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613 Laws

27 Jun

The 613 Old Testament Commandments

The following information comes from WILLMINGTON’S GUIDE TO THE BIBLE by Dr. H. L. Willmington TYNDALE HOUSE PUBLISHERS, INC. Wheaton, Illinois and are placed here for research and edification purposes only

The total number of the biblical commandments (precepts and prohibitions) is given in rabbinic tradition as 613. It is held that all 613 were revealed to Moses at Mt. Sinai, and that they fall into two classifications. 1.    Mandatory laws—248 in number, corresponding to the limbs of the human body (divided into eighteen sections). 2.    Prohibition laws—365 in number, equal to the solar days in a year (divided into thirteen sections).

The Mandatory Commandments

God

1.    One must believe that God exists (Ex. 20:2).

2.    Acknowledge his unity (Deut. 6:4).

3.    Love God (Deut. 6:5).

4.    Fear God (Deut. 6:13).

5.    Serve God (Ex. 23:25; Deut. 11:13).

6.    Cleave to God (Deut. 10:20).

7.    Swear only by his name (Deut. 10:20).

8.    Imitate God (Deut. 28:9).

9.    Sanctify God’s name (Lev. 22:32).

Torah

10.    The shema must be recited each morning and evening (Deut. 6:7).

11.    Study the Torah and teach it to others (Deut. 6:7).

12.    The Tefillin must be bound on one’s head (Deut. 6:8).

13.    It should be also bound on one’s arm (Deut. 6:8).

14.    A zizit is to be made for the garments (Num. 15:38).

15.    A mezuzah is to be fixed on the door (Deut. 6:9).

16.    The people are to assemble every seventh month to hear the Torah read (Deut. 31:12).

17.    The king must write a special copy of the Torah for himself (Deut. 17:18).

18.    Each Jew should have a Torah scroll for himself (Deut. 31:19).

19.    God is to be praised after meals (Deut. 8:10).

Temple and the Priest

20.    The Jews should build a Temple (Ex. 25:8).

21.    They should respect it (Lev. 19:30).

22.    It must be guarded at all times (Num. 18:4).

23.    The Levites should perform their special duties in it (Num. 18:23).

24.    Before entering the Temple or participating in its service, the priests must wash their hands and feet (Ex. 30:19).

25.    The priests must light the candelabrum daily (Ex. 27:20, 21).

26.    The priests must bless Israel (Num. 6:23).

27.    They must set the shewbread and frankincense before the altar (Ex. 25:30).

28.    The incense must be burned twice daily on the golden altar (Ex. 30:7).

29.    Fire shall be kept burning on the altar continually (Lev. 6:13).

30.    The ashes are to be removed daily (Lev. 6:10, 11).

31.    Ritually unclean persons must be kept out of the Temple (Num. 5:2).

32.    Israel is to honor its priests (Lev. 21:8).

33.    The priests must be dressed in special priestly raiment (Ex. 28:2).

34.    The ark is to be carried on the shoulders of the priests (Num. 7:9).

35.    The oil used in anointing must be prepared according to a special formula (Ex. 30:31). 3

6.    The priestly families should officiate in rotation (Deut. 18:6-8).

37.    In honor of certain dead close relatives, the priests should make themselves ritually unclean (Lev. 21:2, 3).

38.    The high priest may marry only a virgin (Lev. 21:13).

Sacrifices

39.    The tamid sacrifice must be offered twice daily (Num. 28:3).

40.    The high priest must also offer a meal offering twice daily (Lev. 6:13).

41.    An additional sacrifice (musaf) should be offered every Sabbath (Num. 28:9).

42.    One shall also be offered on the first of every month (Num. 28:11).

43.    A musaf is to be offered on each of the seven days of Passover (Lev. 23:36).

44.    On the second day of Passover a meal offering of the first barley must also be brought (Lev. 23:10).

45.    On Shavuot a musaf must be offered (Num. 28:26, 27).

46.    Two loaves of bread must be offered as a wave offering (Lev. 23:17).

47.    An additional sacrifice must be made on Rosh Ha-Shanah (Num. 29:1, 2).

48.    Another offering must be made on the day of atonement (Num. 29:7, 8).

49.    On this day the avodah must also be performed (Lev. 16).

50.    On every day of the festival of Sukkot a musaf must be brought (Num. 29:13).

51.    It is to be brought also on the eighth day thereof (Num. 29:36).

52.    Every male Jew should make pilgrimage to the Temple three times a year (Ex. 23:14).

53.    He must appear there during the three pilgrim festivals (Ex. 34:23; Deut. 16:16).

54.    One should rejoice on the festivals (Deut. 16:14).

55.    On the fourteenth of Nisan one should slaughter the paschal lamb (Ex. 12:6).

56.    The lamb is then to be roasted and eaten on the night of the fifteenth (Ex. 12:8).

57.    Those who were ritually impure in Nisan should slaughter the paschal lamb on the fourteenth of Lyyar (Num. 9:11).

58.    It should then be eaten with mazzah and bitter herbs (Ex. 12:8; Num. 9:11).

59.    Trumpets should be sounded when the festive sacrifices are brought, and also in times of tribulation (Num. 10:10).

60.    Cattle to be sacrificed must be at least eight days old (Lev. 22:27).

61.    They must also be without blemish (Lev. 22:21).

62.    All offerings must be salted (Lev. 2:13).

63.    It is a mitzvah to perform the ritual of the burnt offering (Lev. 1:2).

64.    This is also true with the sin offering (Lev. 6:18).

65.    This is also true with the guilt offering (Lev. 7:1).

66.    This is also true with the peace offering (Lev. 3:1).

67.    This is also true with the meal offering (Lev. 2:1; 6:7).

68.    Should the Sanhedrin err in a decision, its members must bring a sin offering (Lev. 4:13).

69.    This offering must also be brought by a person who has unwittingly transgressed a karet (Lev. 4:27).

70.    When in doubt as to whether one has transgressed such a prohibition, a “suspensive” guilt offering must be brought (Lev. 5:17, 18).

