Category Archives: archaeology

Given a chance evil will corrupt any good thing

We used to go to different scholars’ websites and link back to their articles as we critiqued their words. Some scholars like James Tabor and Robert Cargill simply write very lengthy posts making critiquing a little difficult. But we did go visit Cargill’s site as we hadn’t been there for a while. One of his posts that caught our eye was the one on the Museum of the Bible.

Cargill’s site-

Museum site-

One of the reasons we are writing is because of what we read in Dr. Cargill’s article. He told of how the MOTB was originally going to follow Christian belief and present the actual history of the Bible. But as we read, he pointed out that the MOTB has changed course and has followed secular biblical scholars over the truth. The MOTB, if Cargill is correct, is now going to change the presentation of the Bible in exchange for false credibility granted by all the biblical scholars and archaeologists who do not believe God.

What surprised me were the many steps that the Museum of the Bible had recently taken to remedy the scholarly criticism regarding the portrayal of the Bible as actualhistory. In the past two years, the Museum of the Bible has begun consulting with a large number of highly reputable critical biblical scholars, asking them for input. And it appears that the Museum has not only listened to this input, but has acted upon it, and has abandoned its presentation of the early history of the Bible and of the biblical stories as history. Furthermore, the Museum has beefed up its History of the Bible exhibit on the 4th floor by adding many pre-biblical objects and replicas that place the origin of the Bible in its proper ancient Near Eastern context.

This is a tragedy. believers are not to walk in the counsel of the ungodly no matter how much education or expertise the latter has in their respective fields. Yet here we find a museum which would rather disobey God than disobey men.One the unbeliever was given an inch, they took a mile and corrupted a good thing. Believers cannot afford to let this corruption take place in their lives. Unbelieving experts are tools of evil, not bringers of the truth of God’s actions or words.

Evil seeks to ruin believers through these deceptive means. An unwary believer can have their faith destroyed because they fell victim to the ploy that secular education and expertise trump God and his word. Being given credibility by unbelieving scholars is not worth disobeying God.

But there is more than the topic mentioned in the title. Dr. Cargill makes some misleading and very untrue statements about archaeology disproving the Bible. Such an event has never happened. We will go through some or a couple of those statements to show you how dishonest secular scholars and archaeologists can be.

Whether confessional, agnostic, or atheistic, Bible scholars and archaeologists who take a critical approach (“critical” here meaning “analytical”, not “disparaging”) use a scientific approach to the textual and archaeological evidence. They employ reason, logic, evidence, and use replicable tests and experiments to arrive at their conclusions.

These unbelieving biblical scholars use any method that is not of God to do their analysis and draw their conclusions. God does not say to use science or scientific methods to grasp his words. He says to follow the Holy Spirit to the truth. You cannot get to the truth if you stop following the one who has the truth and knows where it is hidden.

It must also be remembered that the unbeliever’s logic, reason, perspective of the evidence and replicable tests are all under the same corruption as the human who employs those tactics. Those tactics cannot find the truth because they are not guided by the light. They are blind and stumbling around in the dark. The same goes for the supposed experiments.

Dr. Cargill fails to mention that scientists are not looking for the truth but the best explanation. That little tidbit of information exposes the real dishonesty behind the different scholars. It also demonstrates why God does not want his followers following the counsel of the ungodly. The latter does not want the truth.

Such a confessional approach to teaching the Bible and biblical archaeology is not objective research—it is theological apologetics disguising as research, as the scholar’s employer has already predetermined the outcomes and conclusions of the so-called “research”.

Dr. Cargill should be well aware of the idea that objective research is impossible to do. Dr. Wm. Dever, and other more noted scholars than Dr. Cargill, have been writing and speaking about this fact for years. When God says you are on his side or his enemy’s side and there is no grey middle ground, then you know there is no such thing as objective research. Any research conducted by unbelievers will be tainted by their unbelief and refusal to open their minds to the truth.

You can’t be objective when the unbeliever goes into their research, their experiments, their archaeological excavations and so on disbelieving or excluding the biblical perspective. To be truly objective one must equally consider the biblical perspective as the correct answer as any other theory. To say the biblical perspective is not true and enter your work with that mindset, you have ceased to be objective.

