Category Archives: Justice

613 Laws

The 613 Old Testament Commandments

The following information comes from WILLMINGTON’S GUIDE TO THE BIBLE by Dr. H. L. Willmington TYNDALE HOUSE PUBLISHERS, INC. Wheaton, Illinois and are placed here for research and edification purposes only

The total number of the biblical commandments (precepts and prohibitions) is given in rabbinic tradition as 613. It is held that all 613 were revealed to Moses at Mt. Sinai, and that they fall into two classifications. 1.    Mandatory laws—248 in number, corresponding to the limbs of the human body (divided into eighteen sections). 2.    Prohibition laws—365 in number, equal to the solar days in a year (divided into thirteen sections).

The Mandatory Commandments


1.    One must believe that God exists (Ex. 20:2).

2.    Acknowledge his unity (Deut. 6:4).

3.    Love God (Deut. 6:5).

4.    Fear God (Deut. 6:13).

5.    Serve God (Ex. 23:25; Deut. 11:13).

6.    Cleave to God (Deut. 10:20).

7.    Swear only by his name (Deut. 10:20).

8.    Imitate God (Deut. 28:9).

9.    Sanctify God’s name (Lev. 22:32).


10.    The shema must be recited each morning and evening (Deut. 6:7).

11.    Study the Torah and teach it to others (Deut. 6:7).

12.    The Tefillin must be bound on one’s head (Deut. 6:8).

13.    It should be also bound on one’s arm (Deut. 6:8).

14.    A zizit is to be made for the garments (Num. 15:38).

15.    A mezuzah is to be fixed on the door (Deut. 6:9).

16.    The people are to assemble every seventh month to hear the Torah read (Deut. 31:12).

17.    The king must write a special copy of the Torah for himself (Deut. 17:18).

18.    Each Jew should have a Torah scroll for himself (Deut. 31:19).

19.    God is to be praised after meals (Deut. 8:10).

Temple and the Priest

20.    The Jews should build a Temple (Ex. 25:8).

21.    They should respect it (Lev. 19:30).

22.    It must be guarded at all times (Num. 18:4).

23.    The Levites should perform their special duties in it (Num. 18:23).

24.    Before entering the Temple or participating in its service, the priests must wash their hands and feet (Ex. 30:19).

25.    The priests must light the candelabrum daily (Ex. 27:20, 21).

26.    The priests must bless Israel (Num. 6:23).

27.    They must set the shewbread and frankincense before the altar (Ex. 25:30).

28.    The incense must be burned twice daily on the golden altar (Ex. 30:7).

29.    Fire shall be kept burning on the altar continually (Lev. 6:13).

30.    The ashes are to be removed daily (Lev. 6:10, 11).

31.    Ritually unclean persons must be kept out of the Temple (Num. 5:2).

32.    Israel is to honor its priests (Lev. 21:8).

33.    The priests must be dressed in special priestly raiment (Ex. 28:2).

34.    The ark is to be carried on the shoulders of the priests (Num. 7:9).

35.    The oil used in anointing must be prepared according to a special formula (Ex. 30:31). 3

6.    The priestly families should officiate in rotation (Deut. 18:6-8).

37.    In honor of certain dead close relatives, the priests should make themselves ritually unclean (Lev. 21:2, 3).

38.    The high priest may marry only a virgin (Lev. 21:13).


39.    The tamid sacrifice must be offered twice daily (Num. 28:3).

40.    The high priest must also offer a meal offering twice daily (Lev. 6:13).

41.    An additional sacrifice (musaf) should be offered every Sabbath (Num. 28:9).

42.    One shall also be offered on the first of every month (Num. 28:11).

43.    A musaf is to be offered on each of the seven days of Passover (Lev. 23:36).

44.    On the second day of Passover a meal offering of the first barley must also be brought (Lev. 23:10).

45.    On Shavuot a musaf must be offered (Num. 28:26, 27).

46.    Two loaves of bread must be offered as a wave offering (Lev. 23:17).

47.    An additional sacrifice must be made on Rosh Ha-Shanah (Num. 29:1, 2).

48.    Another offering must be made on the day of atonement (Num. 29:7, 8).

49.    On this day the avodah must also be performed (Lev. 16).

50.    On every day of the festival of Sukkot a musaf must be brought (Num. 29:13).

51.    It is to be brought also on the eighth day thereof (Num. 29:36).

52.    Every male Jew should make pilgrimage to the Temple three times a year (Ex. 23:14).

53.    He must appear there during the three pilgrim festivals (Ex. 34:23; Deut. 16:16).

54.    One should rejoice on the festivals (Deut. 16:14).

55.    On the fourteenth of Nisan one should slaughter the paschal lamb (Ex. 12:6).

56.    The lamb is then to be roasted and eaten on the night of the fifteenth (Ex. 12:8).

57.    Those who were ritually impure in Nisan should slaughter the paschal lamb on the fourteenth of Lyyar (Num. 9:11).

58.    It should then be eaten with mazzah and bitter herbs (Ex. 12:8; Num. 9:11).

59.    Trumpets should be sounded when the festive sacrifices are brought, and also in times of tribulation (Num. 10:10).

60.    Cattle to be sacrificed must be at least eight days old (Lev. 22:27).

61.    They must also be without blemish (Lev. 22:21).

62.    All offerings must be salted (Lev. 2:13).

63.    It is a mitzvah to perform the ritual of the burnt offering (Lev. 1:2).

64.    This is also true with the sin offering (Lev. 6:18).

65.    This is also true with the guilt offering (Lev. 7:1).

66.    This is also true with the peace offering (Lev. 3:1).

67.    This is also true with the meal offering (Lev. 2:1; 6:7).

68.    Should the Sanhedrin err in a decision, its members must bring a sin offering (Lev. 4:13).

69.    This offering must also be brought by a person who has unwittingly transgressed a karet (Lev. 4:27).

70.    When in doubt as to whether one has transgressed such a prohibition, a “suspensive” guilt offering must be brought (Lev. 5:17, 18).

71.    For stealing or swearing falsely and for other sins of like nature, a guilt offering must be brought (Lev. 5:15; 19:20, 21; 21-25).

72.    In special circumstances the sin offering can be according to one’s means (Lev. 5:1-11).

73.    One must confess one’s sins before God and repent for them (Num. 5:6, 7).

74.    A man who has a seminal issue must bring a sacrifice (Lev. 15:13-15).

75.    A woman who has an issue must bring a sacrifice (Lev. 15:28, 29).

76.    A woman must also bring a sacrifice after childbirth (Lev. 12:6).

77.    A leper must bring a sacrifice after he has been cleansed (Lev. 14:10). 78.    One must tithe one’s cattle (Lev. 27:32).

79.    The firstborn of clean (permitted) cattle are holy and must be sacrificed (Ex. 13:2).

80.    The firstborn of man must be redeemed (Ex. 22:28; Num. 18:15).

81.    The firstling of the ass must be redeemed (Ex. 34:20).

82.    If not, its neck is to be broken (Ex. 13:13).

83.    Animals set aside as offerings must be brought to Jerusalem without delay (Deut. 12:5, 6).

84.    They may be sacrificed only in the Temple (Deut. 12:14).

85.    Offerings from outside the land of Israel may also be brought to the Temple (Deut. 12:26).

86.    Sanctified animals which have become blemished must be redeemed (Deut. 12:15).

87.    A beast exchanged for an offering is also holy (Lev. 27:33).

88.    The priests should eat the remainder of the meal offering (Lev. 6:9).

89.    They also are to eat of the flesh of sin and guilt offerings (Ex. 29:33).

90.    But consecrated flesh which has become ritually unclean must be burned (Lev. 7:19).

91.    Also, that flesh not eaten within its appointed time must be burned (Lev. 7:17).


92.    A Nazarite must let his hair grow during the period of his separation (Num. 6:5).

93.    When that period is over he must shave his head and bring his sacrifice (Num. 6:18).

94.    A man must honor his vows and his oaths (Deut. 23:24).

95.    These can only be annulled in accordance with the law (Num. 30:3).

Ritual Purity

96.    Anyone who touches a carcass becomes ritually unclean (Lev. 11:8, 24).

97.    Anyone who touches one of the eight species of reptiles becomes ritually unclean (Lev. 11:29-31).

98.    Food becomes unclean by coming into contact with a ritually unclean object (Lev. 11:34).

99.    Menstruous women are ritually impure (Lev. 15:19).

100.    After childbirth women are ritually impure for seven days (Lev. 12:2).

101.    A leper is ritually unclean (Lev. 13:3).

102.    A leprous garment is ritually unclean (Lev. 13:51).

103.    A leprous house is unclean (Lev. 14:44).

104.    A man having a running issue is unclean (Lev. 15:2).

105.    Semen is unclean (Lev. 15:16).

106.    A woman suffering from a running issue is unclean (Lev. 15:19).

107.    A human corpse is unclean (Num. 19:14).

108.    The purification water purifies the unclean, but it makes the clean ritually impure (Num. 19:13, 21).

109.    It is a mitzvah to become ritually clean by ritual immersion (Lev. 15:16).

110.    To become cleansed of leprosy one must follow the specified procedures (Lev. 14:2).

111.    He must shave off all of his hair (Lev. 14:9).

112.    Until cleansed, the leper must be bareheaded with clothing in disarray so as to be easily distinguishable (Lev. 13:45).

113.    The ashes of the red heifer are to be used in the process of ritual purification (Num. 19:2-9).

Donations to the Temple

114.    If a person undertakes to give his own value to the Temple he must do so (Lev. 27:2-8).

115.    If a man declares an unclean beast as a donation to the Temple he must give the animal’s value in money as fixed by the priest (Lev. 27:11, 12).

116.    This is true concerning a house (Lev. 27:14). 117.    This is true concerning a field (Lev. 27:16, 22, 23).

118.    If one unwittingly derives benefits from Temple property, full restitution plus a fifth must be made (Lev. 5:16).

119.    The fruit of the fourth year’s growth of trees is holy and may be eaten only in Jerusalem (Lev. 19:24).

120.    In reaping a field one must leave the corners for the poor (Lev. 19:9). 121.    The gleanings also must be left (Lev. 19:9).

122.    The forgotten sheaves must also be left (Deut. 24:19).

123.    The misformed bunches of grapes must also be left (Lev. 19:10).

124.    The gleanings of the grapes must also be left (Lev. 19:10).

125.    The firstfruits must be separated and brought to the Temple (Ex. 23:19).

126.    The great heave offering (terumah) must be separated and given to the priest (Deut. 18:4).

127.    One must give one tenth of his produce to the Levites (Lev. 27:30; Num. 18:24).

128.    A second tithe is to be separated and eaten only in Jerusalem (Deut. 14:22).

129.    The Levites must give a tenth of their tithe to the priests (Num. 18:26).

130.    In the third and sixth years of the seven-year cycle one was to separate a tithe for the poor instead of the second tithe (Deut. 14:28).

131.    A declaration was to be recited when separating the various tithes (Deut. 26:13).

132.    This was also required when bringing the firstfruits to the Temple (Deut. 26:5).

133.    The first portion of the dough must be given to the priest (Num. 15:20).

The Sabbatical Year

134.    In the seventh year everything that grows is ownerless and available to all (Ex. 23:11).

135.    The fields were to be fallow and the ground was not to be tilled (Ex. 34:21).

136.    The jubilee year (fiftieth) was to be sanctified (Lev. 25:10).

137.    On the day of atonement the shafar was to be sounded and all Hebrew slaves set free (Lev. 25:9).

138.    In the jubilee year all land was to be returned to its ancestral owners (Lev. 25:24).

139.    In a walled city the seller had the right to buy back a house within a year of the sale (Lev. 25:29, 30).

140.    Starting from entry into the land of Israel, the years of the jubilee must be counted and announced yearly and septennially (Lev. 25:8).

141.    In the seventh year all debts are annulled (Deut. 15:3).

142.    However, one could collect upon a debt owed by a stranger (Deut. 15:3).

Concerning Animals for Consumption

143.    A priest must receive his share of a slaughtered animal (Deut. 18:3).

144.    He also is to receive the first of the fleece (Deut. 18:4).

145.    A herem (special vow) must distinguish between that which belongs to the Temple and that which goes to the priests (Lev. 27:21, 28).