71.    For stealing or swearing falsely and for other sins of like nature, a guilt offering must be brought (Lev. 5:15; 19:20, 21; 21-25).

72.    In special circumstances the sin offering can be according to one’s means (Lev. 5:1-11).

73.    One must confess one’s sins before God and repent for them (Num. 5:6, 7).

74.    A man who has a seminal issue must bring a sacrifice (Lev. 15:13-15).

75.    A woman who has an issue must bring a sacrifice (Lev. 15:28, 29).

76.    A woman must also bring a sacrifice after childbirth (Lev. 12:6).

77.    A leper must bring a sacrifice after he has been cleansed (Lev. 14:10). 78.    One must tithe one’s cattle (Lev. 27:32).

79.    The firstborn of clean (permitted) cattle are holy and must be sacrificed (Ex. 13:2).

80.    The firstborn of man must be redeemed (Ex. 22:28; Num. 18:15).

81.    The firstling of the ass must be redeemed (Ex. 34:20).

82.    If not, its neck is to be broken (Ex. 13:13).

83.    Animals set aside as offerings must be brought to Jerusalem without delay (Deut. 12:5, 6).

84.    They may be sacrificed only in the Temple (Deut. 12:14).

85.    Offerings from outside the land of Israel may also be brought to the Temple (Deut. 12:26).

86.    Sanctified animals which have become blemished must be redeemed (Deut. 12:15).

87.    A beast exchanged for an offering is also holy (Lev. 27:33).

88.    The priests should eat the remainder of the meal offering (Lev. 6:9).

89.    They also are to eat of the flesh of sin and guilt offerings (Ex. 29:33).

90.    But consecrated flesh which has become ritually unclean must be burned (Lev. 7:19).

91.    Also, that flesh not eaten within its appointed time must be burned (Lev. 7:17).

Vows

92.    A Nazarite must let his hair grow during the period of his separation (Num. 6:5).

93.    When that period is over he must shave his head and bring his sacrifice (Num. 6:18).

94.    A man must honor his vows and his oaths (Deut. 23:24).

95.    These can only be annulled in accordance with the law (Num. 30:3).

Ritual Purity

96.    Anyone who touches a carcass becomes ritually unclean (Lev. 11:8, 24).

97.    Anyone who touches one of the eight species of reptiles becomes ritually unclean (Lev. 11:29-31).

98.    Food becomes unclean by coming into contact with a ritually unclean object (Lev. 11:34).

99.    Menstruous women are ritually impure (Lev. 15:19).

100.    After childbirth women are ritually impure for seven days (Lev. 12:2).

101.    A leper is ritually unclean (Lev. 13:3).

102.    A leprous garment is ritually unclean (Lev. 13:51).

103.    A leprous house is unclean (Lev. 14:44).

104.    A man having a running issue is unclean (Lev. 15:2).

105.    Semen is unclean (Lev. 15:16).

106.    A woman suffering from a running issue is unclean (Lev. 15:19).

107.    A human corpse is unclean (Num. 19:14).

108.    The purification water purifies the unclean, but it makes the clean ritually impure (Num. 19:13, 21).

109.    It is a mitzvah to become ritually clean by ritual immersion (Lev. 15:16).

110.    To become cleansed of leprosy one must follow the specified procedures (Lev. 14:2).

111.    He must shave off all of his hair (Lev. 14:9).

112.    Until cleansed, the leper must be bareheaded with clothing in disarray so as to be easily distinguishable (Lev. 13:45).

113.    The ashes of the red heifer are to be used in the process of ritual purification (Num. 19:2-9).

Donations to the Temple

114.    If a person undertakes to give his own value to the Temple he must do so (Lev. 27:2-8).

115.    If a man declares an unclean beast as a donation to the Temple he must give the animal’s value in money as fixed by the priest (Lev. 27:11, 12).

116.    This is true concerning a house (Lev. 27:14). 117.    This is true concerning a field (Lev. 27:16, 22, 23).

118.    If one unwittingly derives benefits from Temple property, full restitution plus a fifth must be made (Lev. 5:16).

119.    The fruit of the fourth year’s growth of trees is holy and may be eaten only in Jerusalem (Lev. 19:24).

120.    In reaping a field one must leave the corners for the poor (Lev. 19:9). 121.    The gleanings also must be left (Lev. 19:9).

122.    The forgotten sheaves must also be left (Deut. 24:19).

123.    The misformed bunches of grapes must also be left (Lev. 19:10).

124.    The gleanings of the grapes must also be left (Lev. 19:10).

125.    The firstfruits must be separated and brought to the Temple (Ex. 23:19).

126.    The great heave offering (terumah) must be separated and given to the priest (Deut. 18:4).

127.    One must give one tenth of his produce to the Levites (Lev. 27:30; Num. 18:24).

128.    A second tithe is to be separated and eaten only in Jerusalem (Deut. 14:22).

129.    The Levites must give a tenth of their tithe to the priests (Num. 18:26).

130.    In the third and sixth years of the seven-year cycle one was to separate a tithe for the poor instead of the second tithe (Deut. 14:28).

131.    A declaration was to be recited when separating the various tithes (Deut. 26:13).

132.    This was also required when bringing the firstfruits to the Temple (Deut. 26:5).

133.    The first portion of the dough must be given to the priest (Num. 15:20).

The Sabbatical Year

134.    In the seventh year everything that grows is ownerless and available to all (Ex. 23:11).

135.    The fields were to be fallow and the ground was not to be tilled (Ex. 34:21).

136.    The jubilee year (fiftieth) was to be sanctified (Lev. 25:10).

137.    On the day of atonement the shafar was to be sounded and all Hebrew slaves set free (Lev. 25:9).

138.    In the jubilee year all land was to be returned to its ancestral owners (Lev. 25:24).

139.    In a walled city the seller had the right to buy back a house within a year of the sale (Lev. 25:29, 30).

140.    Starting from entry into the land of Israel, the years of the jubilee must be counted and announced yearly and septennially (Lev. 25:8).

