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Category Archives: history

Doing What is Right

The other day we were able to view the following short film

Symbol: Should We Still Fear the Swastika? Films On Demand. Films Media Group, 2010. Web. 22 Dec. 2014. <http://digital.films.com/PortalPlaylists.aspx?aid=7967&xtid=44870>.

and it depicted the conflict over the swastika symbol embedded in a Roman Catholic Church in St. Cloud Minn.  The we read the following story

62 Nebraska Pastors Sign Anti-Racism Statement Calling White Supremacy ‘Blatantly Sinful’

http://www.christianpost.com/news/62-nebraska-pastors-sign-anti-racism-statement-calling-white-supremacy-blatantly-sinful-196277/

And while white supremacy (or any supremacy) is wrong believers need to be careful in these types of actions. For the symbol issue, the swastika has enjoyed thousands of years of peaceful meanings applied to it yet far to many people get caught up in the 20th century application applied to it by the Nazis. In that video, the Rabbi and a few others claim that the swastika was forever corrupted by the Nazi use of that symbol and that it can never stand for anything good. But the problem with that view is that those people are letting their own personal views distort their perception of the swastika, it isn’t the symbol that is influencing them in any way. Despite all the education concerning the swastika’s history and use they will not get down off their pedestal and accept the fact that the swastika is not restricted to only the 20th century and the Nazis.

Having lived in a country where the swastika is prevalent and on almost every corner due to the Korean Buddhist use of the symbol, we take a more relaxed view of the symbol because the 20th century meaning never made it to Korea shores. The Nazis did not make it that far east. We are well aware of what Hitler and the other Nazis did but their actions do not make the symbol guilty nor the use of it evil or representing hate. If the swastika represents anything in the 21st century. other than the applied meanings from the Hindu, Buddhist and Navajo worlds, then it is a reminder of the depravity of humanity without Christ and how low men and women will go when letting evil lead them to sin.

The swastika did not tell Hitler and the other Nazis to use it for their despicable agenda. It is an innocent victim in that portion of 20th century history not an active participant. It should no more be considered evil than the buildings that were used to torture so many prisoners.Evil is not done by symbols or structures, that activity is the sole domain of humans and the devil. Symbols are the innocent bystanders used to further an evil agenda that brings destruction on other human beings.

AS for the latter article on the statement signed by 52 pastors, their statement is fair at best and does not go far enough in promoting Christianity but is far too broad in nature. That broadness allows for other sinful actions to take place in the  name of God or goodness or equality and so on. Yes Neo-Nazism is not a biblical teaching and should not be adopted nor supported by believers in Christ but so is Black Lives Matter as that ideology promotes the superiority of one group of people over other people of color (white included).  Such statements in their naive thinking sound good but in reality are far from the biblical message that Jesus brought.

As a group, we hope that racial inequality along with other sins would be eliminated by our churches working together,” said Martin.

AS an example, if one is going to teach that supremacy is wrong then they must teach that the idea of race is wrong as well for the Bible does not teach that there are 4 different human races. It only teaches that there is 1. If pastors and believers are going to talk about what is right and wrong then they need t make sure their complete message is correct or they are just wasting everybody’s time with their public rhetoric. They sound like they are just being political and trying to look good to those around them in hopes of getting more seats filled in their churches.

The only side pastors, church leaders and believers are to take is Christ’s side and making statements like those 52 pastors is not taking his side at all but the politically correct side which is also not included in biblical teaching. You cannot represent Christ when you do not represent his side and his views but distort his perspective by compromising it with secular teaching or looking political.

What point this all brings us to is that it is wrong to remove old signs or symbols, just because a few people distort the value and meaning of a particular symbol. Yes the stars and bars are included in this as they are not a symbol of hatred or slavery but a reminder of what humans do to others when they do not correctly follow Christ (so many modern believers also do not follow Christ correctly).. Part of the problem in these type of issues is that believers are not properly biblically educated to be involved in these issues let alone comment upon them. Christians are to lead others to Christ’s ways not to a mixture of Christ and the secular world.