146.    To be fit for consumption, beast and fowl must be slaughtered according to the law (Deut. 12:21).

147.    If they are not of a domesticated species, their blood must be covered with earth after slaughter (Lev. 17:13).

148.    The parent bird was to be set free when taking the nest (Deut. 22:7).

149.    Beasts to be examined to see if they were permitted for consumption (Lev. 11:2).

150.    The same was true for fowls (Deut. 14:11).

151.    The same was true for locusts (Lev. 11:21).

152.    The same was true for fish (Lev. 11:9).

153.    The Sanhedrin was to sanctify the first day of every month and reckon the years and the seasons (Ex. 12:2; Deut. 16:1).


154.    One was to rest on the Sabbath (Ex. 23:12).

155.    This day was to be declared holy at its onset and termination (Ex. 20:8).

156.    On the fourteenth of Nisan all leaven was to be removed from each household (Ex. 12:15).

157.    On the fifteenth of Nisan the Exodus account must be related (Ex. 13:8).

158.    During the fifteenth the mazzah is to be eaten (Ex. 12:18).

159.    On the first day of Passover one must rest (Ex. 12:16).

160.    On the seventh day of Passover one must also rest (Ex. 12:16).

161.    Starting from the day of the first sheaf (sixteenth of Nisan) one shall count forty-nine days (Lev. 23:35).

162.    One was to rest on the Shavvot (Lev. 23).

163.    One was to rest on Rosh Ha-Shanah (Lev. 23:24).

164.    On the day of atonement one must fast (Lev. 16:29).

165.    On the day of atonement one must rest (Lev. 16:29, 31).

166.    One must rest on the first day of Sukkot (Lev. 23:35).

167.    One must rest on the eighth day of Sukkot (Lev. 23:36).

168.    During the festival of Sukkot, Israel was to dwell in booths (Lev. 23:42).

169.    Four kinds of trees were to be included in the booth construction (Lev. 23:40).

170.    On Rosh Ha-Shanah the shofar was to be sounded (Num. 29:1).


171.    Every male was to give half a shekel to the Temple annually (Ex. 30:12, 13).

172.    A prophet was to be obeyed (Deut. 18:15).

173.    A king was to be appointed (Deut. 17:15).

174.    The Sanhedrin was to be obeyed (Deut. 17:11).

175.    In case of division, the majority opinion would prevail (Ex. 23:2).

176.    Judges and officials shall be appointed in every town (Deut. 16:18).

177.    They shall judge the people impartially (Lev. 19:15).

178.    Whoever is aware of evidence must come to the court to testify (Lev. 5:1).

179.    Witnesses shall be examined thoroughly (Deut. 13:15).

180.    False witnesses shall have done to them what they intended to do to the accused (Deut. 19:19).

181.    Each unsolved murder requires the sacrifice of a red heifer (Deut. 21:4).

182.    Six cities of refuge should be established (Deut. 19:3).

183.    The Levites shall be given cities to live in (Num. 35:2).

184.    A fence should be built around one’s roof to protect others from potential hazards (Deut. 22:8).


185.    Idolatry and its appurtenances must be destroyed (Deut. 7:5; 12:2).

186.    A city which has been perverted must be treated according to the law (Deut. 13:17).

187.    The seven Canaanite nations were to be destroyed (Deut. 20:17).

188.    The memory of Amalek was to be blotted out (Deut. 25:19).

189.    The deeds of Amalek were to be blotted out (Deut. 25:17).


190.    All regulations concerning war were to be observed (Deut. 20:11, 12).

191.    A priest was to be appointed for special duties in times of war (Deut. 20:2).

192.    The military camp was to be kept in a sanitary condition (Deut. 23:14, 15).

193.    Each soldier was to be equipped with the necessary implements to assure this (Deut. 23:14).


194.    Stolen property must be restored to its owners (Lev. 6:4).

195.    Give charity to the poor (Lev. 25:35, 36; Deut. 15:8).

196.    When a Hebrew slave goes free, the owner must give him gifts (Deut. 15:14).

197.    The poor were to receive loans without interest (Ex. 22:24).

198.    A loan with interest was permitted to foreigners (Deut. 23:21).

199.    Restore a pledge to its owner if he needs it (Ex. 22:25; Deut. 24:13).

200.    Pay the worker his wages on time (Deut. 24:15).

201.    He is also to be permitted to eat of the produce with which he is working (Deut. 23:24, 25).

202.    Help must be given to unload an animal when necessary (Ex. 23:5).

203.    Help must be given to load man or beast when necessary (Deut. 22:4).

204.    Lost property must be restored to its owner (Ex. 23:4; Deut. 22:1).

205.    It is required to reprove the sinner (Lev. 19:17).

206.    It is required to love one’s neighbor as oneself (Lev. 19:18).

207.    One must also love the proselyte (Deut. 10:19).

208.    Weights and measures must be accurate (Lev. 19:36).


209.    Respect the wise (Lev. 19:32).

210.    Honor one’s parents (Ex. 20:12).

211.    Fear one’s parents (Lev. 19:3).

212.    One should marry to perpetuate the human race (Gen. 1:28).

213.    Marriage is to be governed by the law (Deut. 24:1).

214.    A bridegroom is to rejoice with his bride for one year (Deut. 24:5).

215.    Male children must be circumcised (Gen. 17:10; Lev. 12:3).

216.    If a man dies childless his brother should marry his widow (Deut. 25:5).

217.    If not, he must then release her (halizah) (Deut. 25:9).

218.    He who violates a virgin must marry her and may never divorce her (Deut. 22:29).

219.    If a man unjustly accuses his wife of premarital promiscuity he shall be flogged, and may never divorce her (Deut. 22:18, 19).

220.    The seducer must be punished according to the law (Ex. 22:15-23).

221.    The female captive must be treated in accordance with her special regulations (Deut. 21:11).

222.    Divorce could be executed only by means of a written document (Deut. 24:1).

223.    A woman suspected of adultery had to submit to the required test (Num. 5:15-27).


224.    As required by the law, the punishment of flogging must be administered (Deut. 25:2).

225.    The one guilty of unwitting homicide must be exiled (Num. 35:25).

226.    Capital punishment may be by the sword (Ex. 21:20).

227.    It may also be by strangulation (Ex. 21:16).

228.    It may also be by fire (Lev. 20:14).

229.    It may also be by stoning (Deut. 22:24).

230.    In some cases the body of the executed shall be hanged (Deut. 21:22).

231.    In this case the body must be buried on the same day (Deut. 21:23).


232.    Hebrew slaves must be treated according to the special laws for them (Ex. 21:2).

233.    The master should marry his Hebrew maidservant (Ex. 21:8).

234.    If not, he must redeem her (Ex. 21:8).

235.    The alien slave must be treated according to the regulations applying to him (Lev. 25:46).


236.    The applicable law must be administered in the case of injury caused by a person (Ex. 21:18).

237.    This is true if injury is caused by an animal (Ex. 21:28).

238.    This is true if injury is caused by a pit (Ex. 21:33, 34).

239.    Thieves must be punished (Ex. 21:36–22:3).

240.    Judgment must be rendered in cases of trespass by cattle (Ex. 22:4).

241.    This is true also in cases of arson (Ex. 22:5).

242.    This is true also in cases of embezzlement by an unpaid guardian (Ex. 22:6-8).

243.    This is also true in claims against a paid guardian (Ex. 22:9-12).

244.    This is also true in claims against a hirer or a borrower (Ex. 22:13).

245.    This is also true in disputes arising out of sales (Lev. 25:14).

246.    This is also true concerning inheritance disputes (Ex. 22:8).

247.    This is true in all other matters (Deut. 25:12).

248.    The persecuted are to be rescued even if it means killing the oppressor (Num. 27:8).

The Prohibition Commandments


Idolatry and Related Practices

1.    One must not believe in any but the one true God (Ex. 20:3).

2.    Do not make images for yourself (Ex. 20:4).

3.    Do not make images for others to worship (Lev. 19:4).

4.    Do not make images for any purpose (Ex. 20:20).

5.    Do not bow down to any image (Ex. 20:5).

6.    Do not serve any image (Ex. 20:5).

7.    Do not sacrifice children to Molech (Lev. 18:21).

8.    Do not practice necromancy (Lev. 19:31).

9.    Do not resort to familiar spirits (Lev. 19:31).

10.    Do not take the mythology of idolatry seriously (Lev. 19:4).

11.    Do not construct a pillar even for the worship of God (Deut. 16:22).

12.    Do not construct a dais for the same purpose (Lev. 20:1).

13.    Do not plant trees in the Temple (Deut. 16:21).

14.    Do not swear by idols or instigate an idolater to do so (Ex. 23:13).

15.    Do not encourage idol worship even by non-Jews (Ex. 23:13).

16.    Do not encourage Jews to worship idols (Deut. 13:12).

17.    Do not listen to anyone who disseminates idolatry (Deut. 13:8).

18.    Do not withhold from hating him (Deut. 13:9).

19.    Do not pity such a person (Deut. 13:9).

20.    Do not defend such a person (Deut. 13:9).

21.    Do not attempt to conceal his crime (Deut. 13:9).

22.    It is forbidden to derive any benefit from the ornaments of idols (Deut. 7:25).

23.    Do not rebuild destroyed idols (Deut. 13:17).

24.    Do not enjoy any benefit from its wealth (Deut. 13:18).

25.    Do not use anything connected with idols or idolatry (Deut. 7:26).

26.    It is forbidden to prophesy in the name of idols (Deut. 18:20).

27.    It is forbidden to prophesy falsely in the name of God (Deut. 18:20).

28.    Do not listen to the one who prophesies for idols (Deut. 13:3, 4).

29.    Do not fear the false prophet nor hinder his execution by death (Deut. 18:22).

30.    Do not imitate the ways of idolaters or practice their customs (Lev. 20:23).

31.    Do not practice their customs (Lev. 19:26).

32.    Do not practice their soothsaying (Deut. 18:10).

33.    Do not practice their enchanting (Deut. 18:10, 11).

34.    Do not practice their sorcery (Deut. 18:10, 11).

35.    Do not practice their charming (Deut. 18:10, 11).

36.    Do not imitate their consulting of ghosts (Deut. 18:10, 11).

37.    Do not imitate their speaking to familiar spirits (Deut. 18:10, 11).

38.    Do not imitate their necromancy (Deut. 18:10, 11).

39.    Women are not to wear male clothing (Deut. 22:5).

40.    Men are not to wear female clothing (Deut. 22:5).

41.    Do not tattoo yourself in the manner of the idolaters (Lev. 19:28).

42.    Do not wear garments made of both wool and linen (Deut. 22:11).

43.    Do not shave the sides of your head (Lev. 19:27).

44.    Do not shave your beard (Lev. 19:27).

45.    Do not lacerate yourself over your dead (Lev. 19:28; Deut. 14:1; 16:1).

Prohibitions Resulting from Historical Events

46.    It is forbidden to return to Egypt and dwell there permanently (Deut. 17:16).

47.    Do not indulge in impure thoughts or sights (Num. 15:39).

48.    Do not make a pact with the seven Canaanite nations (Ex. 23:32).

49.    Do not save the life of any of them (Deut. 20:16).

50.    Do not show mercy to idolaters (Deut. 7:2). 51.    Do not permit them to dwell in Israel (Ex. 23:33).

52.    Do not intermarry with them (Deut. 7:3).

53.    A Jewess may not marry an Ammonite or Moabite even if he converts to Judaism (Deut. 23:4).

54.    One should not hate a descendant of Esau because of his genealogy (Deut. 23:8).

55.    One should not hate an Egyptian because of his genealogy (Deut. 23:8).

56.    Do not make peace with the Ammonite or Moabite nations (Deut. 23:7).

57.    Fruit trees are forbidden to be destroyed even in times of war (Deut. 20:19).

58.    Do not fear your enemy (Deut. 7:21).

59.    Do not forget the evil done by Amalek (Deut. 25:19).


60.    Do not blaspheme the holy name (Lev. 24:16).

61.    Do not break an oath made by his holy name (Lev. 19:12).

62.    Do not take God’s name in vain (Ex. 20:7).

63.    Do not profane it (Lev. 22:32).

64.    Do not try the Lord God (Deut. 6:16).

65.    Do not erase God’s name from the holy texts or destroy institutions devoted to his worship (Deut. 12:4).

66.    Do not allow the body of one hanged to remain so overnight (Deut. 21:23).


67.    Be not lax in guarding the Temple. (Num. 18:5).

68.    The high priest must not enter the Temple indiscriminately (Lev. 16:2).

69.    A priest with a physical blemish may not enter there at all (Lev. 21:23).

70.    He cannot serve there even if the blemish is of a temporary nature (Lev. 21:17).

71.    He may not participate in the service there until it has passed (Lev. 21:18).

72.    The Levites and the priests must not interchange in their functions (Num. 18:3).

73.    Intoxicated persons may not enter the sanctuary or teach the law (Lev. 10:9-11).

74.    It is forbidden for non-priests to serve in the Temple (Num. 18:4).

75.    This is also true for unclean priests (Lev. 22:2).

76.    This is also true for priests who have performed the necessary ablution but are still within the time limit of their uncleanness (Lev. 21:6).