141.    In the seventh year all debts are annulled (Deut. 15:3).

142.    However, one could collect upon a debt owed by a stranger (Deut. 15:3).

Concerning Animals for Consumption

143.    A priest must receive his share of a slaughtered animal (Deut. 18:3).

144.    He also is to receive the first of the fleece (Deut. 18:4).

145.    A herem (special vow) must distinguish between that which belongs to the Temple and that which goes to the priests (Lev. 27:21, 28).

146.    To be fit for consumption, beast and fowl must be slaughtered according to the law (Deut. 12:21).

147.    If they are not of a domesticated species, their blood must be covered with earth after slaughter (Lev. 17:13).

148.    The parent bird was to be set free when taking the nest (Deut. 22:7).

149.    Beasts to be examined to see if they were permitted for consumption (Lev. 11:2).

150.    The same was true for fowls (Deut. 14:11).

151.    The same was true for locusts (Lev. 11:21).

152.    The same was true for fish (Lev. 11:9).

153.    The Sanhedrin was to sanctify the first day of every month and reckon the years and the seasons (Ex. 12:2; Deut. 16:1).

Festivals

154.    One was to rest on the Sabbath (Ex. 23:12).

155.    This day was to be declared holy at its onset and termination (Ex. 20:8).

156.    On the fourteenth of Nisan all leaven was to be removed from each household (Ex. 12:15).

157.    On the fifteenth of Nisan the Exodus account must be related (Ex. 13:8).

158.    During the fifteenth the mazzah is to be eaten (Ex. 12:18).

159.    On the first day of Passover one must rest (Ex. 12:16).

160.    On the seventh day of Passover one must also rest (Ex. 12:16).

161.    Starting from the day of the first sheaf (sixteenth of Nisan) one shall count forty-nine days (Lev. 23:35).

162.    One was to rest on the Shavvot (Lev. 23).

163.    One was to rest on Rosh Ha-Shanah (Lev. 23:24).

164.    On the day of atonement one must fast (Lev. 16:29).

165.    On the day of atonement one must rest (Lev. 16:29, 31).

166.    One must rest on the first day of Sukkot (Lev. 23:35).

167.    One must rest on the eighth day of Sukkot (Lev. 23:36).

168.    During the festival of Sukkot, Israel was to dwell in booths (Lev. 23:42).

169.    Four kinds of trees were to be included in the booth construction (Lev. 23:40).

170.    On Rosh Ha-Shanah the shofar was to be sounded (Num. 29:1).

Community

171.    Every male was to give half a shekel to the Temple annually (Ex. 30:12, 13).

172.    A prophet was to be obeyed (Deut. 18:15).

173.    A king was to be appointed (Deut. 17:15).

174.    The Sanhedrin was to be obeyed (Deut. 17:11).

175.    In case of division, the majority opinion would prevail (Ex. 23:2).

176.    Judges and officials shall be appointed in every town (Deut. 16:18).

177.    They shall judge the people impartially (Lev. 19:15).

178.    Whoever is aware of evidence must come to the court to testify (Lev. 5:1).

179.    Witnesses shall be examined thoroughly (Deut. 13:15).

180.    False witnesses shall have done to them what they intended to do to the accused (Deut. 19:19).

181.    Each unsolved murder requires the sacrifice of a red heifer (Deut. 21:4).

182.    Six cities of refuge should be established (Deut. 19:3).

183.    The Levites shall be given cities to live in (Num. 35:2).

184.    A fence should be built around one’s roof to protect others from potential hazards (Deut. 22:8).

Idolatry

185.    Idolatry and its appurtenances must be destroyed (Deut. 7:5; 12:2).

186.    A city which has been perverted must be treated according to the law (Deut. 13:17).

187.    The seven Canaanite nations were to be destroyed (Deut. 20:17).

188.    The memory of Amalek was to be blotted out (Deut. 25:19).

189.    The deeds of Amalek were to be blotted out (Deut. 25:17).

War

190.    All regulations concerning war were to be observed (Deut. 20:11, 12).

191.    A priest was to be appointed for special duties in times of war (Deut. 20:2).

192.    The military camp was to be kept in a sanitary condition (Deut. 23:14, 15).

193.    Each soldier was to be equipped with the necessary implements to assure this (Deut. 23:14).

Social

194.    Stolen property must be restored to its owners (Lev. 6:4).

195.    Give charity to the poor (Lev. 25:35, 36; Deut. 15:8).

196.    When a Hebrew slave goes free, the owner must give him gifts (Deut. 15:14).

197.    The poor were to receive loans without interest (Ex. 22:24).

198.    A loan with interest was permitted to foreigners (Deut. 23:21).

199.    Restore a pledge to its owner if he needs it (Ex. 22:25; Deut. 24:13).

200.    Pay the worker his wages on time (Deut. 24:15).

201.    He is also to be permitted to eat of the produce with which he is working (Deut. 23:24, 25).

202.    Help must be given to unload an animal when necessary (Ex. 23:5).

203.    Help must be given to load man or beast when necessary (Deut. 22:4).

204.    Lost property must be restored to its owner (Ex. 23:4; Deut. 22:1).

205.    It is required to reprove the sinner (Lev. 19:17).

206.    It is required to love one’s neighbor as oneself (Lev. 19:18).

207.    One must also love the proselyte (Deut. 10:19).

208.    Weights and measures must be accurate (Lev. 19:36).

Family

209.    Respect the wise (Lev. 19:32).

210.    Honor one’s parents (Ex. 20:12).

211.    Fear one’s parents (Lev. 19:3).

212.    One should marry to perpetuate the human race (Gen. 1:28).

213.    Marriage is to be governed by the law (Deut. 24:1).

214.    A bridegroom is to rejoice with his bride for one year (Deut. 24:5).

215.    Male children must be circumcised (Gen. 17:10; Lev. 12:3).

216.    If a man dies childless his brother should marry his widow (Deut. 25:5).

217.    If not, he must then release her (halizah) (Deut. 25:9).

218.    He who violates a virgin must marry her and may never divorce her (Deut. 22:29).

219.    If a man unjustly accuses his wife of premarital promiscuity he shall be flogged, and may never divorce her (Deut. 22:18, 19).