The biblical view must be given equal weight, as well and not just mentioned to appease the believer. Also, it is pretty hard not to have predetermined outcomes when you are told by the God who was there what really took place. it is laughable that scholars like Dr. Cargill can even propose that they could determine what happened in the past better than God when they are working with less than 2% of the actual historical data (see KA Kitchen’s The Bible In Its World) and the latter (God) who is working with 100% of the information.

We believers already know what took place in the past. It is the unbelieving scholar that pretends the answers do not exist.

Archaeologists are continually uncovering evidence that is often contrary to at least some of the claims made in the Bible. These conflicts between the archaeological data and the biblical claims are valuable because they offer suggestions as to why the Bible preserves some of the claims that it does. Why does the Bible claim that Noah made an ark, or that God created all the world’s languages at once at the Tower of Babel, or that the first woman was made from the first man’s “rib”, or that Joshua sacked Jericho, if there is no evidence to support these claims and lots of evidence disproving them?

Actually, that first line is a complete falsehood. The only thing that disagrees with the biblical record is not the archaeological artifacts, buildings and other remains that are continuously dug up in the Middle East. What disagrees with the biblical record are the assumptions, conjecture, the leaps to conclusions, the hypothesis that the archaeologist makes from analyzing incomplete evidence. There has never been an archaeological discovery that has proven the bible wrong or disagreed with its record.

What the unbelieving scholar and archaeologist do is hide behind those words – no evidence. Yet that is an hypocritical stance and applying a double standard. They often tout that complete evidence cannot be found for any discovery because of time, natural disasters, erosion, and other calamities plus human endeavors. BUT they will demand perfect evidence for any biblical account before they will accept the biblical history. This double standard is a product of the dishonest mind possessed by the unbelieving scholar, etc.

There is no way to prove that Noah built an ark. There is no way to prove that God supernaturally changed the original language to a multitude of them. Nor is there any way that woman was made from Adam’s rib. The demands for such evidence are unrealistic and shows the great lengths that scholars will go to protect their unbelief. They know that no such evidence can be found and if there was any presented, they know how to refute such discoveries.

Why does the Bible say those things mentioned in the quote? God simply wants to see who believes him and who does not.

These answers give us insight into how the ancient Israelites viewed themselves and how they believed God was working through history on their behalf. But Steve Green’s claim that the Bible is a historically reliable document runs contrary to the archaeological record.

These words are also misleading. They infer that the archaeological record is superior to God’s word; is infallible and uncovers the truth even though the archaeologist does not know why an artifact was found where it was or why a building was built the way it was designed. The archaeological record is not the authority here and it cannot displace God and his knowledge. But the unbelieving scholar and archaeologist need to believe in something other than God. The Bible does not record how the Israelites viewed themselves or how they believed God was working. The Bible records what actually took place in history.

But the unbelieving scholar or archaeologist will not admit to that. They think that the records of their unbelieving ancestors trump God and his word. The records are incomplete and misused by modern scholars and archaeologists.

This is what many biblical scholars fear—that Steve Green will use his money, influence, and status as champion of the Evangelical right to promulgate a confessional Bible curriculum in public schools that is not in line with the archaeological evidence.

Scholars and archaeologists dishonesty are seen in their constant appeal to the archaeological record. A record constructed by them without the aid of the truth. Of course, a view that the bible is historical is going to run contrary to the archaeological record but it is not because the view is wrong. It is because the current archaeological record is wrong.

In short, scholars do not oppose a museum dedicated to the history of the Bible; they are terrified of a museum that promotes the Bible as history.

And here is where we return to the topic that unbelieving scholars and archaeologists corrupt a good thing. They are terrified of the truth and seek to do anything they can to keep the truth hidden from the world. These men and women are not working for God or doing his work. They are working for evil. The MOTB is wrong to follow the counsel of the ungodly. If the owners and curators are Christian, they should be showing these scholars, etc., the door and saying thank you but no thanks.

The unbeliever will ruin the faith of believers whenever they get the chance. It has been done on more than one college campus and it is being done through the MOTB.


You can read the rest of Dr. Cargill’s article at the link above. It is filled with more of the unbeliever’s dishonesty and misleading point of view. Just so you know, we have already sent an email to the MOTB about this article and their disobedience to God. We will also send them the link to this article so they can respond. We have also talked to Dr. Cargill in the past informing him that atheists cannot understand the Bible or what it says. He disagreed with us. We haven’t posted on his website for a long time now so we are not sure if we can post the link there or not.