This means that tearing down old symbols or statues is not a Christian thing to do or to support. The Christian thing to do is bring the truth to the issue and show how people need to think instead of trying to agree with them and let them have their sinful way. Slavery was a human choice not a symbols decree. Adding sin to sin is not doing what is right and tearing out old symbols, placing upon them your own subjective perspectives is adding sin to sin. it is not promoting Christ or his love but just changing who is getting the love and who is getting the hatred.

Christians need to think first then act by following the Holy Spirit to the truth so that they then can lead others to the truth and this is the actual truth not someone’s personal belief that it is truth. Christ’s view is often different from the world’s and his human followers’ ideas.

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Stories to Think About

Archaeology:  All stories taken from- https://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/biblehistorydaily/

#1. August 2017: An Eclipse of Biblical Proportions

A total solar eclipse (when the moon completely blocks the sun, casting the earth in temporary darkness) will be visible across the United States on August 21, 2017 (see map for visibility). When the solar eclipse works its eerie wonders, shadows will behave strangely. Pin-hole openings in tree leaf cover will project tiny eclipses on the ground. Some people will see shadow waves—bands of shade moving across the ground. Viewers in the path of the eclipse will experience about 2 minutes of total darkness.

#2. First Person: Should These Looters Go to Jail?

Imagine a young Bedouin looter exploring one of the hundreds of complicated and dangerous caves in the Judean Desert by the Dead Sea. He discovers an extraordinary ancient gold artifact with a Hebrew inscription referring to King Solomon.

One of the Israeli antiquities dealers who sees it reports it to the authorities, who quickly trace it to the young Bedouin and seize it from him. It is displayed in the Israel Museum, which has to remain open until midnight to accommodate the crowds. It is an international sensation. The New York Timessends two of its most knowledgeable reporters to write the story.

#3. Biblical History at What Cost?

On July 5, 2017, the U.S. Attorney’s office for the Eastern District of New York issued a press release stating that a civil complaint was filed to forfeit thousands of cuneiform tablets and clay bullae originating from modern Iraq and smuggled into the United States through the United Arab Emirates and Israel. As explained in the complaint available online, these artifacts (over 3,500 items) were purchased in the context of amassing what is known as the Green collection—around 40,000 objects of various kinds, from ancient papyri to modern prints of the Bible, assembled by the Green family, owners of the Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc. This collection was meant to form the core of what is nowadays known as the Museum of the Bible, which opens in Washington, D.C. in November.

#4. Huqoq 2017: Mosaics of Jonah and the Whale, the Tower of Babel and More

Archaeologist Jodi Magness and her team have discovered more stunning mosaics during the seventh season of excavations at a Late Roman synagogue at Huqoq, Israel. This new mosaic pavement, which depicts Greco-Roman and Biblical scenes, joins several other mosaics unearthed at Huqoq since 2012, including scenes fromthe Samson cycle, Exodus, the Noah’s ark story and what may be a meeting between Alexander the Great and a Jewish high priest. The Huqoq excavations are led by Magness, the Kenan Distinguished Professor for Teaching Excellence in Early Judaism at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and Assistant Director Shua Kisilevitz of the Israel Antiquities Authority.

#5. 5,000-Year-Old Egyptian Billboard Discovered

What do you call a team of Yale Egyptologists who just discovered the oldest known monumental Egyptian hieroglyphs? “Absolutely flabbergasted,” according to Professor John Coleman Darnell, codirector of the Elkab Desert Survey Project.As reported by YaleNews, Darnell and his team came across the hieroglyphs during their study of road networks around the ancient Egyptian city of Nekheb (modern Elkab) on the east bank of the Nile. At the site of El-Khawy, about four miles north of Elkab, they discovered two sets of ancient carvings: a section of rock art portraying a herd of elephants (dated c. 4000–3500 B.C.E.) and a large hieroglyphic panel containing four signs (c. 3250 B.C.E.). These inscriptions excited Darnell and his team because of their monumental size, their symbolism and their impact on our knowledge of ancient Egyptian writing and culture.

Theology: all stories taken from- http://www.christianpost.com/

#1. Perry Noble Registered New Church Week Before NewSpring Leaders Called Him Biblically Unfit to Be Pastor

Exactly one week after Perry Noble filed paperwork with the South Carolina Secretary of State to register a new spiritual venture called the Second Chance Church last month, former colleagues of the ousted NewSpring Church founder declared him biblically unfit to be a pastor.