220.    The seducer must be punished according to the law (Ex. 22:15-23).

221.    The female captive must be treated in accordance with her special regulations (Deut. 21:11).

222.    Divorce could be executed only by means of a written document (Deut. 24:1).

223.    A woman suspected of adultery had to submit to the required test (Num. 5:15-27).

Judicial

224.    As required by the law, the punishment of flogging must be administered (Deut. 25:2).

225.    The one guilty of unwitting homicide must be exiled (Num. 35:25).

226.    Capital punishment may be by the sword (Ex. 21:20).

227.    It may also be by strangulation (Ex. 21:16).

228.    It may also be by fire (Lev. 20:14).

229.    It may also be by stoning (Deut. 22:24).

230.    In some cases the body of the executed shall be hanged (Deut. 21:22).

231.    In this case the body must be buried on the same day (Deut. 21:23).

Slaves

232.    Hebrew slaves must be treated according to the special laws for them (Ex. 21:2).

233.    The master should marry his Hebrew maidservant (Ex. 21:8).

234.    If not, he must redeem her (Ex. 21:8).

235.    The alien slave must be treated according to the regulations applying to him (Lev. 25:46).

Torts

236.    The applicable law must be administered in the case of injury caused by a person (Ex. 21:18).

237.    This is true if injury is caused by an animal (Ex. 21:28).

238.    This is true if injury is caused by a pit (Ex. 21:33, 34).

239.    Thieves must be punished (Ex. 21:36–22:3).

240.    Judgment must be rendered in cases of trespass by cattle (Ex. 22:4).

241.    This is true also in cases of arson (Ex. 22:5).

242.    This is true also in cases of embezzlement by an unpaid guardian (Ex. 22:6-8).

243.    This is also true in claims against a paid guardian (Ex. 22:9-12).

244.    This is also true in claims against a hirer or a borrower (Ex. 22:13).

245.    This is also true in disputes arising out of sales (Lev. 25:14).

246.    This is also true concerning inheritance disputes (Ex. 22:8).

247.    This is true in all other matters (Deut. 25:12).

248.    The persecuted are to be rescued even if it means killing the oppressor (Num. 27:8).

The Prohibition Commandments

 