The Bible is true, it is accurate history and human scholars and archaeologists are the ones in error when they disagree with the Bible. God is the one with the facts and the truth, the secular scholars and archaeologists are the ones lacking the right information.


Some Short Comments

Different topics that require a few words


You really need to click on the link to see the image. West’s ‘çute’ diagram actually demonstrates how little people forgive past behavior and indiscretions. Unlike God, people seem to hold on to those sins committed by other people and use those to stop people from progressing in their lives. God forgives and forgets when true repentance takes place. people need to do so as well.

Also,following Jesus does not require following West’s or other people’s idea of what is Christianity. We follow what God instructs correctly.


There is a difference between legal and illegal immigration. For some reason many American political people and other Americans do not recognize this difference. They seem to have a problem understanding the difference between the right way to do things and the wrong way. God doe snot bless the wrong way.

This right way and wrong of doing things is not limited to just the issue of immigration. It also applies to the issue of marriage. Same sex unions, including transgender relationships, are not the correct way to embrace or conduct marriage.

There is always a right way and a wrong way to do things. If in doubt check your Bible for further instructions, but read it honestly.


No it isn’t fair,nor should it be done. BUT then the word pedophile needs to be used in its proper context and not abused  to make a biased and unchristian point.

The sins of pedophiles need to be forgiven by victims also. They are not excluded from biblical teaching.


It is not fair to place your own emotional perspective on the actions of others. using subjective definitions are not the right way to do things. Voting for someone who has a sinful past does not negate your salvation. We all have a sinful past, even West.


We kind of agree with West on this one. Education is important but what i sore important is if a western is educated in the truth or not. The Bible is full of references talking about the truth. Interpretation, dishonesty, lies are not the goal of the believer. Education has to bring information and teach the student how to find the truth.

It is only the truth that sets one free. Not interpretation or any other alternative.


We agree here as well. Immature Christianity is a bane to believers not a stepping stone to mature Christian belief. If you want to grow as a believer you need to desire the meat of the word. Not play childish games.

#7. A Word on Archaeology

We were watching an old episode of the Naked Archaeologist the other day and the subject matter turned to the mysterious circles found in Israel. They were excavated back in the 80s. The archaeologist who did the excavation dated the sight to the Bronze Age only because the artifacts he found could have come from the Bronze Age.

This situation is a lot like the Aztecs and their ancient buildings. There is a difference between the Aztec structures and the older more ancient structures they used as foundations for their work. All the buildings are credited to the Aztecs.

These mis-identifications develop because there is no way to prove that the Bronze Age artifacts were left behind by the original builders of the circles. A Bronze Age people could have come to the site and  took over. The buildings pre-dated the later occupants. This is one reason we cannot accept the dates proposed by archaeologists. There are just too many mitigating factors that come into play which make dating impossible.

Distortion of the past ruins both history and the supposed information we are getting from ancient sites.


Archaeology Amateurs

We know and have talked to the people behind Patterns of Evidence and the following news letter

with that said we do not like when amateurs get involved and try to do ‘archaeology’. They may have taken approx. 15 years to make their film and then write newsletters and other things but amateurs only mess things up. We wil provide a few examples here;


And your children shall be shepherds in the wilderness forty years and shall suffer for your faithlessness, until the last of your dead bodies lies in the wilderness. According to the number of the days in which you spied out the land, forty days, a year for each day, you shall bear your iniquity forty years, and you shall know my displeasure.’ – Numbers 14: 33-34 (ESV)

Did the nomadic Children of Israel spend 40 years in the wilderness of the Sinai Peninsula, or did they spend at least part of those four decades wandering to and fro in the Arabian Peninsula? Some argue for the latter.

Not even a valid question we have their itinerary so we know where they went. Some people like Wm. Dever think that the Israelites spent 40 years at Kardesh Barnea but the Bible proves them wrong



Now Moses was keeping the flock of his father-in-law, Jethro, the priest of Midian, and he led his flock to the west side of the wilderness and came to Horeb, the mountain of God. – Exodus 3:1 (ESV)

With the aid of Google Earth, University of Western Australia researcher Dr. David Kennedy has catalogued almost 400 stone walls that are hard to detect when you are standing right next to them; nevertheless, they can be clearly viewed via today’s satellite imagery.

There is nothing about this discovery that is vital to any exodus study nor can the former be connected to the latter.