It is unclear if this was a coincidence or a strategic move on the part of NewSpring leadership to stop Noble’s controversial comeback to ministry, which began earlier this year just months after he was removed as lead pastor of NewSpring for alcohol addiction and other issues.

#2. Multisite Churches Are a ‘Uniquely Better Approach,’ Says Andy Stanley

North Point Community Church founder and Lead Pastor Andy Stanley has stated that congregations with multiple campuses have a “uniquely better approach” to church growth.

Speaking at Willow Creek Community Church’s annual Global Leadership Summit on Thursday afternoon, Stanley talked about the success of his church since its founding over 20 years ago.

His speech was one of many shown to approximately 600 sites in the United States alone, among them West End Assembly of God in Richmond, Virginia.

#3. 12-Y-O Boy Allegedly Told to ‘Turn the Other Cheek’ After Reporting Rape at Elite Christian School

Brentwood Academy, an elite private Christian school in Tennessee where annual tuition is nearly $25,000 is now facing a $30 million lawsuit alleging that school officials failed to report the repeated rape of a 12-year-old boy by older male students. Headmaster Curtis G. Masters is also accused of telling the victim to “turn the other cheek” when he reported the abuse.

#4. Can Volunteering Replace Tithing? Pastors and Church Members Disagree: Barna

Can a church member substitute volunteering for financial giving? Pastor and church members disagree whether these two forms of generosity are interchangeable, according to a Barna study.

More than 80 percent of pastors disagree strongly or somewhat that “it is okay for a member who volunteers extensively not to give financially,” says the report, “The Generosity Gap,” produced by Barna in partnership with Thrivent Financial, a Fortune 500 not-for-profit financial services organization headquartered in Minnesota and Wisconsin.

However, only about 20 percent of Christians are on the same page with pastors on this question, the study shows.

#5. Transgender High School Grads Awarded $20K Each After Suing District Over Bathroom Policy

Three transgender teenagers have been awarded $20,000 each from their Pennsylvania school district as part of a legal settlement to a lawsuit challenging the school district over its bathroom and locker room policies.

According to the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Elissa Ridenour, Juliet Evancho and a third unidentified transgender student, all of whom have since graduated from Pine-Richland High School in Allegheny County, each received $20,000 from the Pine-Richland School District as a result of a lawsuit they filed last year

 

A New Discovery 2

http://www.christianpost.com/news/new-archaeological-find-confirms-biblical-account-of-the-babylonian-conquest-of-jerusalem-194119/

A newly discovered archaeological find confirms the Old Testament’s account of the taking of Jerusalem by the Babylonian Empire in the sixth century BC.

Excavations conducted by the Israel Antiquities Authority at the Jerusalem Walls National Park, as funded by the City of David Foundation, discovered strong evidence of fire damage from around the time when the city was conquered by the Babylonians.

The IAA explained in a YouTube video from late July that various findings recently unearthed included “charred wood, grape seeds, pottery, fish scales and bones, and unique, rare artifacts.”

“These findings depict the affluence and character of Jerusalem, capital of the Judean Kingdom, and are mesmerizing proof of the city’s demise at the hands of the Babylonians,” explained the YouTube video.

“Among the excavation’s salient findings were dozens of storage jars which served to store both grain and liquids, several of which had stamped handles. Several of the seals discovered depict a rosette — a petalled rose.”

IAA excavation directors Ortal Chalaf and Dr. Joe Uziel noted that this seal was typical for the end of the First Temple Period and were used by Judean royal administrators.

The findings came just before the national commemoration of the anniversary of the Babylonian conquest of Jerusalem, which was observed on Tuesday.

“At the dig site, the rampant destruction caused by a fiery inferno is clearly seen. Burnt charcoal layers of destruction preserved flooring and utensils in situ, giving a stark picture of the immediacy of the blaze,” reported the Times of Israel.

 

Another Media Mistake

Again we are sure you have heard of this fiasco. We haven’t said anything because we have been a little busy lately.

http://www.christianpost.com/news/media-get-it-wrong-on-bible-account-of-canaanites-only-1-issues-correction-193983/

At least a dozen headlines declared that a recently released human genetics study disproves a biblical account found in the Old Testament. But Christians are pointing out that the media got it wrong and only one has issued a correction.