Idolatry and Related Practices

1.    One must not believe in any but the one true God (Ex. 20:3).

2.    Do not make images for yourself (Ex. 20:4).

3.    Do not make images for others to worship (Lev. 19:4).

4.    Do not make images for any purpose (Ex. 20:20).

5.    Do not bow down to any image (Ex. 20:5).

6.    Do not serve any image (Ex. 20:5).

7.    Do not sacrifice children to Molech (Lev. 18:21).

8.    Do not practice necromancy (Lev. 19:31).

9.    Do not resort to familiar spirits (Lev. 19:31).

10.    Do not take the mythology of idolatry seriously (Lev. 19:4).

11.    Do not construct a pillar even for the worship of God (Deut. 16:22).

12.    Do not construct a dais for the same purpose (Lev. 20:1).

13.    Do not plant trees in the Temple (Deut. 16:21).

14.    Do not swear by idols or instigate an idolater to do so (Ex. 23:13).

15.    Do not encourage idol worship even by non-Jews (Ex. 23:13).

16.    Do not encourage Jews to worship idols (Deut. 13:12).

17.    Do not listen to anyone who disseminates idolatry (Deut. 13:8).

18.    Do not withhold from hating him (Deut. 13:9).

19.    Do not pity such a person (Deut. 13:9).

20.    Do not defend such a person (Deut. 13:9).

21.    Do not attempt to conceal his crime (Deut. 13:9).

22.    It is forbidden to derive any benefit from the ornaments of idols (Deut. 7:25).

23.    Do not rebuild destroyed idols (Deut. 13:17).

24.    Do not enjoy any benefit from its wealth (Deut. 13:18).

25.    Do not use anything connected with idols or idolatry (Deut. 7:26).

26.    It is forbidden to prophesy in the name of idols (Deut. 18:20).

27.    It is forbidden to prophesy falsely in the name of God (Deut. 18:20).

28.    Do not listen to the one who prophesies for idols (Deut. 13:3, 4).

29.    Do not fear the false prophet nor hinder his execution by death (Deut. 18:22).

30.    Do not imitate the ways of idolaters or practice their customs (Lev. 20:23).

31.    Do not practice their customs (Lev. 19:26).

32.    Do not practice their soothsaying (Deut. 18:10).

33.    Do not practice their enchanting (Deut. 18:10, 11).

34.    Do not practice their sorcery (Deut. 18:10, 11).

35.    Do not practice their charming (Deut. 18:10, 11).

36.    Do not imitate their consulting of ghosts (Deut. 18:10, 11).

37.    Do not imitate their speaking to familiar spirits (Deut. 18:10, 11).

38.    Do not imitate their necromancy (Deut. 18:10, 11).

39.    Women are not to wear male clothing (Deut. 22:5).

40.    Men are not to wear female clothing (Deut. 22:5).

41.    Do not tattoo yourself in the manner of the idolaters (Lev. 19:28).

42.    Do not wear garments made of both wool and linen (Deut. 22:11).

43.    Do not shave the sides of your head (Lev. 19:27).

44.    Do not shave your beard (Lev. 19:27).

45.    Do not lacerate yourself over your dead (Lev. 19:28; Deut. 14:1; 16:1).

Prohibitions Resulting from Historical Events

46.    It is forbidden to return to Egypt and dwell there permanently (Deut. 17:16).

47.    Do not indulge in impure thoughts or sights (Num. 15:39).

48.    Do not make a pact with the seven Canaanite nations (Ex. 23:32).

49.    Do not save the life of any of them (Deut. 20:16).

50.    Do not show mercy to idolaters (Deut. 7:2). 51.    Do not permit them to dwell in Israel (Ex. 23:33).

52.    Do not intermarry with them (Deut. 7:3).

53.    A Jewess may not marry an Ammonite or Moabite even if he converts to Judaism (Deut. 23:4).

54.    One should not hate a descendant of Esau because of his genealogy (Deut. 23:8).

55.    One should not hate an Egyptian because of his genealogy (Deut. 23:8).

56.    Do not make peace with the Ammonite or Moabite nations (Deut. 23:7).

57.    Fruit trees are forbidden to be destroyed even in times of war (Deut. 20:19).

58.    Do not fear your enemy (Deut. 7:21).

59.    Do not forget the evil done by Amalek (Deut. 25:19).

Blasphemy

60.    Do not blaspheme the holy name (Lev. 24:16).

61.    Do not break an oath made by his holy name (Lev. 19:12).

62.    Do not take God’s name in vain (Ex. 20:7).

63.    Do not profane it (Lev. 22:32).

64.    Do not try the Lord God (Deut. 6:16).

65.    Do not erase God’s name from the holy texts or destroy institutions devoted to his worship (Deut. 12:4).

66.    Do not allow the body of one hanged to remain so overnight (Deut. 21:23).

Temple

67.    Be not lax in guarding the Temple. (Num. 18:5).

68.    The high priest must not enter the Temple indiscriminately (Lev. 16:2).

69.    A priest with a physical blemish may not enter there at all (Lev. 21:23).

70.    He cannot serve there even if the blemish is of a temporary nature (Lev. 21:17).

71.    He may not participate in the service there until it has passed (Lev. 21:18).

72.    The Levites and the priests must not interchange in their functions (Num. 18:3).

73.    Intoxicated persons may not enter the sanctuary or teach the law (Lev. 10:9-11).

74.    It is forbidden for non-priests to serve in the Temple (Num. 18:4).

75.    This is also true for unclean priests (Lev. 22:2).

76.    This is also true for priests who have performed the necessary ablution but are still within the time limit of their uncleanness (Lev. 21:6).

