Accreditation is essentially a statement of approval. In the United States, if it is to be meaningful, it must come from an independent association having attained its own approval from the United States Department of Education (USDE). In the U.S., the government (USDE) does not accredit schools. However, the USDE is in the business of approving the associations which do accredit schools (for the purpose of serving as gate keepers for Title IV Funding). You must understand this if you are to properly understand accreditation. Title IV Funding is the nearly 60 billion dollar congressionally approved annual money stream that flows from taxpayers to educational institutions that are accredited by an agency approved by USDE. The reason that USDE approves accrediting agencies is to assure quality control over the flow of Title IV Funds. The greater part of accreditation requirements is geared toward satisfying the USDE mandated standards that are specifically designed to safeguard the huge taxpayer investment in higher education.
Accrediting associations in the U.S. are not required to seek USDE recognition, but without it, the value of such accreditation may be questionable, and schools they accredit are not eligible to receive Title IV Funds. That is why schools promoting accreditation from sources not approved by the USDE are considered “unaccredited.” BEWARE: There are dozens of so-called accrediting agencies (some with very official sounding names), that are nothing more than a fraud designed to deceive.
EXCEPTION: Accrediting agencies (just like schools), must first operate according to accepted practices and attract a sufficient number of clients before they can petition the USDE for possible acceptance. Unrecognized agencies that are in a petitioning status with USDE, and are operating openly within the general parameters set forth by USDE (though still not considered recognized), ought to be considered valid, but their members’ schools are still not qualified for Title IV Funds.
The following quote is taken from the web site of the Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA). “There are accrediting organizations that may not be recognized but are not accreditation mills. For example, the accreditor may be seeking recognition, but the process is not complete. Or the accreditor does not meet the requirements of CHEA or USDE for reasons that do not relate to quality.”
Certification is also essentially a statement of approval, but significantly different from accreditation in several important ways. Most importantly, certification is not tied to Title IV Funding. Only USDE recognized accreditation qualifies institutions to receive such funding. Certification is not generally recognized as being equivalent to accreditation since certification criteria is not geared toward satisfying the requirements for Title IV Funding. Therefore, certifying agencies are not as well known, and their value not as readily appreciated.
Legitimate certification is similar to legitimate accreditation in that it also involves voluntary peer review through private agencies accountable to their constituents and the public at large, but not to the federal government since Title IV Funding is not involved. Much of the misunderstanding that arises between the two is due to the lack of consumer awareness, and the generally held belief that accreditation is the only standard for academic legitimacy. This is one reason why accreditation mills thrive while certification mills generally are not popular targets for scam artists.
Exactly What is an Accredited Degree?
This may come as a shock, but in point-of-fact, there is no such thing as an accredited degree. Only schools or programs within schools are accredited. Period! Look carefully at any degree earned from an accredited school, and you will not find one word that even suggests that it is an “accredited” degree.
If it does, you may be certain that the degree is bogus. That’s because degrees are not accredited. You can earn a degree from an accredited school or program within a school, but you cannot earn an accredited degree from that same school. It may seem like only a matter of semantics, but it much more. You can earn a degree from either an accredited or unaccredited school, but the degree you earn is neither accredited nor unaccredited.
Here is an example (admittedly extreme, but it makes the point): Sam Smith graduated from MYU before it was accredited. His degree is from an unaccredited school. Sam’s son (Sam Jr.) graduated from MYU after it received accreditation. Sam Jr. earned a degree from an accredited school. Sam’s grandson graduated from MYU during the time that it lost its accreditation. Sam III earned a degree from an unaccredited school.
Sam’s great grandson earned his degree from MYU after it regained its accreditation. Sam IV earned a degree from an accredited school. Now let’s look back, the fact that MYU was accredited when Sam Jr. attended, was of no consequence to Sam. His degree was still earned at an unaccredited school.
Are Schools Required to Obtain Recognized Accreditation?