“The Bible got it wrong: Ancient Canaanites survived and their DNA lives in modern-day Lebanese,” says a Pulse headline published last week. Meanwhile, U.K.’s the Daily Mail wrote, “Bronze Age DNA disproves the Bible’s claim that the Canaanites were wiped out.”

The Telegraph also declared that the study that was published in the American Journal of Human Genetics disproved the Bible but it was the only publication among the 12 examined that issued a correction and modified its headline. The correction reads: “The original version of this story erroneously said the Bible claimed the Canaanites were wiped. However, elsewhere in the Bible, it says the elimination was not successful.”

http://www.christianpost.com/news/missing-canaanites-in-plain-sight-media-need-read-bibles-194637/

New archaeological discovery contradicts the Bible.” I’ll tell you why headlines like this are worth double-checking.

We’ve heard a lot about “fake news” this year, and last week we were treated to a flurry of fake news aimed at the reliability of the Bible. A study published in the American Journal of Human Genetics reported that DNA from 3,700-year-old Canaanite remains closely matches that of the modern Lebanese. In other words, a major biblical people are alive and well, still living in the region!

It was an exciting confirmation of the Bible’s history. But for a dozen or so major media outlets, it was precisely the opposite.

“Study disproves the Bible’s suggestion that the ancient Canaanites were wiped out,” trumpeted the UK Telegraph.

The Independent declared, “The Bible says Canaanites were wiped out by Israelites but scientists just found their descendants living in Lebanon.”

And ABC Online reported: “Canaanites survived Biblical ‘slaughter,’ ancient DNA shows.”

Even the journal, Science, joined the debacle with the headline, “Ancient DNA counters biblical account of the mysterious Canaanites.” Science soon issued a casual correction, saying, “The story and its headline have been updated to reflect that in the Bible, God ordered the destruction of the Canaanites, but that some cities and people may have survived.”

http://www.christianpost.com/news/new-dna-discoveries-prove-the-bible-accurate-despite-what-headlines-claim-193830/

There was a spate of headlines last week claiming that new scientific discoveries disproved the historical narrative of the Bible. Headlines included, “DNA vs the Bible: Israelites did not wipe out the Canaanites” and “Study disproves the Bible’s suggestion that the ancient Canaanites were wiped out.” The problem is that the reverse is actually true: The discoveries confirm what the Scriptures explicitly state.

Not surprisingly, these headlines didn’t come from obscure, Bible-bashing websites. Instead, they came from Cosmos Magazine, Yahoo.com, New Scientist (claiming that the discovery helped unravel the “true fate” of the Canaanites), and others. As stated in the New York Times, “There is a story in the Hebrew Bible that tells of God’s call for the annihilation of the Canaanites, a people who lived in what are now Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Israel and the Palestinian territories thousands of years ago.

“‘You shall not leave alive anything that breathes,’ God said in the passage. ‘But you shall utterly destroy them.’

“But a genetic analysis published on Thursday has found that the ancient population survived that divine call for their extinction, and their descendants live in modern Lebanon.”

 

A New Discovery

You may have heard about it but we will put it here anyways

http://www.christianpost.com/news/archaeological-discovery-home-of-3-of-jesus-disciples-possibly-found-194627/

A team of archaeologists may have located the home of three of Jesus’ disciples, found in a lost Roman imperial city off of the Sea of Galilee.

Researchers from Kinneret College believe they have found the Roman city of Julias, which was built as part of the town of Bethsaida, which is identified in John 1:44 as the hometown of Philip, Andrew, and Peter.

“A multi-layered site discovered on the northern shore of the Sea of Galilee, in the Bethsaida Valley Nature Reserve, is the spot, the team believes,” reported Haaretz on Sunday.

“The key discovery is of an advanced Roman-style bathhouse. That in and of itself indicates that there had been a city there, not just a fishing village …”

Haaretz cautioned that there are “three candidates for Julias.” There are two earlier discovered sites by Galilee in addition to the recently unearthed one, named el-Araj.

“What the archaeologists found at el-Araj is an older layer dating from the late Roman period, the 1st to 3rd centuries C.E., two meters below the Byzantine level. That Roman layer contained pottery sherds from the 1st to the 3rd centuries B.C.E., a mosaic, and the remains of the bathhouse,” continued Haaretz.