77.    No unclean person may enter the Temple (Num. 5:3).

78.    No unclean person may enter the Temple mount (Deut. 23:11).

79.    The altar must not be made of hewn stones (Ex. 20:25).

80.    The ascent leading to it must not be by steps (Ex. 20:26).

81.    The fire on it may not be extinguished (Lev. 6:6).

82.    Nothing but the specified incense may be burned on the golden altar (Ex. 30:9).

83.    Regular oil cannot be manufactured with the same ingredients as that of anointing oil (Ex. 30:32).

84.    Anointing oil cannot be misused (Ex. 30:32).

85.    Regular incense cannot be used on the golden altar (Ex. 30:37).

86.    Do not remove the staves from the ark (Ex. 25:15).

87.    Do not remove the breastplate from the ephod (Ex. 28:28).

88.    Do not make any incision in the upper garment of the high priest (Ex. 28:32).

Sacrifices

89.    Do not offer sacrifices outside the Temple (Deut. 12:13).

90.    Do not slaughter consecrated animals outside the Temple (Lev. 17:3, 4).

91.    Do not sanctify a blemished animal (Lev. 22:20).

92.    Do not slaughter a blemished animal (Lev. 22:22).

93.    Do not sprinkle the blood of a blemished animal (Lev. 22:24).

94.    Do not burn the inner parts of a blemished animal (Lev. 22:22).

95.    Do not do any of the above even if the blemish is of a temporary nature (Deut. 17:1).

96.    Do not even allow a Gentile to offer such an animal (Lev. 22:25).

97.    Do not inflict a blemish on an animal consecrated for sacrifice (Lev. 22:21).

98.    Leaven or honey may not be offered on the altar (Lev. 2:11).

99.    Nothing unsalted may be offered on the altar (Lev. 2:13).

100.    An animal received as the hire of a harlot or as the price of a dog may not be offered (Deut. 23:19).

101.    Do not kill an animal and its young on the same day (Lev. 22:28).

102.    It is forbidden to use olive oil in the sin offering (Lev. 5:11).

103.    The same is true with frankincense (Lev. 5:11).

104.    Do not use olive oil in the jealousy offering (Num. 5:15).

105.    Do not use frankincense in the jealousy offering (Num. 5:15).

106.    Do not substitute sacrifices (Lev. 27:10).

107.    Do not take from one category and give to the other (Lev. 27:26).

108.    Do not redeem the firstborn of permitted animals (Num. 18:17).

109.    Do not sell the tithe of the herd (Lev. 27:33).

110.    Do not sell a field consecrated by the herem vow (Lev. 27:28).

111.    Do not redeem a field consecrated by the herem vow (Lev. 27:28).

112.    In slaughtering a bird for a sin offering, do not split its head (Lev. 5:8).

113.    Do not work with a consecrated animal (Deut. 15:19).

114.    Do not shear a consecrated animal (Deut. 15:19).

115.    Do not slaughter the paschal lamb while there is still leaven about (Ex. 34:25).

116.    Do not leave overnight those parts that are to be offered up (Ex. 23:10).

117.    Do not leave overnight those parts that are to be eaten (Ex. 12:10).

118.    Do not leave any part of the festive offering until the third day (Deut. 16:4).

119.    Do not leave any part of the second paschal lamb (Num. 9:13).

120.    Do not leave the thanksgiving offering until the morning (Lev. 22:30).

121.    Do not break a bone of the first paschal lamb (Ex. 12:46).

122.    Do not break a bone of the second lamb (Num. 9:12).

123.    Do not carry their flesh out of the house where it is being eaten (Ex. 12:46).

124.    Do not allow the remains of the meal offering to become leaven (Lev. 6:10).

125.    Do not eat the paschal lamb raw or sodden (Ex. 12:9).

126.    Do not allow an alien resident to eat of it (Ex. 12:45).

127.    Do not allow an uncircumcised person to eat of it (Ex. 12:48).

128.    Do not allow an apostate to eat of it (Ex. 12:43).

129.    A ritually unclean person must not eat of holy things (Lev. 12:4).

130.    Holy things which have become unclean must not be eaten (Lev. 7:19).

131.    Sacrificial meat which is left after the time-limit cannot be eaten (Lev. 19:6-8).

132.    Meat slaughtered with the wrong intentions cannot be eaten (Lev. 7:18).

133.    The heave offering cannot be eaten by a non-priest (Lev. 22:10).

134.    Neither can a priest’s sojourner or hired worker eat it (Rev. 22:10).

135.    Neither can an uncircumcised person eat it (Lev. 22:10).

136.    Neither can an unclean priest eat it (Lev. 22:4).

137.    The daughter of a priest who is married to a non-priest may not eat of holy things (Lev. 22:12).

138.    The meal offering of the priest must not be eaten (Lev. 6:16).

139.    The flesh of the sin offering sacrificed within the sanctuary may not be eaten (Lev. 6:23).

140.    Consecrated animals which have become blemished cannot be eaten (Deut. 14:3).

141.    Do not eat the second tithe of corn (Deut 12:17).

142.    Do not drink the second tithe of wine (Deut. 12:17).

143.    Do not eat the second tithe of oil (Deut. 12:17).

144.    Do not eat unblemished firstlings outside Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17).

145.    The priests may not eat the sin-offerings or the trespass-offerings outside the Temple courts (Deut. 12:17).

146.    Do not eat the flesh of the burnt offerings at all (Deut. 12:17).

147.    The lighter sacrifices may not be eaten before the blood has been sprinkled (Deut. 12:17).

148.    A non-priest may not eat of the holiest sacrifices (Deut. 12:17).

149.    A priest may not eat the firstfruits outside the Temple courts (Ex. 29:33).

150.    One may not eat the second tithe while in the state of impurity (Deut. 26:14).

151.    One may also not do this if in the state of mourning. (Deut. 26:14).

152.    Its redemption money may not be used for anything other than food and drink (Deut. 26:14).

153.    Do not eat untithed produce (Lev. 22:15).

154.    Do not change the order of separating the various tithes (Ex. 22:28).

155.    Do not delay payment of offerings, either freewill or obligatory (Deut. 23:22).

156.    Do not come to the Temple on the pilgrim festivals without an offering (Ex. 23:15).

157.    Do not break your word (Num. 30:3).

Priests

158.    A priest may not marry a harlot (Lev. 21:7).

159.    He may not marry a profane woman (Lev. 21:7).

160.    He may not marry a divorcee (Lev. 21:7).

161.    The high priest cannot marry a widow (Lev. 21:14).

162.    He cannot take a concubine (Lev. 21:15).

163.    Priests cannot enter the sanctuary with overgrown hair of the head (Lev. 10:6).

164.    They must not enter the sanctuary with torn clothing (Lev. 10:6).

165.    They must not leave the courtyard during the Temple service (Lev. 10:7).

166.    An ordinary priest may not render himself ritually impure except for those relatives specified (Lev. 21:1).

167.    The high priest cannot become impure for anybody (Lev. 21:11).

168.    He cannot become impure for any reason (Lev. 21:11).

169.    The tribe of Levi shall have no part in the division of the land of Israel (Deut. 18:1).

170.    The tribe of Levi shall not partake of the spoils of war (Deut. 18:1).

171.    It is forbidden to make oneself bald as a sign of mourning for one’s dead (Deut. 14:1).

Dietary Laws

172.    A Jew may not eat unclean cattle (Deut. 14:7).

173.    He may not eat unclean fish (Lev. 11:11).

174.    He may not eat unclean fowl (Lev. 11:13).

175.    He may not eat creeping things that fly (Deut. 14:19).

176.    He may not eat creatures that creep upon the ground (Lev. 11:41).

177.    He may not eat reptiles (Lev. 11:44).

178.    He may not eat worms found in fruit or produce (Lev. 11:42).

179.    He may not eat any detestable creature (Lev. 11:43).

180.    He cannot eat an animal that has died naturally (Deut. 14:21).

181.    He cannot eat a torn or mauled animal (Ex. 22:30).

182.    He cannot eat any limb taken from a living animal (Deut. 12:23).

183.    He cannot eat the sinew of the thigh (Gen. 32:32).

184.    He cannot eat blood (Lev. 7:26).

185.    He cannot eat a certain type of fat (Lev. 7:23).

186.    It is forbidden to cook meat together with milk (Ex. 23:19).

187.    It is forbidden to eat of such a mixture (Ex. 34:26).

188.    One cannot eat an ox condemned to stoning (Ex. 21:28).

189.    One may not eat bread made of new corn itself before the omer offering has been brought on the sixteenth of Nisan (Lev. 23:14).