No. For the most part, accreditation in the U.S. is strictly voluntary. Many states require, or provide for, a kind of “state approval.” However, this is not the same as accreditation. There are many schools in the U.S. that operate as top-quality institutions with high academic standards and yet have elected to not seek accreditation.
The following quote is taken from the web site of the Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA). There are institutions that may not be accredited but are not degree mills. For example, the institution may be seeking accreditation, but the process is not complete. Or a legitimate institution may choose not to be accredited for reasons that do not relate to quality.
The following quote from the United States Department of Education makes the point. “It should be noted that some institutions have chosen not to participate in the federal student aid program and therefore do not have to be approved by an accrediting agency recognized by the Department. While these institutions do not appear on the Department’s list, they may be legitimate schools. Stroup encouraged consumers and employers to use the list as an initial source of information and to investigate further whenever an institution does not appear on the list.” (February 1, 2005)
The former executive director of the Association for Biblical Higher Education (an accrediting agency recognized by the United States Department of Education), as quoted in that agency’s September 2005 quarterly publication stated that “There are hundreds of Bible Colleges and Seminaries in the United States and Canada that are offering good solid theological training, yet they are not accredited. This would be the case with our Affiliate institutions that take advantage of the programs and services that we offer.”
What Are Some Advantages of Recognized Accreditation?
Access to government sponsored or approved student loans and grants (Title IV Funds).
Easier recognition for transfer of its credits to other accredited schools.
Easier recognition of its degrees by other schools and organizations.
Greater likelihood of acceptance of its students by other schools for further study.
What Are Some Disadvantages of Recognized Accreditation?
More difficult entrance requirements into its programs of study.
Program requirements which may limit certain individuals or prevent them from being accepted into its programs.
Significantly higher tuition and related costs for all programs of study.
Less accommodating schedules and course offerings.
What Are Some Advantages of Not Having Recognized Accreditation?
Less difficult entrance requirements for desirable programs of study.
Lower tuition and related costs making it possible to graduate without debt.
More accommodating program schedules and course offerings making it possible for busy adults to study anywhere anytime.
Unaccredited schools are likely to be more innovative and liberal in the development of specialized courses, unique study concepts, the use of emerging technology, and the design of nontraditional certificate and degree programs. In this regard they are often pioneers and early adopters.
What Are Some Disadvantages of Not Having Recognized Accreditation?
No access to government sponsored or approved student loans and grants (Title IV Funds).
Transfer of credits earned may be more difficult.
Acceptance of graduates by accredited schools for further study more difficult.
The recognition of educational qualifications earned for meeting some goals may be problematic.
Does Recognized Accreditation Assure A Quality Education?
Can A Program Without Recognized Accreditation Provide A Quality Education?
Will a Degree Earned Through an Unaccredited School be Accepted and Considered Legitimate?
Will a Degree from an Unaccredited School be Accepted by My Church or Place of Employment?
While there certainly are some situations when only a degree from an accredited school can qualify one for certain positions and privileges, for the most part, you are judged and accepted on you, not the school from which you graduated. Example: Are you already in ministry? If so, when was the last time a member of your church asked you if you had a degree at all, much less if it was earned at an accredited college or seminary?
CAUTION! Do not fall victim to the myth that earning a degree from an accredited school is a ticket to ministry success. It is not. Ministry is one of those places where what you do with what you know trumps everything else. In fact, for those already serving in ministry, a degree from a highly credible though unaccredited school may be the most logical choice. We ought never to forget that especially in the Christian tradition, academic freedom is considered a cornerstone of religious liberty. Of course, so is academic responsibility! Therefore, any program of study leading to a theological degree ought to be both Biblically sound, and academically honest.
Will a Degree or Credits Earned Through an Unaccredited School be Accepted by Other Schools?
First of all, it should be understood that no school is required to accept credits ore degrees from another school (accredited or unaccredited). However, generally speaking, degrees earned through unaccredited schools will often be recognized by other unaccredited schools providing the school meets the standards of the receiving school, and the learning discipline is relevant. On the other hand, most accredited schools will accept only a very limited number of students from unaccredited schools. Such acceptance, when granted, is usually based on degree or credit relevancy, the coursework and degree requirements, and the background and ability of the person applying. The bottom line…an accredited school may accept credits and degrees from an unaccredited school, but don’t count on it! If this is a real issue for you, ask first!