“And has a major missing church been found too? The excavators found walls with gilded glass tesserae for a mosaic, an indication of a wealthy and important church.”

Kinneret College said in a statement that it is widely believed that a church used to be on the former site of the Apostles’ home, thus adding evidence that the recent find is legitimate.

“The discovery of dozens of golden glass mosaics in the previous season and the present season attests to the fact that the church was an important and magnificent place,” stated the college, as reported by i24news.com.

 

Issues of the Day

#1. https://www.mail.com/int/news/world/5388504-lgbt-outrage-trump-ban-transgender-military-servic.html#.1272-stage-set2-6

Leaders of major advocacy groups depicted Trump’s Twitter pronouncement as an appeal to the portion of his conservative base that opposes the recent civil-rights gains by the LGBT community. “His administration will stop at nothing to implement its anti-LGBTQ ideology within our government — even if it means denying some of our bravest Americans the right to serve and protect our nation,” said Sarah Kate Ellis, president of the LGBT-rights group GLAAD.

The only thing stopping LGBTQ community members from serving in the military are their own demands and desire to force their preferences upon others. There are many believers serving in the military who accept the rules and adjust their behavior according. They do not usually make outrageous demands nor force other servicemen to adhere to their rules or even accept them s they are. They simply obey the rules set out by the military. This is the major problem with the LGBTQ community. They cannot accept the rules demanding that everyone one bow to their perversion or else.

The LGBTQ community is not going to make friends under their current modus operandi. In fact they should expect a backlash as their chosen preference is not accepted as good, normal, etc. by a vast majority of the people. We agree with Trump’s decision here as it is high time the LGBTQ community be told ‘no’ and it is about time they realize that they are not normal, but sinful and violating God’s rules.

#2. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/ken-ham-sells-ark-encounter-land-to-himself-for-10_us_596e9e95e4b05561da5a5ba9

Creationist Ken Ham, the notorious owner of The Ark Encounter and the Creation Museum, has once again found a new way to swindle the good people of Kentucky out of their money.

Knowing HuffPost’s great dislike for and bias against Christians so here is another link to the same story

http://www.christianpost.com/news/kentucky-suspends-ark-encounter-18-million-tax-break-deal-192930/

While there is a lot we agree with that Ken Ham does and says there are a lot of public statements and actions we do not agree with and this is one of them. There is nothing wrong with a church or Christian theme park in investing in the community they reside. They should be setting the example how to be involved correctly with the community they are trying to reach not setting the example of how to screw the community out of much-needed revenue. The latter sets up stumbling blocks to Jesus while the former would knock those stumbling blocks down before they got started. The church is to reach the community not to make it more difficult to reach that objective. Paying property tax is not a big deal if the church or theme parks etc., are assessed correctly.

We disagree with Ham’s move here and feel that he is taking advantage of the community’s good graces. His actions are not Christian and we could point to the lack of biblical instruction that says avoid paying taxes to bolster our argument but  Ham and others already know that those do not exist. Being Christian does not mean escaping one civil responsibilities even when they are a church or christian organization

#3. http://www.morethancake.org/archives/29412

Does history prove science and Christianity are incompatible?

We have written long on this in other articles so we won’t delve into a long discussion here. Suffice it to say that the only way for science and Christianity to be compatible is for the former to repent of its sins and get to the truth. Since most of the scientific world does not believe God nor in God it is not God who is in error and lacking the truth. You can’t have the truth if you kick the only one who possesses it out the door and ban him from entry.

#4. http://www.ministrymatters.com/all/entry/8304/is-the-bible-fake-news

The point here is actually not that God has changed or that there really was a flood or that we have to figure out how Noah’s family repopulated the world without committing incest. The compilers of Genesis included the flood story to change our minds about God.

What is fake about the Bible are all those people who forget when different rules were implemented.Incest was not banned by God till long after the flood. What is also not fake news are the different historical accounts starting with creation, moving on to the flood, then Sodom and Gomorrah and so on. You cannot have fake news if you are holy

#5. http://www.christianpost.com/news/christians-wont-be-punished-as-long-as-they-do-what-we-say-rolling-stone-reporter-responds-lgbt-193200/

Kroll’s attitude seems to be, “if those conservative Christians just become like those liberal Christians, they have nothing to worry about; so what’s the problem?”