77.    No unclean person may enter the Temple (Num. 5:3).

78.    No unclean person may enter the Temple mount (Deut. 23:11).

79.    The altar must not be made of hewn stones (Ex. 20:25).

80.    The ascent leading to it must not be by steps (Ex. 20:26).

81.    The fire on it may not be extinguished (Lev. 6:6).

82.    Nothing but the specified incense may be burned on the golden altar (Ex. 30:9).

83.    Regular oil cannot be manufactured with the same ingredients as that of anointing oil (Ex. 30:32).

84.    Anointing oil cannot be misused (Ex. 30:32).

85.    Regular incense cannot be used on the golden altar (Ex. 30:37).

86.    Do not remove the staves from the ark (Ex. 25:15).

87.    Do not remove the breastplate from the ephod (Ex. 28:28).

88.    Do not make any incision in the upper garment of the high priest (Ex. 28:32).


89.    Do not offer sacrifices outside the Temple (Deut. 12:13).

90.    Do not slaughter consecrated animals outside the Temple (Lev. 17:3, 4).

91.    Do not sanctify a blemished animal (Lev. 22:20).

92.    Do not slaughter a blemished animal (Lev. 22:22).

93.    Do not sprinkle the blood of a blemished animal (Lev. 22:24).

94.    Do not burn the inner parts of a blemished animal (Lev. 22:22).

95.    Do not do any of the above even if the blemish is of a temporary nature (Deut. 17:1).

96.    Do not even allow a Gentile to offer such an animal (Lev. 22:25).

97.    Do not inflict a blemish on an animal consecrated for sacrifice (Lev. 22:21).

98.    Leaven or honey may not be offered on the altar (Lev. 2:11).

99.    Nothing unsalted may be offered on the altar (Lev. 2:13).

100.    An animal received as the hire of a harlot or as the price of a dog may not be offered (Deut. 23:19).

101.    Do not kill an animal and its young on the same day (Lev. 22:28).

102.    It is forbidden to use olive oil in the sin offering (Lev. 5:11).

103.    The same is true with frankincense (Lev. 5:11).

104.    Do not use olive oil in the jealousy offering (Num. 5:15).

105.    Do not use frankincense in the jealousy offering (Num. 5:15).

106.    Do not substitute sacrifices (Lev. 27:10).

107.    Do not take from one category and give to the other (Lev. 27:26).

108.    Do not redeem the firstborn of permitted animals (Num. 18:17).

109.    Do not sell the tithe of the herd (Lev. 27:33).

110.    Do not sell a field consecrated by the herem vow (Lev. 27:28).

111.    Do not redeem a field consecrated by the herem vow (Lev. 27:28).

112.    In slaughtering a bird for a sin offering, do not split its head (Lev. 5:8).

113.    Do not work with a consecrated animal (Deut. 15:19).

114.    Do not shear a consecrated animal (Deut. 15:19).

115.    Do not slaughter the paschal lamb while there is still leaven about (Ex. 34:25).

116.    Do not leave overnight those parts that are to be offered up (Ex. 23:10).

117.    Do not leave overnight those parts that are to be eaten (Ex. 12:10).

118.    Do not leave any part of the festive offering until the third day (Deut. 16:4).

119.    Do not leave any part of the second paschal lamb (Num. 9:13).

120.    Do not leave the thanksgiving offering until the morning (Lev. 22:30).

121.    Do not break a bone of the first paschal lamb (Ex. 12:46).

122.    Do not break a bone of the second lamb (Num. 9:12).

123.    Do not carry their flesh out of the house where it is being eaten (Ex. 12:46).

124.    Do not allow the remains of the meal offering to become leaven (Lev. 6:10).

125.    Do not eat the paschal lamb raw or sodden (Ex. 12:9).

126.    Do not allow an alien resident to eat of it (Ex. 12:45).

127.    Do not allow an uncircumcised person to eat of it (Ex. 12:48).

128.    Do not allow an apostate to eat of it (Ex. 12:43).

129.    A ritually unclean person must not eat of holy things (Lev. 12:4).

130.    Holy things which have become unclean must not be eaten (Lev. 7:19).

131.    Sacrificial meat which is left after the time-limit cannot be eaten (Lev. 19:6-8).

132.    Meat slaughtered with the wrong intentions cannot be eaten (Lev. 7:18).

133.    The heave offering cannot be eaten by a non-priest (Lev. 22:10).

134.    Neither can a priest’s sojourner or hired worker eat it (Rev. 22:10).

135.    Neither can an uncircumcised person eat it (Lev. 22:10).

136.    Neither can an unclean priest eat it (Lev. 22:4).

137.    The daughter of a priest who is married to a non-priest may not eat of holy things (Lev. 22:12).

138.    The meal offering of the priest must not be eaten (Lev. 6:16).

139.    The flesh of the sin offering sacrificed within the sanctuary may not be eaten (Lev. 6:23).

140.    Consecrated animals which have become blemished cannot be eaten (Deut. 14:3).

141.    Do not eat the second tithe of corn (Deut 12:17).

142.    Do not drink the second tithe of wine (Deut. 12:17).

143.    Do not eat the second tithe of oil (Deut. 12:17).

144.    Do not eat unblemished firstlings outside Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17).

145.    The priests may not eat the sin-offerings or the trespass-offerings outside the Temple courts (Deut. 12:17).

146.    Do not eat the flesh of the burnt offerings at all (Deut. 12:17).

147.    The lighter sacrifices may not be eaten before the blood has been sprinkled (Deut. 12:17).

148.    A non-priest may not eat of the holiest sacrifices (Deut. 12:17).

149.    A priest may not eat the firstfruits outside the Temple courts (Ex. 29:33).

150.    One may not eat the second tithe while in the state of impurity (Deut. 26:14).

151.    One may also not do this if in the state of mourning. (Deut. 26:14).

152.    Its redemption money may not be used for anything other than food and drink (Deut. 26:14).

153.    Do not eat untithed produce (Lev. 22:15).

154.    Do not change the order of separating the various tithes (Ex. 22:28).

155.    Do not delay payment of offerings, either freewill or obligatory (Deut. 23:22).

156.    Do not come to the Temple on the pilgrim festivals without an offering (Ex. 23:15).

157.    Do not break your word (Num. 30:3).


158.    A priest may not marry a harlot (Lev. 21:7).

159.    He may not marry a profane woman (Lev. 21:7).

160.    He may not marry a divorcee (Lev. 21:7).

161.    The high priest cannot marry a widow (Lev. 21:14).

162.    He cannot take a concubine (Lev. 21:15).

163.    Priests cannot enter the sanctuary with overgrown hair of the head (Lev. 10:6).

164.    They must not enter the sanctuary with torn clothing (Lev. 10:6).

165.    They must not leave the courtyard during the Temple service (Lev. 10:7).

166.    An ordinary priest may not render himself ritually impure except for those relatives specified (Lev. 21:1).

167.    The high priest cannot become impure for anybody (Lev. 21:11).

168.    He cannot become impure for any reason (Lev. 21:11).

169.    The tribe of Levi shall have no part in the division of the land of Israel (Deut. 18:1).

170.    The tribe of Levi shall not partake of the spoils of war (Deut. 18:1).

171.    It is forbidden to make oneself bald as a sign of mourning for one’s dead (Deut. 14:1).

Dietary Laws

172.    A Jew may not eat unclean cattle (Deut. 14:7).

173.    He may not eat unclean fish (Lev. 11:11).

174.    He may not eat unclean fowl (Lev. 11:13).

175.    He may not eat creeping things that fly (Deut. 14:19).

176.    He may not eat creatures that creep upon the ground (Lev. 11:41).

177.    He may not eat reptiles (Lev. 11:44).

178.    He may not eat worms found in fruit or produce (Lev. 11:42).

179.    He may not eat any detestable creature (Lev. 11:43).

180.    He cannot eat an animal that has died naturally (Deut. 14:21).

181.    He cannot eat a torn or mauled animal (Ex. 22:30).

182.    He cannot eat any limb taken from a living animal (Deut. 12:23).

183.    He cannot eat the sinew of the thigh (Gen. 32:32).

184.    He cannot eat blood (Lev. 7:26).

185.    He cannot eat a certain type of fat (Lev. 7:23).

186.    It is forbidden to cook meat together with milk (Ex. 23:19).

187.    It is forbidden to eat of such a mixture (Ex. 34:26).

188.    One cannot eat an ox condemned to stoning (Ex. 21:28).

189.    One may not eat bread made of new corn itself before the omer offering has been brought on the sixteenth of Nisan (Lev. 23:14).

190.    One may not eat of roasted corn until the omer has been offered (Lev. 23:14).

191.    One may not eat of green corn (Lev. 23:14).

192.    One may not eat orlah (Lev. 19:23).

193.    One may not eat the growth of mixed planting in the vineyard (Deut. 22:9).

194.    Any use of wine libations to idols is prohibited (Deut. 32:38).

195.    Gluttony and drunkenness is prohibited (Lev. 19:26; Deut. 21:20).

196.    It is forbidden to eat anything on the day of atonement (Lev. 23:29).

197.    One may not eat leaven (hamez) during the Passover (Ex. 13:3).

198.    One may not eat anything containing an admixture of such during the Passover (Ex. 13:20).

199.    One may not eat leaven the day before the Passover (Deut. 16:3).

200.    During the Passover no leaven may be seen in one’s possession (Ex. 13:7).

201.    During the Passover no leaven may be found in one’s possession (Ex. 12:19).


202.    A Nazarite may not drink wine or any beverage made from grapes (Num. 6:3).

203.    He may not eat fresh grapes (Num. 6:3).

204.    He may not eat dried grapes (Num. 6:3).

208.    He may not eat grape seeds (Num. 6:4). 206.    He may not eat grape peel (Num. 6:4).

207.    He may not render himself ritually impure for his dead (Num. 6:7).

208.    He may not enter a tent in which there is a corpse (Lev. 21:11).

209.    He must not shave his hair (Num. 6:5).


210.    One cannot reap the whole of a field without leaving the corners for the poor (Lev. 23:22).

211.    Do not gather up the ears of corn that fall during reaping or during harvest (Lev. 19:9).

212.    Do not gather the misformed clusters of grapes (Lev. 19:10).

213.    Do not gather the grapes that fall (Lev. 19:10).

214.    Do not return to take a forgotten sheaf (Deut. 24:19).

215.    Do not sow different species of seed together (Lev. 19:19).

216.    Do not sow corn in a vineyard (Deut. 22:9).

217.    Do not crossbreed different species of animals (Lev. 19:19).

218.    Do not work with two different species yoked together (Deut. 22:10).

219.    Do not muzzle an animal working in a field to prevent it from eating (Deut. 25:4).

220.    Do not till the earth in the seventh year (Lev. 25:4).

221.    Do not prune trees in the seventh year (Lev. 25:4).

222.    Do not reap (in the usual manner) produce in the seventh year (Lev. 25:5).

223.    Do not reap fruit in the seventh year (Lev. 25:5).

224.    Do not till the earth or prune trees in the jubilee year (Lev. 25:11).

225.    Do not harvest produce in the jubilee year (Lev. 25:11).

226.    Do not harvest fruit in the jubilee year (Lev. 25:11).

227.    One may not sell one’s landed inheritance in the land of Israel permanently (Lev. 25:23).

228.    One may not change the lands of the Levites (Lev. 25:33).

229.    One may not leave the Levites without support (Deut. 12:19).

Loans, Business, and the Treatment of Slaves

230.    One cannot demand repayment of a loan after the seventh year (Deut. 15:2).

231.    One may however refuse to lend to the poor because that year is approaching (Deut. 15:9).

232.    Do not deny charity to the poor (Deut. 15:7).

233.    Do not send a Hebrew slave away empty-handed when he finishes his period of service (Deut. 15:13).

234.    Do not dun a debtor when you know he cannot pay (Ex. 22:24).

235.    Do not lend to another Jew at interest (Lev. 25:37).

236.    Do not borrow from another Jew at interest (Deut. 23:20).

237.    Do not participate in an agreement involving interest either as a guarantor, witness, or writer of the contract (Ex. 22:24).