190.    One may not eat of roasted corn until the omer has been offered (Lev. 23:14).

191.    One may not eat of green corn (Lev. 23:14).

192.    One may not eat orlah (Lev. 19:23).

193.    One may not eat the growth of mixed planting in the vineyard (Deut. 22:9).

194.    Any use of wine libations to idols is prohibited (Deut. 32:38).

195.    Gluttony and drunkenness is prohibited (Lev. 19:26; Deut. 21:20).

196.    It is forbidden to eat anything on the day of atonement (Lev. 23:29).

197.    One may not eat leaven (hamez) during the Passover (Ex. 13:3).

198.    One may not eat anything containing an admixture of such during the Passover (Ex. 13:20).

199.    One may not eat leaven the day before the Passover (Deut. 16:3).

200.    During the Passover no leaven may be seen in one’s possession (Ex. 13:7).

201.    During the Passover no leaven may be found in one’s possession (Ex. 12:19).

Nazarites

202.    A Nazarite may not drink wine or any beverage made from grapes (Num. 6:3).

203.    He may not eat fresh grapes (Num. 6:3).

204.    He may not eat dried grapes (Num. 6:3).

208.    He may not eat grape seeds (Num. 6:4). 206.    He may not eat grape peel (Num. 6:4).

207.    He may not render himself ritually impure for his dead (Num. 6:7).

208.    He may not enter a tent in which there is a corpse (Lev. 21:11).

209.    He must not shave his hair (Num. 6:5).

Agriculture

210.    One cannot reap the whole of a field without leaving the corners for the poor (Lev. 23:22).

211.    Do not gather up the ears of corn that fall during reaping or during harvest (Lev. 19:9).

212.    Do not gather the misformed clusters of grapes (Lev. 19:10).

213.    Do not gather the grapes that fall (Lev. 19:10).

214.    Do not return to take a forgotten sheaf (Deut. 24:19).

215.    Do not sow different species of seed together (Lev. 19:19).

216.    Do not sow corn in a vineyard (Deut. 22:9).

217.    Do not crossbreed different species of animals (Lev. 19:19).

218.    Do not work with two different species yoked together (Deut. 22:10).

219.    Do not muzzle an animal working in a field to prevent it from eating (Deut. 25:4).

220.    Do not till the earth in the seventh year (Lev. 25:4).

221.    Do not prune trees in the seventh year (Lev. 25:4).

222.    Do not reap (in the usual manner) produce in the seventh year (Lev. 25:5).

223.    Do not reap fruit in the seventh year (Lev. 25:5).

224.    Do not till the earth or prune trees in the jubilee year (Lev. 25:11).

225.    Do not harvest produce in the jubilee year (Lev. 25:11).

226.    Do not harvest fruit in the jubilee year (Lev. 25:11).

227.    One may not sell one’s landed inheritance in the land of Israel permanently (Lev. 25:23).

228.    One may not change the lands of the Levites (Lev. 25:33).

229.    One may not leave the Levites without support (Deut. 12:19).

Loans, Business, and the Treatment of Slaves

230.    One cannot demand repayment of a loan after the seventh year (Deut. 15:2).

231.    One may however refuse to lend to the poor because that year is approaching (Deut. 15:9).

232.    Do not deny charity to the poor (Deut. 15:7).

233.    Do not send a Hebrew slave away empty-handed when he finishes his period of service (Deut. 15:13).

234.    Do not dun a debtor when you know he cannot pay (Ex. 22:24).

235.    Do not lend to another Jew at interest (Lev. 25:37).

236.    Do not borrow from another Jew at interest (Deut. 23:20).

237.    Do not participate in an agreement involving interest either as a guarantor, witness, or writer of the contract (Ex. 22:24).