In other words “do as i say or else’. It seems absolute power has corrupted this guy absolutely, absolute power over his money that is.  He needs prayer.  But this is the way it is with the LGBTQ community. They have spent decades whining and complaining about abuse, intolerance, hate crimes and many more negative things BUT when they get an opportunity to be different, to set the example of how they want to be treated, they opt to do to others as has been done to them. They will abuse others, they will be intolerant, they will commit hate crimes and on it goes.

The LGBTQ has no sympathy nor argument because they cannot do unto others as they would like to be treated. You cannot win friends and influence people when you are sinning to achieve your demands. Nor can you expect people to accept you when you act like the bully or be hypocritical. We all know that this guy attacks Christians but he does not attack any other religious group who defy his agenda. His actions and words undermine everything he says and does and makes him a laughing-stock. So he has money, whoopee, all he demonstrates is hatred, intolerance, and acts like a bully. He is just one more rich guy in a long line of rich guys who do the exact same thing for their individual agendas. He isn’t new, unique or even smart.

When will the LGBTQ community grow up and realize that there are more people in the world than them, all of who have rights and freedoms along with free choice to exercise those rights and freedoms as they see fit.

 

Declaration of Faith of English People Remaining at Amsterdam in Holland

Printed, 1611.

{This information is taken from the AGES Electronic Library and placed here for educational and edification purposes only}

A DECLARATION, ETC.
 
WE believe and confess: —

1. That there are three which bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and

the Spirit; and these three are one God, in all equality: by whom all things are

created and preserved, in heaven and in earth. <620507>1 John 5:7; <501405>Philippians

2:5, 6; Genesis 1.

2. That this God in the beginning created all things of nothing, and made man

of the dust of the earth, in his own image, in righteousness and true holiness;

yet being tempted, fell by disobedience. Through whose disobedience, all men

sinned: his sin being imputed unto all; and so death went over all men.

<010101>Genesis 1:1; 2:7; 1:27; <490424>Ephesians 4:24; 3:1, 7; <450512>Romans 5:12, 19.

3. That by the promised seed of the woman, Jesus Christ, [and by] his

obedience, all are made righteous, all are made alive: his righteousness being

imputed unto all. <450519>Romans 5:19; <461522>1 Corinthians 15:22.

4. That notwithstanding this, men are by nature the children of wrath, born in

iniquity, and in sin conceived; wise to all evil, but to good they have no

knowledge. <490203>Ephesians 2:3; <195105>Psalm 51:5; <240422>Jeremiah 4:22. The natural

man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God. <460214>1 Corinthians 2:14. And

therefore man is not restored unto his former estate. But that as man, in his

estate of innocency, having in himself all disposition unto good, and no

disposition unto evil, yet being tempted might yield, or might resist; even so

now being fallen, and having all disposition unto evil, and no disposition or

will unto any good, yet God giving grace, man may receive grace, or may

reject grace, according to that saying; I call heaven and earth to record this

day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and

cursing; therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live.

<053019>Deuteronomy 30:19.

5. That God before the foundation of the world hath predestinated that all that

believe in him shall be saved, and all that believe not shall be damned; all

which he knew before. And this is the election and reprobation spoken of in

the scriptures, concerning salvation, and condemnation; and not that God hath

predestinated men to be wicked, and so to be damned, but that men being

wicked shall be damned. <490104>Ephesians 1:4, 12; <411616>Mark 16:16; <450820>Romans

8:20. For God would have all men saved, and come to the knowledge of the

truth, and would have no man to perish, but would have all men come to

repentance, and willeth not the death of him dieth. <540201>1 Timothy 2:1, 2. <610309>2

Peter 3:9; <261832>Ezekiel 18:32. And therefore God is the author of no man’s s

condemnation according to the saying of the prophet; Thy destruction, O

Israel, is of thyself; but thy help is of me. <281309>Hosea 13:9.

6. That man is justified only by the righteousness of Christ, apprehended by

faith; yet faith without works is dead. <450328>Romans 3:28; <480216>Galatians 2:16;

<590217>James 2:17.

