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Declaration of Faith of English People Remaining at Amsterdam in Holland

24 Jul

Printed, 1611.

{This information is taken from the AGES Electronic Library and placed here for educational and edification purposes only}

A DECLARATION, ETC.
 
WE believe and confess: —

1. That there are three which bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and

the Spirit; and these three are one God, in all equality: by whom all things are

created and preserved, in heaven and in earth. <620507>1 John 5:7; <501405>Philippians

2:5, 6; Genesis 1.

2. That this God in the beginning created all things of nothing, and made man

of the dust of the earth, in his own image, in righteousness and true holiness;

yet being tempted, fell by disobedience. Through whose disobedience, all men

sinned: his sin being imputed unto all; and so death went over all men.

<010101>Genesis 1:1; 2:7; 1:27; <490424>Ephesians 4:24; 3:1, 7; <450512>Romans 5:12, 19.

3. That by the promised seed of the woman, Jesus Christ, [and by] his

obedience, all are made righteous, all are made alive: his righteousness being

imputed unto all. <450519>Romans 5:19; <461522>1 Corinthians 15:22.

4. That notwithstanding this, men are by nature the children of wrath, born in

iniquity, and in sin conceived; wise to all evil, but to good they have no

knowledge. <490203>Ephesians 2:3; <195105>Psalm 51:5; <240422>Jeremiah 4:22. The natural

man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God. <460214>1 Corinthians 2:14. And

therefore man is not restored unto his former estate. But that as man, in his

estate of innocency, having in himself all disposition unto good, and no

disposition unto evil, yet being tempted might yield, or might resist; even so

now being fallen, and having all disposition unto evil, and no disposition or

will unto any good, yet God giving grace, man may receive grace, or may

reject grace, according to that saying; I call heaven and earth to record this

day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and

cursing; therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live.

<053019>Deuteronomy 30:19.

5. That God before the foundation of the world hath predestinated that all that

believe in him shall be saved, and all that believe not shall be damned; all

which he knew before. And this is the election and reprobation spoken of in

the scriptures, concerning salvation, and condemnation; and not that God hath

predestinated men to be wicked, and so to be damned, but that men being

wicked shall be damned. <490104>Ephesians 1:4, 12; <411616>Mark 16:16; <450820>Romans

8:20. For God would have all men saved, and come to the knowledge of the

truth, and would have no man to perish, but would have all men come to

repentance, and willeth not the death of him dieth. <540201>1 Timothy 2:1, 2. <610309>2

Peter 3:9; <261832>Ezekiel 18:32. And therefore God is the author of no man’s s

condemnation according to the saying of the prophet; Thy destruction, O

Israel, is of thyself; but thy help is of me. <281309>Hosea 13:9.

6. That man is justified only by the righteousness of Christ, apprehended by

faith; yet faith without works is dead. <450328>Romans 3:28; <480216>Galatians 2:16;

<590217>James 2:17.

7. That men may fall away from the grace of God, and from the truth, which

they have received and acknowledged, after they have tasted of the heavenly

gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost, and have tasted of the good

word of God, and of the powers of the world to come; and after they have

escaped from the filthiness of the world, may be entangled again therein, and

overcome. <581215>Hebrews 12:15; 10:26; 6:4, 5; <610220>2 Peter 2:20. That a righteous

man may forsake his righteousness, and perish. Ezekiel 24, 26. And therefore

let no man presume to think, that because he hath, or had once grace, therefore

he shall always have grace. But let all men have assurance, that if they

continue unto the end, they shall be saved. Let no man then presume; but let all

work out their salvation with fear and trembling.

8. That. Jesus Christ, the Son of God, the second Person or subsistence in the

Trinity, in the fulness of time was manifested in the flesh, being the seed of

David, and of the Israelites, according to the flesh, the Son of Mary the Virgin,

made of her substance, by the power of the Holy Ghost overshadowing her;

and being thus true man, was like unto us in all things, sin only excepted,

being one person in two distinct natures, true God, and true Man. <450103>Romans

1:3; Isaiah 5; <480404>Galatians 4:4; <420135>Luke 1:35; <580415>Hebrews 4:15.

9. That Jesus Christ is mediator of the new testament between God and man,

having all power in heaven and in earth given unto him, being the only King,

Priest, and Prophet of his church. He also being the only Lawgiver, hath in his

Testament set down an absolute and perfect rule of direction, for all persons, at

all times, to be observed; which no prince, nor any whosoever, may add to, or

diminish from, as they will avoid the fearful judgments denounced against

them that shall so do. <540205>1 Timothy 2:5; <402818>Matthew 28:18; <420133>Luke 1:33;

<580724>Hebrews 7:24; <440322>Acts 3:22; <662218>Revelation 22:18, 19.

10. That the church of Christ is a company of faithful people, separated from

the world by the word and Spirit of God, being knit unto the Lord, and one

unto another, by baptism, upon their own confession of the faith, and sins.

<460102>1 Corinthians 1:2; <490101>Ephesians 1:1; <470617>2 Corinthians 6:17; <461213>1

Corinthians 12:13; <440837>Acts 8:37; <400306>Matthew 3:6.

11. That though in respect of Christ the church be one, yet it consisteth of

divers particular congregations, even so many as there shall be in the world;

every of which congregation, though they be but two or three, have Christ

given them, with all the means of their salvation; are the body of Christ, and a

whole church; and therefore may, and ought, when they are come together, to

pray, prophesy, break bread, and administer in all the holy ordinances,

although as yet they have no officers, or that their officers should be in prison,

sick, or by any other means hindered from the church. <490404>Ephesians 4:4;

<401820>Matthew 18:20; <450832>Romans 8:32; <460322>1 Corinthians 3:22; 12:27; 14:23;

<600410>1 Peter 4:10; 2:5.

