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Just Archaeology- 15

21 Jan

#1. New fragment of Mark— I like Dr. Craig Evans. I try to read his books and listen to his lectures as often as I can. he is probably the best scholar out there at this time. One of the more honest ones who truly explains his topic so that everyone can understand what he is talking about. Here are a couple links to two good videos of his, one talking about the new fragment of Mark and one talking about the minimalist school of archaeological thought.

Minimalism http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cFmbSdFXt_k

Mark fragmenthttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8kPgACbtRRs

His Websitehttp://craigaevans.com/

#2. Other Comments On Mark fragment— Just a round up of what is being said by others on this topic. Some are not that great in their analysis

http://www.livescience.com/49489-oldest-known-gospel-mummy-mask.html

http://evangelicaltextualcriticism.blogspot.kr/2015/01/questions-about-first-century-mark.html

http://www.patheos.com/blogs/exploringourmatrix/2015/01/the-markan-mummy.html

https://facesandvoices.wordpress.com/2014/11/25/mark-strikes-back-mummy-cartonnage-and-christian-apologetics-again/

http://ehrmanblog.org/new-manuscripts-and-the-destruction-of-antiquities/

This complete disregard for the sanctity of surviving antiquities is, for many, many of us not just puzzling but flat-out distressing.   It appears that the people behind and the people doing this destruction of antiquities are all conservative evangelical Christians, who care nothing about the preservation of the past – they care only about getting their paws on a small  fragment of a manuscript

This quote from Bart Ehrman’s analysis bothers me as Christians are care about the preservation of the past, they just put the priority upon the Biblical fragments over those works which do not contribute anything to our knowledge of ancient societies. If you read the livescience article, this is explained more thoroughly and shows that Dr. Ehrman is being dishonest in his accusation. about Christians.

#3. The Greek Tombhttp://www.archaeology.org/news/2907-150120-greece-amphipolis-bones

A vast ancient tomb once thought to possibly house the remains of Alexander the Great contains bones of a woman, a newborn baby and two men and fragments of a cremated person, the Greek culture ministry said on Monday…

The culture ministry said research on the tomb’s bones showed the buried woman was over 60 years old and about 1.57 meters tall while the two men were aged 35 to 45 years old.

One of the men had cut marks in his left chest that were most likely from mortal injuries inflicted by a knife or small sword, the ministry said. The men had an estimated height of 1.62 to 1.68 meters.

#4. How Jesus Became Godhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YC1GyMXDfzM

This is another Craig Evans video talking about Bart Ehrman’s book of that title.  It is a good explanation of Dr. Ehrman’s work from a Christian viewpoint.

#5. Mummy Masks— I thought a little information on these items was necessary to understand the argument Drs. Ehrman and Evans raise.

http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/masks.htm

Many people interested in Egypt are familiar with funerary masks, used to cover the face of a mummy. An example, of course, is the famous funerary mask of Tutankhamun now in the Egyptian Antiquities Museum in Cairo, though certainly most funerary masks were not made of solid gold. However, living persons in ancient Egypt might have employed transformational spells to assume nonhuman forms. Specifically, masked priests, priestesses or magicians, disguising themselves as divine beings such as Anubis or Beset, almost assuredly assumed such identities to exert the powers associated with those deities. Funerary masks and other facial coverings for mummies emphasized the ancient Egyptian belief in the fragile state of transition that the dead would have to successfully transcend in their physical and spiritual journey from this world to their divine transformation in the next. Hence, whether worn by the living or the dead, masks played a similar role of magically transforming an individual from a mortal to a divine state.

I tried to find information on these masks but all I have uncovered so far are these articles and links to how to make paper mache masks. If you have links to better links please put them in the comment section.
A new study suggests that dogs may have first successfully migrated to the Americas only about 10,000 years ago, thousands of years after the first human migrants crossed a land bridge from Siberia to North America…Unlike their wild wolf predecessors, ancient dogs learned to tolerate human company and generally benefited from the association: They gained access to new food sources, enjoyed the safety of human encampments and, eventually, traveled the world with their two-legged masters. Dogs also were pressed into service as beasts of burden, and sometimes were served as food, particularly on special occasions.
Scientists have succeeded in reading parts of an ancient scroll that was buried in a volcanic eruption almost 2,000 years ago, holding out the promise that the world’s oldest surviving library may one day reveal all of its secrets. (Jan. 20) Video provided by AP
The second of two statues of Pharaoh King Amenhotep III is unveiled to the public in Egypt. The figures were reassembled after the temple where they were located was destroyed 3000 years ago by an earthquake. Tara Cleary reports. Video provided by Reuters
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Posted by on January 21, 2015 in academics, archaeology, Bible, history, science

 

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