Why is Master’s Certified, but not Accredited?
Master’s is a relatively young institution (founded March 30, 1999), and is not financially endowed as in the case of institutions associated with denominations . The process of seeking and obtaining legitimate accreditation is one that requires considerable institutional resources, and a sufficient number of years of successful operation in order to be adequately prepared.
Since our founding in 1999, we have pursued a policy of developing a Divinity School that operates in a manner consistent with Biblical guidelines, and have promoted and maintained appropriate academic and business standards. Consequently, we have received a remarkable level of credibility among our ministry peers.
This affirmation of institutional integrity has attracted thousands of students from around the world. Our alumni serve in practically every ministry calling within the denominational and independent structures of the church-at-large. A careful examination of our Endorsements and Cooperatives bears witness to this fact. Our goal is to remain faithful to our mission and purpose, to continue to promote appropriate academic standards, and to be vigilant in our pursuit of institutional development.
Nevertheless, we do recognize and honor the value of legitimate academic and institutional peer review. For this reason, Master’s has achieved certification with the Council of Private Colleges of America. The mission of the CPCA is to serve private faith based educational institutions through quality standards and practices. The purpose of the CPCA is to promote quality faith based education, and provide support services for faith based educational institutions to accomplish their individual purpose and mission. The CPCA represents member faith based educational institutions before government or other educational agencies, and provides certification to member faith based educational institutions through quality peer review and onsite certification visits verifying CPCA standards.
Does Master’s Have A Plan to Seek Recognized Accreditation?
OK, but How Can I be Sure That Master’s International School of Divinity is Really Valid and of High Quality?
Check us out for yourself. DO NOT rely on published guide books, Internet message boards, blogs or chat rooms for accurate information (this holds true for any other school you may be considering). Such places as message boards and blogs are often populated by one or more “self-proclaimed experts” whom only rarely possess any actual first-hand knowledge about the schools they suppose themselves to be competent to rate (or rant against). These individuals seem to crave whatever attention they may get from their pontifications.
In addition, the few books and online guides that profess to give “expert” guidance, are too often out-of-date or just plain wrong, simply because it is physically impossible for these individuals to actually visit the schools they profess to know about. Consequently, information is notoriously inaccurate, out-of-date and suffers from the fact the few if any of the schools rated have received an actual on-site visit or even been afforded the benefit of submitting a formal validation document. Information is usually gleaned from the internet, school catalogs as well as second and third-hand sources. One serious indication of poor research is the use of unprofessional language and the strongly worded personal opinions of the author or compiler. While such sources may provide some useful information, caution should be exercised when accepting information as accurate.
Furthermore, be aware that some unscrupulous admissions recruiters often profess to have “inside knowledge” in order to berate competing schools as a way of convincing you to enroll at the school they represent. The only sure way is to check it out for yourself. In the case of Master’s, read everything on our web site, call and speak with anyone or any organization named on the web site that is of interest to you. Request an academic evaluation for yourself, and ask every question that you think is important. Don’t settle for anything less than a satisfactory answer. After that, you will be able to make an informed decision.
Ten Commandments for Degree Mills
1. Thou shalt seduce them with ridiculously low tuition.
2. Thou shalt boast of being accredited by a worthless agency.
3. Thou shalt offer as many different degree titles as possible.
4. Thou shalt give life-experience credit for everything.
5. Thou shalt not require too much work for anything.
6. Thou shalt not refuse anyone entrance into any program.
7. Impress them with your “accredited” faculty, they won’t know that there is no such thing.
8. Always appeal to their vanity by offering them what they “deserve.”
9. Provide high quality printed degrees and transcripts to deflect questions about the low quality of the program.
10. Encourage skeptics to visit your web site, discourage them from visiting your office.