7. That men may fall away from the grace of God, and from the truth, which

they have received and acknowledged, after they have tasted of the heavenly

gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost, and have tasted of the good

word of God, and of the powers of the world to come; and after they have

escaped from the filthiness of the world, may be entangled again therein, and

overcome. <581215>Hebrews 12:15; 10:26; 6:4, 5; <610220>2 Peter 2:20. That a righteous

man may forsake his righteousness, and perish. Ezekiel 24, 26. And therefore

let no man presume to think, that because he hath, or had once grace, therefore

he shall always have grace. But let all men have assurance, that if they

continue unto the end, they shall be saved. Let no man then presume; but let all

work out their salvation with fear and trembling.

8. That. Jesus Christ, the Son of God, the second Person or subsistence in the

Trinity, in the fulness of time was manifested in the flesh, being the seed of

David, and of the Israelites, according to the flesh, the Son of Mary the Virgin,

made of her substance, by the power of the Holy Ghost overshadowing her;

and being thus true man, was like unto us in all things, sin only excepted,

being one person in two distinct natures, true God, and true Man. <450103>Romans

1:3; Isaiah 5; <480404>Galatians 4:4; <420135>Luke 1:35; <580415>Hebrews 4:15.

9. That Jesus Christ is mediator of the new testament between God and man,

having all power in heaven and in earth given unto him, being the only King,

Priest, and Prophet of his church. He also being the only Lawgiver, hath in his

Testament set down an absolute and perfect rule of direction, for all persons, at

all times, to be observed; which no prince, nor any whosoever, may add to, or

diminish from, as they will avoid the fearful judgments denounced against

them that shall so do. <540205>1 Timothy 2:5; <402818>Matthew 28:18; <420133>Luke 1:33;

<580724>Hebrews 7:24; <440322>Acts 3:22; <662218>Revelation 22:18, 19.

10. That the church of Christ is a company of faithful people, separated from

the world by the word and Spirit of God, being knit unto the Lord, and one

unto another, by baptism, upon their own confession of the faith, and sins.

<460102>1 Corinthians 1:2; <490101>Ephesians 1:1; <470617>2 Corinthians 6:17; <461213>1

Corinthians 12:13; <440837>Acts 8:37; <400306>Matthew 3:6.

11. That though in respect of Christ the church be one, yet it consisteth of

divers particular congregations, even so many as there shall be in the world;

every of which congregation, though they be but two or three, have Christ

given them, with all the means of their salvation; are the body of Christ, and a

whole church; and therefore may, and ought, when they are come together, to

pray, prophesy, break bread, and administer in all the holy ordinances,

although as yet they have no officers, or that their officers should be in prison,

sick, or by any other means hindered from the church. <490404>Ephesians 4:4;

<401820>Matthew 18:20; <450832>Romans 8:32; <460322>1 Corinthians 3:22; 12:27; 14:23;

<600410>1 Peter 4:10; 2:5.

12. That as one congregation hath Christ, so hath all. And that the word of God

cometh not out from any one, neither to any one congregation in particular, but

unto every particular church, as it doth unto all the world. And therefore no

church ought to challenge any prerogative over any other. <471007>2 Corinthians

10:7; <461436>1 Corinthians 14:36; <510105>Colossians 1:5, 6.

13. That every church is to receive in all their members by baptism, upon the

confession of their faith and sins, wrought by the preaching of the gospel,

according to the primitive institution and practice. And therefore churches

constituted after any other manner, or of any other persons, are not according

to Christ’s testament. <402819>Matthew 28:19; <440241>Acts 2:41.

14. That baptism, or washing with water, is the outward manifestation of dying

unto sin, and walking in newness of life; and therefore in nowise appertaineth

to infants. <450602>Romans 6:2, 3, 4.

15. That the Lord’s supper is the outward manifestation of the spiritual

communion between Christ and the faithful, mutually to declare his death until

he come. <461016>1 Corinthians 10:16, 17; 11:26.

16. That the members of every church or congregation ought to know one

another, that so they may perform all the duties of love one towards another,

both to soul and body. <401815>Matthew 18:15; <520514>1 Thessalonians 5:14; <461225>1

Corinthians 12:25. And especially the elders ought to know the whole flock,

whereof the Holy Ghost hath made them overseers. And therefore a church

ought not to consist of such a multitude, as cannot have particular knowledge

one of another. <442028>Acts 20:28; <600502>1 Peter 5:2, 3.