#3. Dubbed “gates” because many look like cattle gates from high above the earth, these walls present themselves in a variety of shapes ranging from rectangular to a capital “I” with stone piles at both ends. The latter shape discourages any thought that these were enclosures meant to contain animals. Many of these stone walls are only three feet high.

Misleading and distorts the actual purpose of the walls. Walls may have eroded away, there is no telling how high they actually went.

#4. Then, too, the ecology of the Arabian Peninsula may have been very different thousands of years ago. Some speculate it may have been more tropical than it is today.

get some prove first before making statements like this. Those walls could have served any purpose and the environment could be the same then as it is today. We also know a lot about the climate in the region the Israelites wandered in as the Bible tells us about it through their complaints and Moses actions.

#5. So, did the ancient Israelites wander in the Arabian Peninsula, as some have suggested. Might these “gates” offer a clue from biblical times that a nomadic people such as this actually existed? Only time and boots on the ground will tell.

This is what really bothers us. There is no way to connect those gates or walls to the people of Israel. There is no clue here and there is nothing tying these walls to nomadic people. We understand why amateurs get involved in archaeology but they should actually learn something before muddying up the waters and misleading those who know even less about the topic. Before making such absurd statements or throwing the these bad questions out there to be considered a little common sense is needed. As well as asking oneself , is this really germane to the topic or is it just hype? Is it pandering to a specific audience or really helping to solve a mystery?

It is a fine line dealing with amateurs as you do not want to curb their enthusiasm but there is a point where they need real instructions instead of letting them ‘hypothesize’ over inane and immaterial topics like these walls. It is not a wise move to present archaeology in the same fashion as the experts or professionals as those groups do not know that much about the topic they are discussing. Modern science may be about the best explanation BUT the best explanation may be far from the truth and the believer cannot get caught up in that.

The believer is taught to go for the truth and that method must be taught to amateurs so that they can avoid making errors in the topics they are interested in.

#6. Keep Thinking

While all people need to keep thinking, this is bad advice as thinking in general does not lead one to the truth. Nor is thinking some haphazard activity. It must be guided. If it isn’t properly guided then it has no hope of reaching the truth.You cannot just think for the sake of thinking especially when you are disseminating information to others. You need to provide the truth or the next step in reaching the truth. For the believer this is essential as they have more at stake than those who do not believe.



Some Thoughts


If a person wants privacy, why are they announcing their actions publicly? We are sure many people ask this same question and the answer seems that these type of people just need the attention. Psychologists might have a field day with this tactic but for us, if you want privacy don’t say anything publicly. We have seen so many articles where teachers have used their Facebook accounts to ‘vent’ about their students yet complain that their ‘security’ was broken and the students got to read the teacher’s ‘secret’ notes. If you do not want the students to know what you think, do not post your thoughts in a public place whose security measures can be broken.

Common sense has been lost and the expectation of privacy is distorted. The Bible talks about taming the tongue, and people should realize that the word tongue can be applied to typing on a computer screen. The verses in James apply to all forms of communication, not just speaking verbally.


We are not going to totally agree with Mr. Brown here even though we like a lot of articles he has written. The second point he makes is a little difficult to accept because while Christianity is related to Judaism, it is not the same faith. NT believers cannot celebrate Passover it is not a commanded holiday for them. Neither is Easter and we should not be celebrating that festival either. Jesus did say to use communion to remember him and what he did. He did not say invent a holiday and use it.

To meet Mr. Brown’s recommendation believers need to fully understand what the ‘priesthood of believers’ really means, most believers have no clue. This is the fault of the overemphasizing of Mr. Brown’s point #5. The church is already doing that point at the cost of every other command and instruction in the Bible. The church is ill-equipped to train and teach those new believers who convert and want to learn about the Christian faith. They cannot grow spiritually because the church is at Mr. Brown’s point #8. It is very biblically illiterate and is in capable of instructing existing members correctly let alone new ones who do not have a clue what life in Christ is all about.

Other than that he makes great points which need to be examined by all believers.


There is the possibility that the two stopped shining but it is hard to verify as that event was so long ago. No real evidence exists to support that conclusion. It is also possible that the solar event mentioned in the article does not relate to the bible at all.If the sun ‘became dark’ how would that be an answer to Joshua’s prayer when he requested more sunlight not less to beat his opponents. Scientists and historians need to rethink their conclusions here.