12. That as one congregation hath Christ, so hath all. And that the word of God

cometh not out from any one, neither to any one congregation in particular, but

unto every particular church, as it doth unto all the world. And therefore no

church ought to challenge any prerogative over any other. <471007>2 Corinthians

10:7; <461436>1 Corinthians 14:36; <510105>Colossians 1:5, 6.

13. That every church is to receive in all their members by baptism, upon the

confession of their faith and sins, wrought by the preaching of the gospel,

according to the primitive institution and practice. And therefore churches

constituted after any other manner, or of any other persons, are not according

to Christ’s testament. <402819>Matthew 28:19; <440241>Acts 2:41.

14. That baptism, or washing with water, is the outward manifestation of dying

unto sin, and walking in newness of life; and therefore in nowise appertaineth

to infants. <450602>Romans 6:2, 3, 4.

15. That the Lord’s supper is the outward manifestation of the spiritual

communion between Christ and the faithful, mutually to declare his death until

he come. <461016>1 Corinthians 10:16, 17; 11:26.

16. That the members of every church or congregation ought to know one

another, that so they may perform all the duties of love one towards another,

both to soul and body. <401815>Matthew 18:15; <520514>1 Thessalonians 5:14; <461225>1

Corinthians 12:25. And especially the elders ought to know the whole flock,

whereof the Holy Ghost hath made them overseers. And therefore a church

ought not to consist of such a multitude, as cannot have particular knowledge

one of another. <442028>Acts 20:28; <600502>1 Peter 5:2, 3.

17. That brethren impenitent in any one sin, after the admonition of the church,

are to be excluded the communion of the saints. And therefore not the

committing of sin doth cut off any from the church, but refusing to hear the

church to reformation. <401817>Matthew 18:17; <460504>1 Corinthians 5:4, 13.

18. That excommunicants, in respect of civil society, are not to be avoided.

<530315>2 Thessalonians 3:15; <401817>Matthew 18:17.

19. That every church ought, according to the example of Christ’s disciples

and primitive churches, upon every first day of the week, being the Lord’s day,

to assemble together, to pray, prophesy, praise God, and break bread, and

perform all other parts of spiritual communion for the worship of God, their

own mutual edification, and the preservation of true religion and piety in the

church. <432019>John 20:19; <440242>Acts 2:42; 20:7; <461602>1 Corinthians 16:2. And they

ought not to labour in their callings, according to the equity of the moral law;

which Christ came not to abolish, but to fulfil. <022008>Exodus 20:8, &c.

20. That the officers of every church or congregation are either elders, who by

their office do especially feed the flock concerning their souls; or deacons,

men and women, who by their office relieve the necessities of the poor and

impotent brethren, concerning their bodies. <442028>Acts 20:28; <600502>1 Peter 5:2, 3;

<440601>Acts 6:1, 4.

21. That these officers are to be chosen when there are persons qualified

according to the rules in Christ’s testament, by election and approbation of that

church or congregation whereof they are members, with fasting, prayer, and

laying on of hands; and there being but one rule for elders, there-fore but one

sort of elders. <540302>1 Timothy 3:2, 7; <560106>Titus 1:6, 9; <440603>Acts 6:3, 4; 13:3;

14:23.

22. That the officers of every church or congregation, are tied by office only to

that particular congregation whereof they are chosen. And therefore they

cannot challenge by office any authority in any other congregation whatsoever,

except they would have an apostleship. <441423>Acts 14:23; 20:17; <560105>Titus 1:5.

23. That the scriptures of the Old and New Testament are written for our

instruction; and that we ought to search them, for they testify of Christ; and

therefore to be used with all reverence, as containing the holy word of God,

which only is our direction in all things whatsoever. <550316>2 Timothy 3:16;

<430539>John 5:39.

24. That magistracy is a holy ordinance of God; that every soul ought to be

subject to it, not for fear only, but for conscience’ sake. Magistrates are the

ministers of God for our wealth, they bear not the sword for nought. They are

the ministers of God, to take vengeance on them that do evil. That it is a fearful

sin to speak evil of them that are in dignity, and to despise government. We

ought to pay tribute, custom, and all other duties. Romans 13.; <610210>2 Peter 2:10.

That we are to pray for them; for God would have them saved, and come to the

knowledge of his truth. <540201>1 Timothy 2:1, 4. And therefore they may be

members of the church of Christ, retaining their magistracy; for no ordinance

of God debarreth any from being a member of Christ’s church. They bear the

sword of God; which sword, in all lawful administrations, is to be defended

and supported by the servants of God that are under their government, with

their lives, and all that they have, according as in the first institution of that

holy ordinance. And whosoever holds otherwise, must hold, if they understand

themselves, that they are the ministers of the devil, and therefore not to be

prayed for, nor approved, in any of their administrations; seeing all things they

do, as punishing offenders, and defending their countries, state, and persons by

the sword, is unlawful. That it is lawful in a just cause, for the deciding of

strife, to take an oath by the name of the Lord. <580616>Hebrews 6:16; <470123>2

Corinthians 1:23; <500108>Philippians 1:8.

25. That the dead shall rise again, and the living be changed in a moment;

having the same bodies in substance, though diverse in qualities. <461552>1

Corinthians 15:52; <183819>Job 38:19; 15:28; <422430>Luke 24:30.

26. That after the resurrection, all men shall appear before the judgment scat of

Christ, to be judged according to their works. That the godly shall enjoy life

eternal; the wicked, being condemned, shall be tormented everlastingly in hell.

<402546>Matthew 25:46.

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