17. That brethren impenitent in any one sin, after the admonition of the church,

are to be excluded the communion of the saints. And therefore not the

committing of sin doth cut off any from the church, but refusing to hear the

church to reformation. <401817>Matthew 18:17; <460504>1 Corinthians 5:4, 13.

18. That excommunicants, in respect of civil society, are not to be avoided.

<530315>2 Thessalonians 3:15; <401817>Matthew 18:17.

19. That every church ought, according to the example of Christ’s disciples

and primitive churches, upon every first day of the week, being the Lord’s day,

to assemble together, to pray, prophesy, praise God, and break bread, and

perform all other parts of spiritual communion for the worship of God, their

own mutual edification, and the preservation of true religion and piety in the

church. <432019>John 20:19; <440242>Acts 2:42; 20:7; <461602>1 Corinthians 16:2. And they

ought not to labour in their callings, according to the equity of the moral law;

which Christ came not to abolish, but to fulfil. <022008>Exodus 20:8, &c.

20. That the officers of every church or congregation are either elders, who by

their office do especially feed the flock concerning their souls; or deacons,

men and women, who by their office relieve the necessities of the poor and

impotent brethren, concerning their bodies. <442028>Acts 20:28; <600502>1 Peter 5:2, 3;

<440601>Acts 6:1, 4.

21. That these officers are to be chosen when there are persons qualified

according to the rules in Christ’s testament, by election and approbation of that

church or congregation whereof they are members, with fasting, prayer, and

laying on of hands; and there being but one rule for elders, there-fore but one

sort of elders. <540302>1 Timothy 3:2, 7; <560106>Titus 1:6, 9; <440603>Acts 6:3, 4; 13:3;

14:23.

22. That the officers of every church or congregation, are tied by office only to

that particular congregation whereof they are chosen. And therefore they

cannot challenge by office any authority in any other congregation whatsoever,

except they would have an apostleship. <441423>Acts 14:23; 20:17; <560105>Titus 1:5.

23. That the scriptures of the Old and New Testament are written for our

instruction; and that we ought to search them, for they testify of Christ; and

therefore to be used with all reverence, as containing the holy word of God,

which only is our direction in all things whatsoever. <550316>2 Timothy 3:16;

<430539>John 5:39.

24. That magistracy is a holy ordinance of God; that every soul ought to be

subject to it, not for fear only, but for conscience’ sake. Magistrates are the

ministers of God for our wealth, they bear not the sword for nought. They are

the ministers of God, to take vengeance on them that do evil. That it is a fearful

sin to speak evil of them that are in dignity, and to despise government. We

ought to pay tribute, custom, and all other duties. Romans 13.; <610210>2 Peter 2:10.

That we are to pray for them; for God would have them saved, and come to the

knowledge of his truth. <540201>1 Timothy 2:1, 4. And therefore they may be

members of the church of Christ, retaining their magistracy; for no ordinance

of God debarreth any from being a member of Christ’s church. They bear the

sword of God; which sword, in all lawful administrations, is to be defended

and supported by the servants of God that are under their government, with

their lives, and all that they have, according as in the first institution of that

holy ordinance. And whosoever holds otherwise, must hold, if they understand

themselves, that they are the ministers of the devil, and therefore not to be

prayed for, nor approved, in any of their administrations; seeing all things they

do, as punishing offenders, and defending their countries, state, and persons by

the sword, is unlawful. That it is lawful in a just cause, for the deciding of

strife, to take an oath by the name of the Lord. <580616>Hebrews 6:16; <470123>2

Corinthians 1:23; <500108>Philippians 1:8.

25. That the dead shall rise again, and the living be changed in a moment;

having the same bodies in substance, though diverse in qualities. <461552>1

Corinthians 15:52; <183819>Job 38:19; 15:28; <422430>Luke 24:30.

26. That after the resurrection, all men shall appear before the judgment scat of

Christ, to be judged according to their works. That the godly shall enjoy life

eternal; the wicked, being condemned, shall be tormented everlastingly in hell.

<402546>Matthew 25:46.

 
 
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