238.    Do not delay payment of wages (Lev. 19:13).

239.    Do not take a pledge from a debtor by violence (Deut. 24:10).

240.    Do not keep a poor man’s pledge when he needs it (Deut. 24:12).

241.    Do not take any pledge from a widow (Deut. 24:17).

242.    Do not take a pledge from any debtor if he earns his living with it (Deut. 24:6).

243.    Kidnaping a Jew is forbidden (Ex. 20:13).

244.    Do not steal (Lev. 19:11).

245.    Do not rob by violence (Lev. 19:13).

246.    Do not remove a landmark (Deut. 19:14).

247.    Do not defraud (Lev. 19:13).

248.    Do not deny receipt of a loan or a deposit (Lev. 19:11).

249.    Do not swear falsely regarding another man’s property (Lev. 19:11).

250.    Do not deceive anybody in business (Lev. 25:14).

251.    Do not mislead a man even verbally (Lev. 25:17).

252.    Do not harm a stranger verbally (Ex. 22:20).

253.    Do not do him injury in trade (Ex. 22:20).

254.    Do not return a runaway slave who has fled to the land of Israel to his master (Deut. 23:16).

255.    Do not take any advantage of such a slave (Deut. 23:17).

256.    Do not afflict the widow or the orphan (Ex. 22:21).

257.    Do not misuse a Hebrew slave (Lev. 25:39).

258.    Do not sell a Hebrew slave (Lev. 25:42).

259.    Do not treat him cruelly (Lev. 25:43).

260.    Do not allow a heathen to mistreat him (Lev. 25:53).

261.    Do not sell your Hebrew maidservant (Ex. 21:8).

262.    If you marry her, do not withhold food, clothing, and conjugal rights from her (Ex. 21:10).

263.    Do not sell a female captive (Deut. 21:14).

264.    Do not treat her as a slave (Deut. 21:14).

265.    Do not covet another man’s possessions (Ex. 20:17).

266.    Even the desire alone is forbidden (Deut. 8:18).

267.    A worker must not cut down standing corn during his work (Deut. 23:25).

268.    He must not take more fruit than he can eat (Deut. 23:25).

269.    One must not keep a lost article he has found (Deut. 22:3).

270.    One cannot refuse to help a man or an animal which is collapsing under its burden (Ex. 23:5).

271.    It is forbidden to defraud with weights and measures (Lev. 19:35).

272.    It is forbidden to possess inaccurate weights (Deut. 25:13).


273.    A judge must not perpetrate injustice (Lev. 19:15). 274.    He must not accept bribes (Ex. 23:8).

275.    He must not be partial (Lev. 19:15). 276.    He must not be afraid (Deut. 1:17).

277.    He may not favor the poor (Ex. 23:3; Lev. 19:15).

278.    He may not discriminate against the wicked (Ex. 23:6).

279.    He shall not pity the condemned (Deut. 19:13).

280.    He shall not pervert the judgment of strangers or orphans (Deut. 24:17).

281.    It is forbidden to hear one litigant without the other being present (Ex. 23:1).

282.    A capital case cannot be decided by a majority of one (Ex. 23:2).

283.    A judge should not accept another judge’s opinion unless he is convinced of its correctness (Ex. 23:2).

284.    One ignorant of the law cannot be appointed as a judge (Deut. 1:17).

285.    Do not give false testimony (Ex. 20:16).

286.    Do not accept testimony from a wicked person (Ex. 23:1).

287.    Do not accept testimony from relatives of a person involved in the case (Deut. 24:16).

288.    Do not pronounce judgment on the basis of the testimony of one witness (Deut. 19:15).

289.    Do not murder (Ex. 20:13).

290.    Do not convict on circumstantial evidence alone (Ex. 23:7).

291.    A witness must not sit as a judge in capital cases (Num. 35:30).

292.    Do not execute anybody without proper trial and conviction (Num. 35:12).

293.    Do not pity or spare the pursuer (Deut. 25:12).

294.    Punishment is not to be inflicted for an act committed under duress (Deut. 22:26).

295.    Do not accept ransom for a murderer (Num. 35:31).

296.    Do not accept ransom for a manslayer (Num. 35:32).

297.    Do not hesitate to save another person from danger (Lev. 19:16).

298.    Do not leave a stumblingblock in the way (Deut. 22:8).

299.    Do not mislead another person by giving wrong advice (Lev. 19:14).

300.    Do not tell tales (Lev. 19:16).

301.    It is forbidden to administer more than the assigned number of lashes to the guilty (Deut. 25:2, 3)

302.    Do not bear hatred in your heart (Lev. 19:17).

303.    Do not shame a Jew (Lev. 19:17).

304.    Do not bear a grudge (Lev. 19:18).

305.    Do not take revenge (Lev. 19:18).

306.    Do not take the dam when you take the young birds (Deut. 22:6).

307.    Do not shave a leprous scall (Lev. 13:33).

308.    Do not remove other signs of that affliction (Deut. 24:8).

309.    Do not cultivate a valley in which a slain body was found (Deut. 21:4).

310.    Do not suffer a witch to live (Ex. 22:17).

311.    Do not force a bridegroom to perform military service during the first year of his marriage (Deut. 24:5).

312.    Do not rebel against the transmitters of the tradition of the law (Deut. 17:11).

313.    Do not add to the precepts of the law (Deut. 13:1).

314.    Do not subtract from the precepts of the law (Deut. 13:1).

315.    Do not curse a judge (Ex. 22:27).

316.    Do not curse a ruler (Ex. 22:27).

317.    Do not curse any Jew (Lev. 19:14).

318.    Do not curse a parent (Ex. 21:17).

319.    Do not strike a parent (Ex. 21:15).

320.    Do not work on the Sabbath (Ex. 20:10).

321.    Do not walk further than the permitted limits (Ex. 16:29).

322.    Do not inflict punishment on the Sabbath (Ex. 35:3).

323.    Do not work on the first day of the Passover (Ex. 12:16).

324.    Do not work on the seventh day of the Passover (Ex. 12:16).

325.    Do not work on the Shavuot (Lev. 23:21).

326.    Do not work on Rosh Ha-Shanah (Lev. 23:25).

327.    Do not work on the first day of Sukkot (Lev. 23:35).

328.    Do not work on the eighth day of Sukkot (Lev. 23:36).

329.    Do not work on the day of atonement (Lev. 23:28).

Incest and Other Forbidden Relationships

330.    It is forbidden to have sexual relations with one’s mother (Lev. 18:7).

331.    This is true also with one’s step-mother (Lev. 18:8).

332.    This is true with one’s sister (Lev. 18:9).

333.    This is true with one’s step-sister (Lev. 18:11).

334.    This is true with a daughter-in-law (Lev. 18:10).

335.    This is true with a granddaughter (Lev. 18:10).

336.    This is true with a daughter (Lev. 18:10).

337.    This is also forbidden between mother and daughter (Lev. 18:17).

338.    It is forbidden between a mother and her daughter-in-law (Lev. 18:17).

339.    It is forbidden between a grandmother and her granddaughter (Lev. 18:17).

340.    It is forbidden between nephew and aunt (Lev. 18:12).

341.    It is forbidden between niece and aunt (Lev. 18:13).

342.    It is forbidden with one’s paternal uncle’s wife (Lev. 18:14).

343.    It is forbidden with one’s daughter-in-law (Lev. 18:15).

344.    It is forbidden with one’s brother’s wife (Lev. 18:16).

345.    It is forbidden with one’s wife’s sister (Lev. 18:18).

346.    It is forbidden to have sexual relations with a menstruous woman (Lev. 18:19).

347.    Do not commit adultery (Lev. 18:20).

348.    A man shall not have sexual relations with an animal (Lev. 18:23).

349.    A woman shall not have sexual relations with an animal (Lev. 18:23).

350.    Homosexuality is forbidden (Lev. 18:22).

351.    Homosexuality is forbidden with one’s father (Lev. 18:7).

352.    Homosexuality is forbidden with one’s uncle (Lev. 15:14).

353.    It is forbidden to have any intimate physical contact with anyone except one’s own wife (Lev. 18:6).

354.    A mamzer may not marry a Jewess (Deut. 23:3).

355.    Harlotry is forbidden (Deut. 23:18). 356.    A divorcée may not be remarried to her first husband if, in the meanwhile, she has married another (Deut. 24:4).

357.    A childless widow may not marry anybody other than her late husband’s brother (Deut. 25:5).

358.    A man may not divorce a wife whom he married after having raped her (Deut. 22:29).

359.    This is also true if he has slandered her (Deut. 22:19).

360.    An eunuch may not marry a Jewess (Deut. 23:2).

361.    Castration is forbidden (Lev. 22:24).

The Monarchy

362.    An elected king must be of the seed of Israel (Deut. 17:15).

363.    He must not accumulate an excess number of horses (Deut. 17:16).

364.    He must not multiply unto himself many wives (Deut. 17:17).

365.    He must not multiply unto himself much wealth (Deut. 17:17).


Some Points to Ponder

This section’s purpose is to highlight certain statements scholars and archaeologists say and respond in an annotated manner. These comments will come from different sources which will be listed so the reader can seek out the full work and read the context from which the quotes were taken.
Unlike the Food for Thought section, these response will be very directed and to the point without any excess verbiage. There will be no ‘filler’ comments to waste time or misdirect the reader’s attention and concentration.

1. The Garden of Eden by Dr. Eric Cline

“Many scholars would agree that it is only when we get into periods marked by the invention of writing (that is, after 3000 b.c.) that we have any hope of corroborating the biblical accounts. This means that the stories presented in the first chapters of Genesis may be more difficult to corroborate than stories that appear later in Genesis and certainly much harder to corroborate than stories that appear in the other books of the Hebrew Bible”

Finding the location of the Garden of Eden will be an impossibility but because the secular academic world refuses to accept Noah’s global flood they keep trying. In Gen. 6:13 God tells Noah that He is going to destroy both the living things and the earth. This would include the Garden of Eden and the 4 rivers that flowed out from it.

We know that God did that because of the recent publication of research which has discovered many cities and monuments buried beneath the seas. Not only were the cities destroyed but the geography was changed as well via the upheavel that came with the flood. It is a pointless search to try and locate pre-flood locations because nothing was left to attest to their existence, including the Garden of Eden, save for the Bible. Thus it requires faith to accept their creation and most academics do not want faith they want sources and evidence.

2. Forget about Noah’s Ark; There Was No Worldwide Flood by Dr. Robert Cargill

“The worldwide flood described in Genesis 6-9 is not historical, but rather a combination of at least two flood stories, both of which descended from earlier Mesopotamian flood narratives”

Yet he was not there to see what really took place. This is the problem with most academics, they refuse to believe something because it doesn’t involve science. Well science is not the field that God said to use when it came to His word. He said ‘use faith’ because He knew that the travel through human time would destroy much evidence for the flood.

These same academics who dismiss the historicity of Noah’s flood do so even though much evidence has been uncovered to show that there was. (See Noah’s flood section) We do not need the ark to confirm the biblical record and the author of that quote has no evidence that the biblical authors copied from other sources. Instead, those flood myths from secular societies were copied down because the very real and biblical flood was still impressed upon their memory. We even have record of ancient post-flood people settling on high ground because of flood fears. It was historical and real.

3. Ibid

“In order to even entertain the possibility of a worldwide flood, one has to bypass all laws of physics, exit the realm of science, and enter into the realm of the miraculous”

Academics fear the miraculous because their test tubes and artifacts cannot follow. They are comfortable with the realm of science because it means that they are in charge not God and they get to say what did or did not happen. They like control thus they dismiss anything that removes that authority and control from their grasp.

Secular science is designed to follow the wrong path which goes in the wrong direction to the wrong answers because they do not want God part of the picture. If they include God then they have to include the book of Revelation which tells of their eternal destination and they do not want to think about the coming judgment.

The flood does not bypass the laws of physics and it was not a scientific event, it was a judgment with a big lesson for all and the secular academic world doesn’t like not being the final authority, they want to be the supreme being but they can’t so they omit the supernatural at every opportunity but like the elephant in the room, the supernatural always has a presence to remind them that they are not in charge and in need of a Saviour.