238.    Do not delay payment of wages (Lev. 19:13).

239.    Do not take a pledge from a debtor by violence (Deut. 24:10).

240.    Do not keep a poor man’s pledge when he needs it (Deut. 24:12).

241.    Do not take any pledge from a widow (Deut. 24:17).

242.    Do not take a pledge from any debtor if he earns his living with it (Deut. 24:6).

243.    Kidnaping a Jew is forbidden (Ex. 20:13).

244.    Do not steal (Lev. 19:11).

245.    Do not rob by violence (Lev. 19:13).

246.    Do not remove a landmark (Deut. 19:14).

247.    Do not defraud (Lev. 19:13).

248.    Do not deny receipt of a loan or a deposit (Lev. 19:11).

249.    Do not swear falsely regarding another man’s property (Lev. 19:11).

250.    Do not deceive anybody in business (Lev. 25:14).

251.    Do not mislead a man even verbally (Lev. 25:17).

252.    Do not harm a stranger verbally (Ex. 22:20).

253.    Do not do him injury in trade (Ex. 22:20).

254.    Do not return a runaway slave who has fled to the land of Israel to his master (Deut. 23:16).

255.    Do not take any advantage of such a slave (Deut. 23:17).

256.    Do not afflict the widow or the orphan (Ex. 22:21).

257.    Do not misuse a Hebrew slave (Lev. 25:39).

258.    Do not sell a Hebrew slave (Lev. 25:42).

259.    Do not treat him cruelly (Lev. 25:43).

260.    Do not allow a heathen to mistreat him (Lev. 25:53).

261.    Do not sell your Hebrew maidservant (Ex. 21:8).

262.    If you marry her, do not withhold food, clothing, and conjugal rights from her (Ex. 21:10).

263.    Do not sell a female captive (Deut. 21:14).

264.    Do not treat her as a slave (Deut. 21:14).

265.    Do not covet another man’s possessions (Ex. 20:17).

266.    Even the desire alone is forbidden (Deut. 8:18).

267.    A worker must not cut down standing corn during his work (Deut. 23:25).

268.    He must not take more fruit than he can eat (Deut. 23:25).

269.    One must not keep a lost article he has found (Deut. 22:3).

270.    One cannot refuse to help a man or an animal which is collapsing under its burden (Ex. 23:5).

271.    It is forbidden to defraud with weights and measures (Lev. 19:35).

272.    It is forbidden to possess inaccurate weights (Deut. 25:13).

Justice

273.    A judge must not perpetrate injustice (Lev. 19:15). 274.    He must not accept bribes (Ex. 23:8).

275.    He must not be partial (Lev. 19:15). 276.    He must not be afraid (Deut. 1:17).

277.    He may not favor the poor (Ex. 23:3; Lev. 19:15).

278.    He may not discriminate against the wicked (Ex. 23:6).

279.    He shall not pity the condemned (Deut. 19:13).

280.    He shall not pervert the judgment of strangers or orphans (Deut. 24:17).

281.    It is forbidden to hear one litigant without the other being present (Ex. 23:1).

282.    A capital case cannot be decided by a majority of one (Ex. 23:2).

283.    A judge should not accept another judge’s opinion unless he is convinced of its correctness (Ex. 23:2).

284.    One ignorant of the law cannot be appointed as a judge (Deut. 1:17).

285.    Do not give false testimony (Ex. 20:16).

286.    Do not accept testimony from a wicked person (Ex. 23:1).

287.    Do not accept testimony from relatives of a person involved in the case (Deut. 24:16).

288.    Do not pronounce judgment on the basis of the testimony of one witness (Deut. 19:15).

289.    Do not murder (Ex. 20:13).

290.    Do not convict on circumstantial evidence alone (Ex. 23:7).

291.    A witness must not sit as a judge in capital cases (Num. 35:30).

292.    Do not execute anybody without proper trial and conviction (Num. 35:12).

293.    Do not pity or spare the pursuer (Deut. 25:12).

294.    Punishment is not to be inflicted for an act committed under duress (Deut. 22:26).

295.    Do not accept ransom for a murderer (Num. 35:31).

296.    Do not accept ransom for a manslayer (Num. 35:32).

297.    Do not hesitate to save another person from danger (Lev. 19:16).

298.    Do not leave a stumblingblock in the way (Deut. 22:8).

299.    Do not mislead another person by giving wrong advice (Lev. 19:14).

300.    Do not tell tales (Lev. 19:16).

301.    It is forbidden to administer more than the assigned number of lashes to the guilty (Deut. 25:2, 3)

302.    Do not bear hatred in your heart (Lev. 19:17).

303.    Do not shame a Jew (Lev. 19:17).

304.    Do not bear a grudge (Lev. 19:18).

305.    Do not take revenge (Lev. 19:18).

306.    Do not take the dam when you take the young birds (Deut. 22:6).

307.    Do not shave a leprous scall (Lev. 13:33).

308.    Do not remove other signs of that affliction (Deut. 24:8).

309.    Do not cultivate a valley in which a slain body was found (Deut. 21:4).

310.    Do not suffer a witch to live (Ex. 22:17).

311.    Do not force a bridegroom to perform military service during the first year of his marriage (Deut. 24:5).

312.    Do not rebel against the transmitters of the tradition of the law (Deut. 17:11).

313.    Do not add to the precepts of the law (Deut. 13:1).

314.    Do not subtract from the precepts of the law (Deut. 13:1).

315.    Do not curse a judge (Ex. 22:27).

316.    Do not curse a ruler (Ex. 22:27).

317.    Do not curse any Jew (Lev. 19:14).

318.    Do not curse a parent (Ex. 21:17).

319.    Do not strike a parent (Ex. 21:15).

320.    Do not work on the Sabbath (Ex. 20:10).

321.    Do not walk further than the permitted limits (Ex. 16:29).

322.    Do not inflict punishment on the Sabbath (Ex. 35:3).

323.    Do not work on the first day of the Passover (Ex. 12:16).

324.    Do not work on the seventh day of the Passover (Ex. 12:16).

325.    Do not work on the Shavuot (Lev. 23:21).

326.    Do not work on Rosh Ha-Shanah (Lev. 23:25).

327.    Do not work on the first day of Sukkot (Lev. 23:35).

328.    Do not work on the eighth day of Sukkot (Lev. 23:36).

329.    Do not work on the day of atonement (Lev. 23:28).

Incest and Other Forbidden Relationships

330.    It is forbidden to have sexual relations with one’s mother (Lev. 18:7).

331.    This is true also with one’s step-mother (Lev. 18:8).

332.    This is true with one’s sister (Lev. 18:9).

333.    This is true with one’s step-sister (Lev. 18:11).

334.    This is true with a daughter-in-law (Lev. 18:10).

335.    This is true with a granddaughter (Lev. 18:10).

336.    This is true with a daughter (Lev. 18:10).

337.    This is also forbidden between mother and daughter (Lev. 18:17).

338.    It is forbidden between a mother and her daughter-in-law (Lev. 18:17).

339.    It is forbidden between a grandmother and her granddaughter (Lev. 18:17).

340.    It is forbidden between nephew and aunt (Lev. 18:12).

341.    It is forbidden between niece and aunt (Lev. 18:13).

342.    It is forbidden with one’s paternal uncle’s wife (Lev. 18:14).

343.    It is forbidden with one’s daughter-in-law (Lev. 18:15).

344.    It is forbidden with one’s brother’s wife (Lev. 18:16).

345.    It is forbidden with one’s wife’s sister (Lev. 18:18).

346.    It is forbidden to have sexual relations with a menstruous woman (Lev. 18:19).

347.    Do not commit adultery (Lev. 18:20).

348.    A man shall not have sexual relations with an animal (Lev. 18:23).

349.    A woman shall not have sexual relations with an animal (Lev. 18:23).

350.    Homosexuality is forbidden (Lev. 18:22).

351.    Homosexuality is forbidden with one’s father (Lev. 18:7).

352.    Homosexuality is forbidden with one’s uncle (Lev. 15:14).

353.    It is forbidden to have any intimate physical contact with anyone except one’s own wife (Lev. 18:6).

354.    A mamzer may not marry a Jewess (Deut. 23:3).

355.    Harlotry is forbidden (Deut. 23:18). 356.    A divorcée may not be remarried to her first husband if, in the meanwhile, she has married another (Deut. 24:4).

357.    A childless widow may not marry anybody other than her late husband’s brother (Deut. 25:5).

358.    A man may not divorce a wife whom he married after having raped her (Deut. 22:29).

359.    This is also true if he has slandered her (Deut. 22:19).

360.    An eunuch may not marry a Jewess (Deut. 23:2).

361.    Castration is forbidden (Lev. 22:24).

The Monarchy

362.    An elected king must be of the seed of Israel (Deut. 17:15).

363.    He must not accumulate an excess number of horses (Deut. 17:16).

364.    He must not multiply unto himself many wives (Deut. 17:17).

365.    He must not multiply unto himself much wealth (Deut. 17:17).

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Posted by on June 27, 2017 in academics, Bible, church, education, faith, history, homosexuality, illness, Justice, leadership, theology

 

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