The death penalty was instituted by God, it would be wise for people to consider that fact as they think through this issue. Our position has been that the death penalty may not be suited in all cases as there is still hope for true conversion by the offender BUT there are offenders who have gone past the line and will never convert. The death penalty is not cruel or harsh punishment but a spiritual one. It should be applied correctly thus believers should seek God first before adopting any position on the issue.


The fact that there are some innocent people wrongly convicted of a crime worthy of death is not the fault of the death penalty but the judge, prosecutors and defense attorneys involved. Don’t punish the death penalty for crimes it did not commit. Do not listen to the arguments that it is not a deterrent, that is an aspect that cannot be proven. Crime will always take place whether there is the death penalty or not in existence.


We are not big reformation fans. We feel that too much emphasis has been placed upon the humans involved and not on God who directed the humans. One reason for this is how the reformers like Luther, Calvin and Zwingli lived their lives and what opinions they wrote about.We also believe that God was already at work in many believers lives at the time and his word and truth was not lost during the supposed Dark and Middle Ages. There was always a true church (Not the RCC) in existence spreading the truth to all who would listen. It is just that Luther, Calvin and Zwingli got the press.

The key for the believer is that they are truly following the Spirit of God and implementing his ways into their lives because that is how people get reformed. The only true past event that should be celebrated is the life of Christ at communion.


Unearthing Atlantis 2

From time to time we will be taking quotes from that book and look at them here. Today’s quote comes from near the end of the book.

Clark is the man who invented the communication satellite…Long before anyone had gone to the moon, even before the first satellite had been orbited, he had written a story about a Jesuit priest’s voyage to another solar system, where an extinct civilization was being excavated. The civilization, a remarkably refined one, had died under the glare of a supernova– which turned out to be the Star of Bethlehem…but the paradox was the same, I pointed out, If God wanted to strike fear into the Pharaoh, why did he need Thera? Why was it necessary to destroy innocents hundreds of miles away? (pg. 286)

The key to understanding God’s methods, if he used Thera to help free the Hebrews from Egypt is found in the word ‘innocents’. Yes the Minoans were not guilty of helping the Egyptians to be slaves and they may not have encouraged the Egyptians to enslave the Hebrews but that does not meant hat they are innocent people. They may be innocent of the slavery issue BUT we do not know everything about the Minoans and their involvement in Egypt’s affairs.SO they may not have been innocent after all.We just do not know.

With that said, even if they were innocent of the slavery crime that still does not make them innocent in God’s eyes. The use of Thera would be two-fold. First, IF God used Thera for the plagues, and we cannot be sure if he did or not, he did so to free his people from their slavery. Second, IF Thera was done on the Minoans as part o God’s judgment, it was done to punish the Minoans for their sins, disobedience., and their rejection of him and his ways. They were not innocent in God’s eyes. God may have stuck two birds with one stone.

It can be argued that the Minoans did not have a biblical witness to their civilization. BUT that is another argument from silence. we do not know who God sent to preach to this civilization or what person they came in contact with in their many travels around the globe. The existence of Melchizedek tells us that God had a witness long before Moses and it stands to reason he would have more witnesses available for the people of the ancient world. His love for his creation did not begin with the NT thus, like Jonah being sent to Nineveh it is consistent for him to have someone preaching to the other nations as well. God does not punish haphazardly, for the pleasure of it or because he is some homicidal maniac. His punishments are just even to those in the OT world.

Regardless, how one defines the word ‘innocent’ depends upon if they are looking at things from a limited perspective, a human one or a divine one. Dr. Pellegrino is using the first two perspectives. He is limiting his definition to the human perspective and limiting it to just the Egyptian /Hebrew slavery issue. Christians cannot do this. They need to see things from God’s perspective if they are going to provide the correct answer to the secular world and not harm their faith.

Getting the right definition is important if one wants the truth.


When They Get It Wrong

The following quote is taken from Charles Pellegrino’s book Unearthing Atlantis, pg. 53-4:

…you’d see immediately that volcanoes are not merely bringers of tidal waves and fiery death. They were also bringers of life. Indeed, there is every indication from laboratory experiments, that hot volcanic rocks were needed about 4 billion years ago, to concentrate amino acids into little clumps and strings of proteinaceous spheres, into protocells- that eventually became us. It is very likely that without volcanoes there would be no life on earth today.

Dr. Pellegrino draws that conclusion from his observation of giant worms that lived near volcanoes under the ocean. These worms had no faces or rear ends, nor even digestive systems as we know them. These worms live off sulfides that come from these undersea volcanoes and the bacteria  in their tissues keeps these worms alive. In a nutshell that is Dr. Pellegrino’s evidence supporting his statement in the quote above.