4. The Genesis Factor: Myths & realities ed. By Ron Bagalke Jr. (a book, no link) pg. 228

“So young earth creationism is not a comfortable position to hold, especially for scientists or ambitious students and it would be tempting either to give it up…or else just to say it really does not matter how or when God created…as long as we believe that He is our Creator…But it does matter.”

One of the things that bothers me about evangelicals and conservatives is that they automatically take the immediate opposite side of an argument simply because the non-believer or liberal takes the other side. Sometimes the secular or cult world has some of the truth if they didn’t they would not be able to deceive others into following their teachings.

This is one of those cases where the YEC takes a position when it is not totally correct. A believer should be a Biblicist not an ideologist and side with the Bible. Does it matter how the earth and universe was created—yes, simply because God told us how He did it. Does it matter when He created everything? NO, simply because God did not tell us when He created.

Two things: A. The Bible simply says in Gen. 1:1 “IN the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” Basically by stating it that way God is telling us that fighting over the age of the universe is a distraction from the important details of creation. Those details are  God created and He did it in 6 24 hour days.

B. The heavens and earth were created BEFORE human time (Gen. 1:3)was making it very impossible to put a date upon the initial creative act. What God has hidden no man can find out and that is done for a reason so believers , and the rest, will focus on God and His who He is.

Does this mean that Christians can believe the old earth creation theories? Of course not for the details of creation came after human time was put into place. The order found in Genesis one has a purpose and there is no room for evolution, progressive creationism nor theistic evolution.

Those who advocate those three aspects of origins do so because they have rejected God’s word and sought their own solutions. They have made a choice to put science over God and that is where they go wrong. The believer puts God over science because God was there and science was not.

5. Ibid. contribution by T. Mortenson pg. 45

“The other closely related lesson was that the Church will make big mistakes if it tries to tell scientists what to believe about the world.”

This is included because it deals with heliocentric ideas and sadly because of the misguided early Roman catholic leaders the atheist has had much material in criticizing and condemning the Church .

These problems arise in the modern church as well as church history simply because misguided people failed to learn from the Holy Spirit what the Bible really teaches. The Bible never taught that the sun revolved around the earth, just like it doesn’t teach that the world is flat (4 corners of the globe).

People who were church leaders simply did not follow the Holy Spirit to the truth and made big fools of themselves because their misguided thinking led them in the wrong direction. They have and are causing a lot of problems for the Church today because the simply do not research with the aid of the Holy Spirit. Also, they want their church ideology not the truth.

The Church can tell scientists what to believe about the earth and if the scientist is honest he will see that their observations will back up those words. But the church has to be honest with itself first and get on the same page as God’s word and see what it really teaches.

6. Did God Have a Wife by Dr. Wm. Dever (a book) pgs. ix & 83.

“This is a book that, although it hopes to be true to the facts we know, does not attempt objectivity; for that is impossible and perhaps even undesirable…And not since the death of 19th century positivism have any respectable historians been naïve enough to think that they could be entirely objective.”

The secular academic world calls for objectivity all the time. When debating against the believer they claim that the latter’s words are not valid because they do not have any objectivity. They also claim that good science is done objectively. Both are logical fallacies because objectivity, not only shown by Dr. Dever’s words above but also God when He says there are only 2 sides to the issue, cannot be obtained.

Even the secular scientist has his own agenda and influences that taint his or her research or experiments. For the secular scientist comes from the unbelieving part of the world and that state of unbelief reflects greatly in their work and how the make the rules to follow for their work.

Secular science is designed to look for natural answers and that construction immediately tells the believer that no objectivity is involved in their pursuit of answers. (Though they now claim that science is not about answers; which brings to the believers mind the question—then what good is secular science?)

Without objectivity or answers all the secular scientist is doing is practicing brainwashing and censorship. The answers are there but because they do not want God or the supernatural as part of the equation they suppress both to derive the result they want, rendering their work tainted and ruined because they cannot follow their own rules.

The quoted words above undermined because of the double standard employed by the unbelieving academic world (and other unbelievers). On page 71 of the same book we find these words of Dr. Dever’s: “The perspective of all the biblical writers is a factor that limits their usefulness in another regard. It is no exaggeration to say that all the biblical literature…constitutes what is essentially propaganda. The writers make no pretense to objectivity.”

Thus we see that the secularist refuses to live by the rules they place upon the Bible and its writers. Christians do not follow secular rules, they follow God’s thus we do not have to be objective but preach and teach the truth regardless of the complaints of the secularist.

7. Two Burials of Jesus of Nazareth and The Talpiot Yeshua Tomb by Dr. James Tabor

“One must assume that the corpse was taken and reburied, perhaps as soon as the Sabbath was over just after sundown Saturday night”

The very problem with those words and the idea of the disciples re-burying Jesus’ body is found in Mat. 27:62-66. The passage talks about the guard that was placed on the tomb to ensure that the disciples did not spirit the body away. The passage states that it was the next day the chief priests and Pharisees approached Pilate concerning Jesus’ words about rising again on the third day.

They got the guard and secured the tomb thinking they stopped the disciples from stealing the body on the third day and proclaiming Jesus’s words true and that he kept His prophecy.

The guards only had to remain until the fourth day to make sure Jesus lied and his disciples thwarted. BUT in Mat. 28:2-4 we read that the guards were eye-witnesses to the resurrection and could not stop Jesus’ rising. They also reported everything that took place (v. 12) to the chief priests, which gives us the record that Jesus’ enemies knew the truth and could not refute it later when Jesus was seen by many witnesses.

There was no possible way for the disciples to have removed the body and because of the soldiers and other eye-witnesses to the resurrection there are NO 1st century works that refute its historicity or provides evidence to counter the gospels. The enemies of Jesus knew it took place and was real. They could not deny it but once the last eye-witnesses were dead, then we have the rise in attacks on the historical resurrection.

8. Regarding Magness and Talpiot by Kevin Kilty & Mark Elliott

“All the Gospels agree that Jesus’ body is missing from the initial burial tomb. The tomb is empty in all the Gospel versions. And there is no record of anyone witnessing the resurrection. We have no records from the first century that indicate whether Jesus’ final burial tomb is known or unknown.”

The bolded words highlight the position of many secular scholars. They do not accept the Bible as a historical document nor a valid source for biblical matters or the history of Israel.

They are wrong of course as the Bible is an ancient document, written from as early as the 14th century BC approx. to 100 AD (from Moses to the Apostle John). The secular world would not take the same stance with the History of Thucydides or Herodotus as: “The History of Thucydides (c. 460-400 BC) is known to us from eight mss., the earliest belonging to c. AD 900, and a few papyrus scraps belong to about the early christian era. The same is true of the History of Herodotus (c. 488-428 BC). Yet NO classical scholar would listen to an argument that the authenticity of Herodotus or Thucydides is in doubt because the earliest mss. of their works which are of any use to us are over 1,300 years LATER than the originals.” (Capitalization mine) {taken from The New Testament Documents: Are They Reliable by F.F. Bruce pg. 11}

The double standard doesn’t just apply to objectivity by in authenticity as well. There is no reason to doubt that the Bible is not a historical work or ancient document. It is the bias of the unbelieving world which seeks to have it removed from contention and influence on their work regarding Israel’s history and Jesus’ life.

The believer knows that God does not lie which means we can trust all the words of the Bible and its recording of history.

9. The Distortion of Archaeology and What We Can Do About It: A Brief Note on Progress Made and Yet To Be Made by Dr. Eric Cline

“We find similar situations every year in archaeology, for the junk science which is practiced by many pseudo-archaeologists and amateur enthusiasts (against which I have railed elsewhere) not only cannot withstand serious scrutiny, but in many cases the “results” themselves are not really results in the first place. However, when gratuitous claims of amazing finds, especially concerning Noah’s Ark, the Ark of the Covenant, and Sodom and Gomorrah, are first made, they are featured prominently in the media, but subsequent rebuttals are given little or no attention”

Dr. Cline has turned himself into a real whiner and doesn’t understand real life. He doesn’t get the fact that this is not a perfect world and that there are people out there trying to draw attention to themselves in many different ways. He also does not get the fact that there will always be abusers of research fields and religions. The sin nature leads people to many weird and horrific acts and archaeology will never be immune to such people.

The Bible tells us that false teachers will abound but Dr. Cline seems to have skipped that part as he takes to ranting against those he has no control over. He reminds me of a jealous elitist who wants to censor who gets to do what job and how they do it. Since the majority of 20th century discoveries has come from non-professionals it is easy to see why Dr. Cline is so upset. He is not making any profound discoveries and the fame given to amateurs escapes him.

Those amateurs also demonstrates that the professional cannot be everywhere at once thus the field of archaeology is too immense for them. They need help but instead of welcoming and instructing those amateurs, Dr. Cline acts like a spoiled baby stamping his feet whenever things do not go his way. He is like the boy who wants to take his ball and go home when others do not want to play by his rules.

Archaeology is not owned by anyone thus those who wish to participate in the field can do so, no matter how Dr Cline and others feel about it. They do not get to say who can do what as they do not have the authority nor ownership of any research field in existence.

He follows up those quoted words above with the following: “As many already know, I had reached the breaking point after doing research for my book From Eden to Exile: Unraveling Mysteries of the Bible and becoming incensed at the amount of misinformation that was being published by amateur enthusiasts and pseudo-archaeologists on the Internet and elsewhere.”

If you have read his book you will note that he is one of those who spreads misinformation on the internet and elsewhere. He follows the idea that if their isn’t real evidence for a location or event then it did not happen or exist and that is wrong. K. A. Kitchen stated an oft quoted comment: “The absence of evidence is not evidence for absence.” In other words, just because there is no physical evidence for something doesn’t mean it did not exist or take place.

God said to use faith not physical evidence for one’s belief, Dr. Cline doesn’t follow that instruction and leads people to the wrong information and conclusions. God knows that is followers need their faith supported thus He provides bits and pieces of physical evidence to do just that. We cannot expect more because then God would destroy what He says pleases Him. Too much physical evidence would destroy faith and that will never take place because faith is always part of the equation when it comes to the Bible and its content.

People like Dr. Cline should just shut up and concentrate on their work for they do not have the right to limit what others do in their lives. He really complains about himself when he rants against amateurs and pseudo-archaeologists. The true christian will have the Holy Spirit guiding them so they can work around those who give false reports and they will be able to find & print the truth even though people like Dr. Cline will get angry and call them names.

Dr. Cline is an exclusionist. Only those he approves of get to play in the sandbox and that is wrong. He is lazy also as he does not want the truth nor wants to search it out. The Christian cannot be so slothful for too much is at risk.

10. The Moses Myth, Beyond Biblical History by Brian Britt

“The Moses myth is so widespread that writing about him entails writing about culture. Recent books on the Moses myth include Dale Allison’s The New Moses: A Matthean Typology (Fortress, 1993), an excellent study of Moses in the Gospel of Matthew; Jan Assmann’s brilliant Moses the Egyptian (Harvard University Press, 1997); and Melanie Wright’s study of popular culture, Moses in America (Oxford University Press, 2003). All of these studies go beyond the obvious point that each generation makes Moses in its own image by exploring how and why these images are made.”

Jesus said in John 5:46-7 that believing Moses was vital in believing His words and this is so true. Those people who dismiss what Moses wrote in the Pentateuch also dismiss much of the New Testament as well because the NT is built upon the Old and removing the words from the Old removes many teachings in the New. Jesus and the disciples taught that creation and the flood were real just as Moses wrote. The same for Sodom and Gomorrah, Abraham, David and the list goes on.

If you cannot believe what Moses wrote how can you bring yourself to believe what The Gospels and other NT books say? This is where so many progressive creationists and theistic evolutionists trip themselves up. They say that their acceptance of Genesis 1 and other OT scriptures is not germane to their salvation but in reality it is. If they cannot believe the things they did not see or have evidence to in the past (creation, flood etc.) then how can they accept and believe those things that they have no evidence for in the future (salvation, heaven, eternity).

Believing what Moses wrote is essential for one’s salvation and it is essential for one’s impact for God.

11.. Shattering the Myth of Race by Dr. Dave Unander (book) pg. 50

“If races were the result of humans developing as several distinct species, one would expect different sets of DNA mutations within each race, just as species such as chimpanzees and gorillas differ, even though they may share many DNA similarities because they are primates.”

Genetic research has provided the world with lots of information and if the true believer stops listening to the secular world on DNA and other genes, microbes, etc., then they would see lots of evidence for the support of the Bible.