The problem with that observation is that it is nowhere near the truth. His mis-identification leads people in the wrong direction. There is no evidence connecting volcanoes with the origin of life and there is no evidence that connects those worms and where they get their nourishment from to any evolutionary theory or development of life. It is a big stretch to jump to that conclusion when all Dr. Pellegrino could do was watch these worms through a submarine window or study a dead sample. What he witnesses was worms congregating around a spot which turns out to be its food source.

Having a food source does not equate with origins of life nor does it make connections to life development. All Dr. Pellegrino witnessed was a bunch of worms feeding. Everything else is read into that little snapshot of the worms’ lives. His conclusion is like watching a herd of horses eat in a pasture then assuming that grass has something to do with the origin of life and that without dirt and life, no one would exist. It is far-fetched. That is the problem when you read the ideas of those who do not accept nor believe the truth. You get far-fetched ideas that have nothing to do with reality.

Volcanoes did not help originate life. They may be a food source for giant worms and other weird creatures but that is the extent of their contribution to that aspect of life. Food sources speak nothing to the origin of life. That is a totally different and separate event.

Because the unbeliever does not accept the biblical account of creation then our origin remains a mystery to them. They continually look for the wrong answer by walking down the wrong paths and looking in the wrong places. But then the Bible tells us that people today will willingly be deceived and we see the truth of that verse every time unbelievers reject the truth and create these far-fetched theories.


The Sea People Update

For us, the jury is still out concerning the Sea peoples and their involvement in the Middle East. But that doesn’t stop the archaeological world. here is an update on the Sea People. We will quote large portions of it from this newsletter.

Archeologists believe they have found the key to unlocking a mystery millennia in the making, uncovering how advanced civilizations in the lands of the Bible were invaded by so-called ‘sea-people’ in 1190 B.C. . .” according to The “Sea Peoples” have long been suspected of playing a key role in ending the prosperous Bronze Age in the eastern Mediterranean, and plunging many societies into prolonged dark periods. They also are involved in one of the chief objections to the idea of shifting Egypt’s timeline, allowing a link between archaeological evidence and the Bible’s Exodus account.

Newsweek tells how researchers recently translated the Luwian hieroglyphics on a 95-foot-long limestone tablet found in 1878. These hieroglyphics were the official recorded language of an ancient civilization in southwestern Turkey. The origin of the tablet appears to have been King Kupanta-Kurunta, a ruler in western Asia Minor who (the tablet says) sent his armies by land against the Hittite Empire to the east, and then, via a fleet of ships, down along the eastern Mediterranean coast.

According to Newsweek, the tablet claims that Kupanta-Kurunta’s armies “invaded a number of ancient coastal centers in modern-day Syria and Israel, building a fortress in Ashkelon and eventually advancing as far as ancient Egypt…”

The Philistines are thought to be one of these “Sea Peoples” who ended up occupying the coastal cities of Canaan and became Israel’s arch enemies during the period when Israel was governed by a series of judges. They continued to battle Israel’s first kings: Saul and David.

Sampson, who judged Israel for 20 years and put to death many Philistines, was chained between two columns during a Philistine celebration. In a final act of supernatural strength, he brought the house down on his Philistine captors…

While the 3,200-year-old tablet appears to give credence to a military campaign that may have birthed the Philistines of the Bible, this line of thinking is still in question.

The Luwian Studies Foundation, which is preparing to publish its findings on the stone, admits there is an “unfinished argument” over whether the inscription is authentic. Dr. Eerhard Zangger, president of the foundation, told the Times of Israel recently, “We think it’s too long and complicated grammatically to have been forged by anybody…”

There have been some archeological expeditions—one of them at Ashkelon—at what the researchers considered Philistine cemeteries. The Ashkelon dig found bodies interred in a similar manner to bodies around the Aegean Sea, leading to speculation that the Philistines may have indeed been related to the “Sea Peoples.” These findings have also been challenged.

So, while the translation of the Luwian hieroglyphs lends some credence to the Bible, with its description of “Sea Peoples” conquering the coastal regions of the Promised Land, there is still much work to do. Scholars will need to determine exactly who the Philistines were and whether or not this 3,200-year-old stone document is, in fact, genuine…

Here is the title in case the link doesn’t work


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