One such piece of evidence is the fact that there are not 3-4 different races in the world today as Darwin claimed. There is only 1—the human race. The Bible made this very clear long before genetic research was even thought of when it said ‘all men are descended from Adam’ and that ‘Eve was the mother of all humans’.

There is no scientific proof that supports Darwin or his evolutionary followers contention that 4 separate species of humans arose. The odds of just 1 happening by random chance are too astronomical but 4-that puts it deeper into the realm of utter impossibility.

For further reading look at the following links:

1. “Race is a social concept, not a scientific one,” said Dr. J. Craig Venter, head of the Celera Genomics Corp. in Rockville, Md.” {}

2. “According to Craig Venter who led the private sector assault on the human genome, ‘The Human Genome Project shows there is no such thing as race” {}

3. “It’s an old-fashioned, even Victorian, sentiment. Who speaks of “racial stocks” anymore? After all, to do so would be to speak of something that many scientists and scholars say does not exist.”  {}

4. “The billions of pieces of human genetic code sequenced thus far are most notable for what they do not appear to contain—a genetic test to tell one race of people from another. All scientific finds point to the conclusion that race doesn’t exist” {}

12. Six Easy Pieces by Dr. Richard Feynman (book) pgs. 92 & 108

“The problem was, what makes the planets go around?…No machinery has ever been invented that explains gravity without also predicting some other phenomenon that does not exist.”

Gravity exposes the weakness and limitation of secular science. It cannot figure everything out nor explain all that we see or know exists in the world and universe today. Sometimes the believer is left with ‘God did it’ which isn’t an escape from the problem but the realization and acknowledgement that God has not revealed everything to man and there are some things out of his reach.

Gravity has been one of those things. It is difficult for man to grasp how gravity works, where its source of energy is, how it can both repel and attract at the same time , while letting some objects escape its grasp as it holds onto others.

God has left some evidence to His power, His existence, and His intelligence for all to see but those pieces of evidence do not always come in the forms we expect or want.

13. The Politically Incorrect Guide to the Bible by Robert j. Hutchinson (book) pgs.157,158 & 162

“The truth is that the savage cruelty of slavery has existed on a massive scale all over the world for most of human history—and still exists today in parts of the Islamic world and Asia—and yet it was first officially banned, by force of law, only in Christian Europe. No culture on earth questioned the morality of slavery until Christians did the questioning…The Hebrew word commonly translated as slave, eved…, comes from the root word avad, which means to work. Some Jewish translations of the Hebrew Bible, therefore, prefer the term ‘bondservant’ or ‘bondsman’ because as we shall see, a Hebrew eved was not really a slave in the modern understanding of the term.”

The whole chapter on this issue is quite well written and very informative. The true believer needs to look to the Holy Spirit to come to the intent of what God is saying in His word. One cannot leave it up to the unbeliever to ferret out the correct usage and definition of the word ‘slave’ because they do not care to find the truth.

They like to find nuggets in the Bible that justifies their unbelief thus they will stop at the surface use of the word, use the definition and usage they want to fit their purpose, or they just refuse to hear an explanation because such will allow them to excuse their choice and allow them to continue living their sinful lives.

It is up to the believer to seek the truth of the hard words in the Bible so they will not be caught or embarrassed when in discussion with the secular world with the wrong meaning of the word ‘slave’. This book is a good place to start in learning the true biblical meaning of the English word ‘slave’ and how it is used in the Bible. One example:

“Although today virtually unknown, these Christian writers in the early 19th century produced literally dozens of scholarly works proving that the Bible as a whole, far from tolerating chattel slavery, in fact denounced it.”

Research is needed by the Christian and Church leader, but it has to be honest, seeking the truth and following the Holy Spirit.

14. Scholars on the Record by Hershal Shanks (book) pg.12ff.

“First, I lost my fundamentalist faith because of my scholarship.”

This book talks with 4 scholars and how archaeology and academics changed their faith and theirs is not the only stories, many good believers go to post-secondary, graduate and post-graduate schools and run into something that makes them doubt, eventually steering them away from their beliefs.

The solution to this issue is quite simple—they took their eye off Jesus and put them on the world and its unbelief. They stopped listening to God’s word where it says in Ps. 1 “walk not in the counsel of the ungodly” and 2 Tim. 3 where Paul warns believers about ‘evil men deceiving and being deceived.’ (2 Tim. 3: 1-17).

Archaeology, physics, or science in general are very limited fields which are not immune to the sin and corruption that entered the world at Adam’s sin and do not have the Holy Spirit guiding them ( not all but a majority).

The rules of these fields were mostly laid by secularists who do not want the Bible true and have no interest in proving it so which means that the believe needs to stop listening to these men who have rejected Christ and His ways. They will not be led to the Jesus by the scholarship of these men and women.

If the believer doesn’t want to lose their faith then they must work at keeping their eyes on Jesus and listening to what He said and the biblical authors wrote. Archaeology does not dig up all the facts, it does not find every mss. Or explanation for artifacts discovered and the gaps are filled by the conjecture and assumptions of these scientific men and women thus these men and women cannot pass judgment on the biblical record.

They were also not present when the biblical events took place and do not have all the evidence on hand to make any sort of conclusion either way. Listen to God and the Bible stop listening to secular academics because they are not experts and have other ulterior motives. As Dr. Donald Wiseman once said, “No fact of archaeology so far discovered contradicts the biblical record.” Indeed not, what tries to contradicts the biblical record are the assumptions, conjectures and speculations made by unbelieving academics. Such activities are always proved wrong. Keep your eyes on Christ.

15. Dealing With Dawkins by John Banchard (book) pg. 14

“as Dawkins puts it, “We are all descended from what might have been something like bacteria.” He is so sure of this that he adds, “It is absolutely safe to say that if you meet somebody who claims not to believe in evolution, that person is ignorant, stupid or insane.””

This is what happens when those with no real moral guideline to follow, do not like what others freely choose and believe. The christian needs to remember that they, like the atheist, has the right of free choice and it doesn’t matter what Dawkins or anyone else says or thinks they get to believe as they wish.

The Bible tells us that Jesus told the disciples that ‘the secular world hates them because they hate Him.” And that is correct. The believer needs to prepare themselves to face , counter and endure this hatred and not cave to its barbed attacks.

Jesus also said, “pick up your cross and follow me.” That means that the believer is not going to have a life filled with champagne and caviar every day they are alive. It means that the Christian life will be difficult but if one relies on Jesus to help them through it, then the reward will be far greater than imagined.

The Christian should not pray to stop all persecution but that they endure. The Christian life is the hardest one of all because few want it and they see those who live it as a threat, since the believer’s faith and life brings to light the sins of the unbelieving world and they do  not like that.

Dawkins is wrong of course and he is one of those people who are a false teacher and deceived. They need prayer not retaliation.

16. Creation, Science, and Genesis? By Charles David Isbell

“The past few years have seen an increase in the demands from conservative Christian groups that the teaching of the theory of evolution be banned in public schools.2 Failing to garner enough support for an outright ban, these groups have turned to the alternative of demanding that at the least “the” biblical view of creation should be taught alongside the theory of evolution”

There is a problem with pushing the pushing of teaching of creation alongside evolution in the science classroom. Creation was a one time, unrepeatable, supernatural act that we cannot test over and over. In other words, we can only test, study or experiment with the results of creation and see that everything goes according to God’s revelation in genesis 1 and other creation passages.

Many an unbeliever declares, ‘we can’t put God in a test tube.’ Of course they can’t. If they could that would mean that they were the supreme deity and they would not be in need of salvation or a Saviour. Another thing they cannot do is put the process of evolution in a test tube either.

So far, in all of the hundreds of thousands of supposed evolutionary experiments that have been conducted over the past 150-200 years, approx., not 1 real evolutionary experiment has taken place. Not one has studied or made one historical claimed evolutionary transition.

All of their experiments come from pre-existing developed genes and species then the predictions and results are credited to the theory even though not one evolutionist can prove that the process of evolution was the force responsible for those claimed changes. In fact, the evolutionist cannot even produce the original conditions that sparked life, or nurtured those supposed life-forms along nor can they produce one iota of proof that the process of natural selection or evolution actually exist.

The theory of evolution cannot be taught in the science classroom either as it is not scientific or even true.

17. Reflections on the Composition of Genesis by Bill T. Arnold

“From the Enlightenment in the eighteenth century, various scholars across Europe began speculation about sources used in the composition of Genesis. This source-critical approach crystallized in the nineteenth century in the works of Karl H. Graf and Julius Wellhausen in the so-called Graf-Wellhausen synthesis of the Documentary Hypothesis.2 This hypothesis inaugurated an era of general consensus on the documents behind the Pentateuch and their transmission history, in which it was taken for granted that earlier Yahwistic (J for Jehovistic) and Elohistic (E) sources were combined as a product of the early divided monarchy of ancient Israel. This so-called JE source was combined much later with a D source, which was essentially the core of the book of Deuteronomy composed in the seventh century BCE, and finally with a priestly source (P) produced as part of the postexilic restoration. Wellhausen so persuasively made the case for this four-source theory (the now familiar “JEDP”) that the hypothesis essentially convinced most of the scholarly world by the turn of the twentieth century”

The Documentary Hypothesis has had a long and rich history since its inception back in the time of J. Welhausen but happily it should be noted that those source doucuments have never existed. In his book On The Reliability Of The Old Testament, K.A. Kitchen has this to say on pg. 492: “ Where do J,E,P,D, belong, if the old order is chimera…They only exist in the minds of their modern creators…and as printed in their published studies, as theoretical works abstracted out of the standard text of the Old Testament books that we do have. This very simple fact needs to be stressed. Our resourceful biblicists are not sitting on some secret store of papyri or parchments that contain any such works. The Dead Sea Scrolls show no sign of them whatever…”

In other words, these sources are made up because some academics cannot grasp the fact that God has several names and He chooses which one He wants to be addressed by. For example a man is writing of his and his son’s encounter with a stranger. He records the fact that the stranger introduced himself differently to him and to his son. For the former he said to the man, ‘call me William.’ And to the son he said ‘call me Mr. Smith or Uncle Billy.’

The man used different names for different people depending upon whom was going to be doing the addressing. Does this mean that the original man’s account had different sources for those words? Of course not nor does the Bible. There is and was only 1 source for God’s word and that was God. He is the creator of all things, he gets to choose by what name He will be called and it depends upon whom is going to do the addressing and how familiar they are to God.

People have different names. Athletes have nicknames as od normal people. Does the newspapers’ use of those different names mean there was more than 1 source for the article? No. A different name does not indicate a different source but it does indicate the preference of the one holding those names.

All the supposed source documents (and I hear there are more than the 5 –JEPD & Q- now)are figments of the imagination of those academics who cannot accept the simple or believe that God has more than one name.

18. Big Bang by Simon Singh (book) pg.256

“This time the points stood obediently to attention along Hubble’s line. There was no escaping the implications of the data. The universe was really expanding …In short, the slightly blueshifted galaxies could be ignored as local anomalies that did not fit Hubble’s law.

The famed Hubble’s law and theory that the universe is expanding still, 14,000,0000,000 years after the suppose initial explosion. That must have been some blast to keep objects and the universe propelled outward for that amount of time.

There are several problems with Hubble’s law and theory and the first one is: Where did all this energy come from to cause such outward expansion? Second, what is the universe expanding into (is it pushing another object or collapsing it as it moves outward? Third, Galaxies are not the universe nor its boundaries thus measuring galaxies is not measuring the universe or its supposed movement. Fourth, What about those anomalies? Why should they be ignored?

Of course for secular academics ignoring the anomalies that disprove the theory is a way of life for them. James Tabor does it with the Mathew ossuary in the Talpiot tomb so why shouldn’t Hubble and the rest do the same for galaxies?

Since no man has ever seen the boundaries of the universe nor their original location it is impossible to say that it is expanding. Tracking the galaxies and extrapolating their movements is not measuring the universe no matter how many equations and laws you come up with.

Cars and trucks move around a country all the time but that doesn’t mean that the country’s borders are expanding, it just means that they have room to roam. The same for the universe. The galaxies were given room to roam by God so that those who study the stars can see His glory, His power, His work and humble themselves.

We do not know where the outer limits are for the universe, we do not know what is is abutting, if anything, and we do not know if the galaxies all started from the same point in the universe when they were created. God probably spread them around and gave them motion so His creation would be awed and turn from evil.

The universe is not expanding but as the Bible says it was made large enough to give room for all that God wanted to include so man would see that He existed and was amazing. Sadly, men love darkness rather than light tus they ignore what He has done and give credit to something else. Not smart.

19. Ibid. Pg. 76

“However, one particular question was conspicuously ignored, because scientists agreed that it was beyond their remit, indeed, inaccessible to rational endeavor of any kind. Nobody, it seemed was keen to tackle the ultimate question of how the universe was created.”

When man rejects God and His word they create lots of useless work to waste their time, energy and resources on. God already said how the universe was created it is just that most men toss rationality out the window and pursue something else.

It is not rational to ignore the true answer just because you do not like it and it is more irrational to throw millions of dollars away pursuing a false alternative simply because the answer does not fall into the category you want.

There is a reason why it is called ‘supernatural’ because God is supernatural and the origins of all things came into being in a supernatural manner. It is up to people to choose to accept that or reject it and it is not irrational to believe in a supernatural being whose power is greater than anything else in existence. It is irrational to throw all that away and search for non-existent alternative sources.

We already know how the universe came into existence—God created it- and the book of Genesis provides the answers not only for origins of life but for civilizations, languages, geography, and much more. Why waste time and money when both of those are needed for those in trouble? Forsaking your fellow man to go on wild goose chases is not rational; it is selfish and inconsiderate among other negatives.

20 After Dolly by Ian Wilmut & Roger Highfield (book) pg. 32

I believe in the right to protest. I believe equally that right wing religious paranoia is slowing the quest for treatment and , as a result, will harm people and cause suffering. I find it a constant cause of frustration that, in all public debate, the harm that can be done to future generations by neglecting a useful technology is rarely taken into account.”

Here this scientist, and probably others, thinks that the end justifies the means. This is the problem of secular science. The adherents of it feel that moral laws and rules should not apply to science because their cause is ‘honorable’.

Science and scientists need strict moral guidelines to guide their work or we just have created monsters who do not want to know right from wrong because in today’s scientific mind, ‘all science is good science’ and that is just not right.

If there is no wrong science then how can anyone put scientists on trial for their errors and harm to society? They can’t. By letting scientists be free off all constraints then any experiment is okay because it was done for a good cause (known only to the scientist) and it is done in the name of science. Doing something in ‘the name of science’ means nothing when those experiments violate all laws, morals, right and wrong and all human decency.

People forget what the Nazis did in the name of science. Absolute power cannot be given to the field of science nor scientists for absolute power corrupts absolutely and we have seen too many examples of that already in history. Strict rules with harsh punishments enforced strictly are needed to keep the scientist from going too far. Without boundaries anarchy takes over and anything goes and that is not a safe or smart place to end up. Science can be useful in the right hands but even the correct hands can be tempted and fall to temptation. Men crave power, they do not care how they get it and they will use science because it is an easy field to corrupt.


Wisdom, Justice, Fairness, Understanding & Knowledge

What follows are selected verses on each topic, with a link to allow the reader to go back and see what they missed.

I. Wisdom

Exodus 35:31

And He has filled him with the Spirit of God, in wisdom, in understanding and in knowledge and in all craftsmanship;

Deuteronomy 4:6

So keep and do them, for that is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the peoples who will hear all these statutes and say, ‘Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people.’

Deuteronomy 34:9

Now Joshua the son of Nun was filled with the spirit of wisdom, for Moses had laid his hands on him; and the sons of Israel listened to him and did as the Lord had commanded Moses.

1 Kings 3:28

When all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had handed down, they feared the king, for they saw that the wisdom of God was in him to administer justice.

1 Kings 4:29

Now God gave Solomon wisdom and very great discernment and breadth of mind, like the sand that is on the seashore.

2 Chronicles 1:11

God said to Solomon, “Because you had this in mind, and did not ask for riches, wealth or honor, or the life of those who hate you, nor have you even asked for long life, but you have asked for yourself wisdom and knowledge that you may rule My people over whom I have made you king,

Job 12:12

“Wisdom is with aged men, With long life is understanding.

Job 28:20

“Where then does wisdom come from? And where is the place of understanding?

Psalm 37:30

The mouth of the righteous utters wisdom, And his tongue speaks justice.

Psalm 90:12

So teach us to number our days, That we may present to You a heart of wisdom.

Psalm 111:10

The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom; A good understanding have all those who do His commandments; His praise endures forever.

Proverbs 1:2

To know wisdom and instruction, To discern the sayings of understanding,

Proverbs 2:6

For the Lord gives wisdom; From His mouth come knowledge and understanding.

Proverbs 3:21

My son, let them not vanish from your sight; Keep sound wisdom and discretion,

Proverbs 4:7

“The beginning of wisdom is: Acquire wisdom; And with all your acquiring, get understanding.

Proverbs 8:11

“For wisdom is better than jewels; And all desirable things cannot compare with her.

Proverbs 19:8

He who gets wisdom loves his own soul; He who keeps understanding will find good.

Ecclesiastes 1:18

Because in much wisdom there is much grief, and increasing knowledge results in increasing pain.

Jeremiah 9:23

Thus says the Lord, “Let not a wise man boast of his wisdom, and let not the mighty man boast of his might, let not a rich man boast of his riches;

Daniel 1:17

As for these four youths, God gave them knowledge and intelligence in every branch of literature and wisdom; Daniel even understood all kinds of visions and dreams.

Luke 2:52

And Jesus kept increasing in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men.

Luke 21:15

for I will give you utterance and wisdom which none of your opponents will be able to resist or refute.

Acts 6:10

But they were unable to cope with the wisdom and the Spirit with which he was speaking.

1 Corinthians 2:5

so that your faith would not rest on the wisdom of men, but on the power of God.

Colossians 4:5

Conduct yourselves with wisdom toward outsiders, making the most of the opportunity.

2 Timothy 3:15

and that from childhood you have known the sacred writings which are able to give you the wisdom that leads to salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.

James 1:5

But if any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all generously and without reproach, and it will be given to him.

II. Justice

Genesis 18:19

For I have chosen him, so that he may command his children and his household after him to keep the way of the Lord by doing righteousness and justice, so that the Lord may bring upon Abraham what He has spoken about him.”

Exodus 23:2

You shall not follow the masses in doing evil, nor shall you testify in a dispute so as to turn aside after a multitude in order to pervert justice;

Deuteronomy 10:18

He executes justice for the orphan and the widow, and shows His love for the alien by giving him food and clothing.

Deuteronomy 16:20

Justice, and only justice, you shall pursue, that you may live and possess the land which the Lord your God is giving you.

Deuteronomy 27:19

‘Cursed is he who distorts the justice due an alien, orphan, and widow.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’

1 Kings 10:9

Blessed be the Lord your God who delighted in you to set you on the throne of Israel; because the Lord loved Israel forever, therefore He made you king, to do justice and righteousness.”

Job 8:3

“Does God pervert justice? Or does the Almighty pervert what is right?

Psalm 25:9

He leads the humble in justice, And He teaches the humble His way.

Psalm 33:5

He loves righteousness and justice; The earth is full of the lovingkindness of the Lord.

Psalm 37:30

The mouth of the righteous utters wisdom, And his tongue speaks justice.

Psalm 82:3

Vindicate the weak and fatherless; Do justice to the afflicted and destitute.

Psalm 106:3

How blessed are those who keep justice, Who practice righteousness at all times!

Proverbs 2:8

Guarding the paths of justice, And He preserves the way of His godly ones.

Proverbs 17:23

A wicked man receives a bribe from the bosom To pervert the ways of justice.

Proverbs 21:3

To do righteousness and justice Is desired by the Lord more than sacrifice.

Proverbs 28:5

Evil men do not understand justice, But those who seek the Lord understand all things.

Ecclesiastes 3:16

Furthermore, I have seen under the sun that in the place of justice there is wickedness and in the place of righteousness there is wickedness.

Isaiah 1:17

Learn to do good; Seek justice, Reprove the ruthless, Defend the orphan, Plead for the widow.

Isaiah 56:1

[ Rewards for Obedience to God ] Thus says the Lord, “Preserve justice and do righteousness, For My salvation is about to come And My righteousness to be revealed.

Jeremiah 5:1

[ Jerusalem’s Godlessness ] “Roam to and fro through the streets of Jerusalem, And look now and take note. And seek in her open squares, If you can find a man, If there is one who does justice, who seeks truth, Then I will pardon her.

Ezekiel 18:8

if he does not lend money on interest or take increase, if he keeps his hand from iniquity and executes true justice between man and man,

Ezekiel 33:16

None of his sins that he has committed will be remembered against him. He has practiced justice and righteousness; he shall surely live.

Hosea 12:6

Therefore, return to your God, Observe kindness and justice, And wait for your God continually.

Amos 5:15

Hate evil, love good, And establish justice in the gate! Perhaps the Lord God of hosts May be gracious to the remnant of Joseph.

Micah 6:8

He has told you, O man, what is good; And what does the Lord require of you But to do justice, to love kindness, And to walk humbly with your God?

Habakkuk 1:4

Therefore the law is ignored And justice is never upheld. For the wicked surround the righteous; Therefore justice comes out perverted.

Zephaniah 3:5

The Lord is righteous within her; He will do no injustice. Every morning He brings His justice to light; He does not fail. But the unjust knows no shame.

Zechariah 7:9

“Thus has the Lord of hosts said, ‘Dispense true justice and practice kindness and compassion each to his brother;

Matthew 12:20

“A battered reed He will not break off, And a smoldering wick He will not put out, Until He leads justice to victory.

Luke 11:42

“But woe to you Pharisees! For you pay tithe of mint and rue and every kind of garden herb, and yet disregard justice and the love of God; but these are the things you should have done without neglecting the others.

Colossians 4:1

[ Fellow Workers ] Masters, grant to your slaves justice and fairness, knowing that you too have a Master in heaven.

III. Fairness

Leviticus 19:15

‘You shall do no injustice in judgment; you shall not be partial to the poor nor defer to the great, but you are to judge your neighbor fairly.

Numbers 24:5

How fair are your tents, O Jacob, Your dwellings, O Israel!

Isaiah 11:4

But with righteousness He will judge the poor, And decide with fairness for the afflicted of the earth; And He will strike the earth with the rod of His mouth, And with the breath of His lips He will slay the wicked.

IV. Understanding

Exodus 31:3

I have filled him with the Spirit of God in wisdom, in understanding, in knowledge, and in all kinds of craftsmanship,

Deuteronomy 4:6

So keep and do them, for that is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the peoples who will hear all these statutes and say, ‘Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people.’

Deuteronomy 32:28

“For they are a nation lacking in counsel, And there is no understanding in them.

1 Kings 3:9

So give Your servant an understanding heart to judge Your people to discern between good and evil. For who is able to judge this great people of Yours?”

Job 12:12

“Wisdom is with aged men, With long life is understanding.

Job 32:8

“But it is a spirit in man, And the breath of the Almighty gives them understanding.

Psalm 32:9

Do not be as the horse or as the mule which have no understanding, Whose trappings include bit and bridle to hold them in check, Otherwise they will not come near to you.

Psalm 49:20

Man in his pomp, yet without understanding, Is like the beasts that perish.

Psalm 119:34

Give me understanding, that I may observe Your law And keep it with all my heart.

Psalm 119:104

From Your precepts I get understanding; Therefore I hate every false way.

Psalm 119:144

Your testimonies are righteous forever; Give me understanding that I may live.

Proverbs 1:5

A wise man will hear and increase in learning, And a man of understanding will acquire wise counsel,

Proverbs 2:3

For if you cry for discernment, Lift your voice for understanding;

Proverbs 2:11

Discretion will guard you, Understanding will watch over you,

Proverbs 9:6

“Forsake your folly and live, And proceed in the way of understanding.”

Proverbs 10:21

The lips of the righteous feed many, But fools die for lack of understanding.

Proverbs 15:21

Folly is joy to him who lacks sense, But a man of understanding walks straight.

Proverbs 16:21

The wise in heart will be called understanding, And sweetness of speech increases persuasiveness.

Proverbs 21:16

A man who wanders from the way of understanding Will rest in the assembly of the dead.

Proverbs 23:23

Buy truth, and do not sell it, Get wisdom and instruction and understanding.

Isaiah 40:28

Do you not know? Have you not heard? The Everlasting God, the Lord, the Creator of the ends of the earth Does not become weary or tired. His understanding is inscrutable.

Jeremiah 3:15

“Then I will give you shepherds after My own heart, who will feed you on knowledge and understanding.

Daniel 1:20

As for every matter of wisdom and understanding about which the king consulted them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians and conjurers who were in all his realm.

Matthew 22:29

But Jesus answered and said to them, “You are mistaken, not understanding the Scriptures nor the power of God.

Colossians 1:9

For this reason also, since the day we heard of it, we have not ceased to pray for you and to ask that you may be filled with the knowledge of His will in all spiritual wisdom and understanding,

2 Timothy 2:7

Consider what I say, for the Lord will give you understanding in everything.

1 Peter 3:7

You husbands in the same way, live with your wives in an understanding way, as with someone weaker, since she is a woman; and show her honor as a fellow heir of the grace of life, so that your prayers will not be hindered.

1 John 5:20

And we know that the Son of God has come, and has given us understanding so that we may know Him who is true; and we are in Him who is true, in His Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God and eternal life.

V. Knowledge-

Exodus 35:31

And He has filled him with the Spirit of God, in wisdom, in understanding and in knowledge and in all craftsmanship;

Numbers 24:16

The oracle of him who hears the words of God, And knows the knowledge of the Most High, Who sees the vision of the Almighty, Falling down, yet having his eyes uncovered.

1 Samuel 2:3

“Boast no more so very proudly, Do not let arrogance come out of your mouth; For the Lord is a God of knowledge, And with Him actions are weighed.

2 Chronicles 1:10

Give me now wisdom and knowledge, that I may go out and come in before this people, for who can rule this great people of Yours?”

Job 21:14

“They say to God, ‘Depart from us! We do not even desire the knowledge of Your ways.

Job 38:2

“Who is this that darkens counsel By words without knowledge?

Psalm 92:6

A senseless man has no knowledge, Nor does a stupid man understand this:

Psalm 119:66

Teach me good discernment and knowledge, For I believe in Your commandments.

Proverbs 1:7

The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge; Fools despise wisdom and instruction.

Proverbs 1:29

Because they hated knowledge And did not choose the fear of the Lord.

Proverbs 8:9

“They are all straightforward to him who understands, And right to those who find knowledge.

Proverbs 12:1

Whoever loves discipline loves knowledge, But he who hates reproof is stupid.

Ecclesiastes 1:18

Because in much wisdom there is much grief, and increasing knowledge results in increasing pain.

Ecclesiastes 2:26

For to a person who is good in His sight He has given wisdom and knowledge and joy, while to the sinner He has given the task of gathering and collecting so that he may give to one who is good in God’s sight. This too is vanity and striving after wind.

Isaiah 11:2

The Spirit of the Lord will rest on Him, The spirit of wisdom and understanding, The spirit of counsel and strength, The spirit of knowledge and the fear of the Lord.

Hosea 4:1

[ God’s Controversy with Israel ] Listen to the word of the Lord, O sons of Israel, For the Lord has a case against the inhabitants of the land, Because there is no faithfulness or kindness Or knowledge of God in the land.

Hosea 6:6

For I delight in loyalty rather than sacrifice, And in the knowledge of God rather than burnt offerings.

Malachi 2:7

For the lips of a priest should preserve knowledge, and men should seek instruction from his mouth; for he is the messenger of the Lord of hosts.

Luke 1:77

To give to His people the knowledge of salvation By the forgiveness of their sins,

Romans 2:20

a corrector of the foolish, a teacher of the immature, having in the Law the embodiment of knowledge and of the truth,

1 Corinthians 1:5

that in everything you were enriched in Him, in all speech and all knowledge,

1 Corinthians 12:8

For to one is given the word of wisdom through the Spirit, and to another the word of knowledge according to the same Spirit;

Philippians 1:9

And this I pray, that your love may abound still more and more in real knowledge and all discernment,

1 Timothy 2:4

who desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.

2 Peter 1:6

and in your knowledge, self-control, and in your self-control, perseverance, and in your perseverance, godliness,

2 Peter 3:18

but grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To Him be the glory, both now and to the day of eternity. Amen.


Feeding Flock Magazine

These are the links to our now defunct magazine. We will accept donations through Western Union for any copies you want to read.

Volume 1

ISSUE #1 Sept. 2015 — Evidence

ISSUE #2 Oct. 2015 — Science & the Church

 ISSUE #3 Nov 2015 — What Is Love

 ISSUE #4 Dec 2015 — Women and the Church

 ISSUE #5 JANUARY 2016– Faith Healing

ISSUE #6 FEBRUARY 2016— The Church

ISSUE #7 MARCH 2016— Evolution, The Big Bang & Creation

 ISSUE #8 APRIL 2016— Who Owns Archaeology

 ISSUE # 9 MAY 2016– Frauds, Forgeries and Facts

ISSUE #10 JUNE 2016— Contradictions in the Bible

ISSUE #11 2016— Hitler & God

ISSUE # 12 2016— Emerging Church

Volume 2
Issue #1 2016– Short Stories
Issue #2 2016 — Photo Essay
Issue #3 2016 — The Pre-Flood World
If the links do not work just copy and paste them into your browser form.

We Interrupt…

our regularly scheduled archaeology series to make a comment or to on the Heritage Christian School controversy.

You have probably read the articles or heard about t on the news but here are two links to two stories on the issue:

It is also difficult to judge these disciplinary actions as so much information is left out of the news stories. People who jump on the different bandwagons attacking either party do so without knowing all the details.  Another factor is that those criticizing either party think their ideas on what scripture says is more important than those involved in the situation and they think their ideas are more important than God’s actual meaning of the bible verses they quote. This creates a bigger problem for both the school and the student involved in the mess. (And for the families involved as well.)

One thing that is demonstrated by those who take the student’s side is that they think that walking across the stage at graduation is more important than the rules that were broken.  They also think that act is more important than the student learning to keep her word. Whether you think Heritage’s punishment was over the top or not, there are more important issues here than a student walking cross a stage and one is, why should sin and rule breaking be rewarded?

The other problem that comes into play here is that this controversy is built on the fact that so many people who are not involved with Heritage or any students at the school are disagreeing with the way Heritage handles its own rules and discipline. To them we say– MIND YOUR OWN BUSINESS!! Your disagreeing has no role in this problem and only muddies the water ruining the chance for true justice to take place. People are too quick these days,with the advent of the internet, to voice their opinions on matters that do not concern them. We have yet to find a scripture verse teaching followers of Christ to do that.

These nosy people forget that the love they want the school to show this student is telling them to give that same love to the school they disagree with. Hypocrisy never won any argument nor showed Christ’s love. If you want the school to change then practice your beliefs correctly and make sure they are in line with God and his intent for his word.Your interpretation does not matter. You got to have followed the HS to the truth , accepted it and implemented it in your life before you can speak one word.

In Korea, we used to tell those native English speakers who whined and complained about the Korea educational system to go out start their own school, make their own rules, recruit their own students and s on then implement their ideas to show that they are actually better than the Korean way.  No one ever took us up on that suggestion. We also make the same suggestion to those sticking their nose in where it doesn’t belong in this situation. Go start your own Christian school, recruit your own students, make your own rules and show that your ideas are better than Heritage’s. If you don’t do that then SHUT UP.

You, not Heritage, are the ones not showing true Christianity especially by putting your nose where it doesn’t belong. Grace, love and Christianity do not reward sin or wrongdoing nor do they place walking across a stage in a more important role than repenting of one’s sin, realizing that they were wrong and that breaking their word is an important matter. She signed a statement and knew what she was signing, she has no excuse here and nor do those busybodies who think they know more than God and try to tell Heritage what to do. Heritage has the right and freedom to act as they think they should and they have committed no crime here– so back off. Your opinion is not greater than theirs.

If you want to see Christian based actions then apply it to your lives first. Remove your beams before trying to remove the splinters in Heritage’s vision.


Believers & Churches Are TOO Immature

This is the conclusion we have come to over the years. As we leave for our vacation, it seems that topics keep coming to mind so we will post this little tidbit to close things out.

They are more bent on being part of a fad or some other distorted behavior than they are in getting things right. One fad that comes to mind and annoys us greatly is the badly used term ‘gifted’. It is not correct English and it is just annoying whenever we hear it. Another pet peeve that sends us a clue is the use of drums and worship teams in every service. While the Bible does not disallow their use, we have a problem when women are leading men and when the leaders are having their own private worship on stage and everyone else does not know what to do. There is no leading to worship or guiding the people just a person closing their eyes on stage and spiritually whacking off, for a lack of a better term.

Spiritually mature churches would take the time to teach their people how to do worship and services correctly, leaning not to their own understanding but bringing to the people what God wants them to know and how to apply that knowledge correctly. Worship, like church, is not a game and people in the church rarely understand what they are doing or why they are doing it.

We wonder if it is too late for the church in general to grow up and be real believers, someone God would be proud of to have as his child or better yet, be able to use for greater spiritual duties and objectives. Far too many believers do not want to grow up spiritually and that leaves God with a problem as evil has millions of people who are adults and who make mincemeat out of unprepared spiritually unfit believers. How can God win when believers refuse to learn, grow up spiritually and prepare for real spiritual duty?

When the church remains immature children it is no wonder God is not making an impact in this world. The people he has chosen to use are not doing their part and are getting defeated too easily by well prepared forces of evil. God doesn’t want us to pass the buck back to him when we face a spiritual problem or crisis, he wants us to learn how to handle them correctly so that we can grow spiritually.

We are letting God down, he is not letting us down.Churches need to grow up and mature if they want to make a dent in evil’s strongholds.


Getting Definitions Correct

Of course, after writing the lat post we come across a topic that needs some attention so we will make one more post before our break. The topic is found at the following link:

And the problem is not just found in reacting to how women dress or how women dress, both are the problem and when women do dress in a manner that exposes their bodies, they cannot really complain when others look at them in any undesirable manner. This is so when the attitude applied to the reactions are subjective, misguided and wrong.

One of the real problem s in this issue is the fact that terms like ‘sexual harassment’, ‘abuse’ and other provocative expressions are not clearly and objectively defined. When people get to apply their own subjective ideas to these terms then more problems arise causing a lot of pain, heartache and injustice to all involved.

We need to get to real definitions and not let anyone and everyone alter them to fit their pleasure. Part of this problem comes in when those in charge of litigation, judicial affairs and so on, allow for the subjective definitions to take precedence over the real objective meanings of the terms.People in charge need to be strong and brave and not give in to the will of individuals who cannot accept or apply those real definitions correctly.

We do not like the fact that Mr. O’Reilly and others have received in justice because some women cannot accept the fact that they need to dress modestly. We do not like the fact that people are fired first when other options are available that would bring true justice to the issue and solve the problem with fewer people being sent to the unemployment lines. Trying to please a group of people or defend an honor does not serve justice but personal objectives and that is wrong.

Dressing modestly in public is not just a woman’s issue. It is also the responsibility of the man to set the example and dress accordingly. The man should not be exposing boy parts best observed in private between a husband and his wife but since women are making this an issue and the victims are the men around them, then they need to realize that they have responsibility to learn the correct definitions of terms and correctly apply them to any given situation.

They also should take a look at how they are dressed and their motivation for dressing in that manner and see if they are not going too far. Then make the correct changes. Women, like men, are not to lead the other gender to sin. Women need to realize that they do NOT need to follow the worldly advice of looking sexy to get a man’s attention. They need to realize that if they want the attention of a man with quality then they need to dress a lot better and not attract the attention f a man who does not care about them and has less savory ideas in mind.

The Bible tells us to dress modestly, so that is the key. This does not mean, as one woman put in that article, putting on a burka. It does mean to cover up as one does not sin nor lead others to sin when the dress for work or play. Women who use the burka example are part of the problem as they are being unrealistic in their dress code demands and refuse to accept the correct definitions for the term ‘sexual harassment’ and want to apply their own ideas to the term.

These people want to rule others per se and do not want to humble themselves and accept the real definitions of specific terms. People have a hard time accepting justice especially when the terms of justice are not meeting their demands nor are as harsh as they would like.But then justice is not to please people or victims but has a different purpose in mind, one that brings order and repentance to society.As well as obeying God when people commit mistakes or crimes.

Women are not innocent in this issue and they must bear a lot of the responsibility when men do things they do not like. Sexual harassment is not always termination of employment worthy and believers need to do the hard work and make sure justice is applied to this issue even when women do not like how justice comes out.Making complaints is not to serve the purpose of getting revenge, something women do a lot and it is an attitude that needs to be erased for that is abusing the justice system for one’s personal vendetta. It is just as wrong as any crime.

Justice is fair and a two-way street and those accused need to have justice especially when they have done nothing wrong but look at a woman’s exposed body.

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